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Write an analysis of "Case Study: Fetal Abnormality."?





Fetal abnormality inside the mother’s womb can be detected with various prenatal screening tests. This confirms the presence of fetal abnormality. It affects the parents and family members’ physical and mental wellbeing. Now-a-days various ethical issues are in place to determine the moral status of the fetus. This article is going to focus on a case study and will illustrate the associated theories, which are being used by individual characters to determine moral status of the fetus. This paper will also include how theories influence individual’s recommendation for action and finally a self reflection of the author.

The theories that are being used by Jessica, Marco, Maria, and Dr. Wilson to determine moral status of the fetus

From this case study it can be said that Jessica, the fetus’s mother beliefs that all life is sacred. Jessica feels tremendously haphazard between her belief about the fetus and hopes of better socioeconomic position and increased independence. Hence the theory she follows is equal moral status (John Rossi, 2010). Marco, Jessica’s husband follows positive moral belief. This is said because his economic condition is poor and he believes that Jessica’s pregnancy with a disabled child is a burden and a barrier to his financial security and plans. Aunt Maria beliefs in anti-abortion concept; whatever the case it is. According to Maria, life is a God’s gift, so she pleads Jessica to follow thorough her pregnancy and let it happen what God likes to take place. Dr. Wilson is firmly pro-choice and believed that abortion of diseased fetus is a compassionate option headed towards ethically sound reasons.     

The theories that influence each of the recommendation for action

Jessica’s beliefs make her confused to reach to a firm decision and obviously make her emotional. Marco follows positive moral belief as well as respects his wife’s decision, as he states his concerns but ultimately agrees to support Jessica’s decision. Maria strongly beliefs the presence of God, hence advises Jessica to take care of her responsibility as a mother, or else she will be punished by the God for her sin. Dr. Wilson prefers to go for ethically sound decisions and hence states that abortion is medically and scientifically a wise option in Jessica’s case. 

In my point of view

I agree with pro-choice. It advocates the presence of a female’s right to select whether to go for an abortion. I belief that each and individual should respect disabled people and side by side I also support the researches that are focused on the elimination of genetic disorders, so that the fetus who might have had a genetic disorder (down syndrome), have an option to be born without the disease (Pardo and Calvo, 2008). According to me abortion of diseased and disabled fetus is a compassionate decision made for ethically sound reasons and not at all conflicts with admiration towards the disabled individuals. I do believe that wellbeing of a born individual within a family is supreme prior considering the requirements of a fetus. My argument is that fetuses are unable to become self-aware and hence, cannot understand the suffering of a born person (Kornegay, 2010). If I were the doctor, just like Dr. Wilson I would outline all the possible options for Jessica and would suggest my own point of view that abortion is medically and scientifically a wise decision in her case.



From the illustration it is apparent that the author supports the idea of prevention of suffering and it is core to his ethical beliefs. The author ultimately stated that some people like Maria might believe that children with such disabilities are the gifts of God and nurturing them is worthwhile experience for the parents. But according to him by believing in such type of concepts one appropriates the complexities and fetishizes the differences, which is otherwise showing disrespect towards a disabled person.



John Rossi, (2010). Is Equal Moral Consideration Really Compatible with Unequal Moral Status?.Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, 20(3), pp.251-276.

Kornegay, R. (2010). Hursthouse’s Virtue Ethics and Abortion: Abortion Ethics without Metaphysics?.Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, 14(1), pp.51-71.

Pardo, R. and Calvo, F. (2008). Attitudes Toward Embryo Research, Worldviews, and the Moral Status of the Embryo Frame. Science Communication, 30(1), pp.8-47.

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