1 Findings of my research
One of the findings of this research is that, there is positive relation among flexible working hours and loyalty of employees towards the organization. The research found that when the employees are free to work in their most convenient hours, they are likely to perform so well in their respective duties. The research also dealt with raw data from Turkey. The hypothesis towards this finding was proven statistically and therefore, the findings are reliable and applicable to many organizations.
The research also found that, Performance of worker, conflict of job and pressure of job are main factors that are essential of each company and worker. The company rests on the performance of the employee. There is discord sometimes that is caused by the perceived need, the values and also the interests of the employee when they are working together (MacInnes, 2005, p.273).
The third finding of this research was that satisfaction, flexibility in work and work life balance are factors that impacts on the employee performance. All these factors were seen to be driven by flexibility in working hours. When the employees are given time to work at their scheduled hours in a flexible manner, they will be motivated to better their performance.
Contributions of the findings to existing literature
These research findings contribute to the existing literature in Human Resource and Management discipline. Before this research was conducted, there was a great gap in the field of Business and management especially in Turkey. There was a rise of need for managers in Turkey to have enlightenment in flexible working hours because many Turkish organizations do not have sufficient knowledge in this field.
The shortage of adequate investigations in this field, more specifically in Turkish companies will be amalgamated by the conclusions, findings and recommendations of this research. By that, the research will have been contributed to not only in the existing literature but also to the existing and emerging business, companies and organizations in Turkey. The research also collected some statistical data which will be used analytically by scholars and managers, each with their respective analysis method to bring out findings. This will help in that, the used literature as reference materials will have a chance to be reviewed and updated each and every time to ensure validity and having the most current findings in the management discipline.
2 The literature review was a chapter that exposed me to variety of information. To begin with, I had to identify the purpose of the literature review. In management, the books, reviewed journals and articles and case studies were limited in my area and hence, I had to do everything to collect them first. The lecturer guide on the chapter wanted me to show good understanding of the main topic of my dissertation, to make comparison of what different literature said about my topic and also to show my part and my stand on the topic deriving the stance from the objectives and the research hypotheses. By this knowledge, I therefore started researching and reading what the authors had on the issue. The trends in managements and how the problem of flexible working hours and employee performance were my primary concerns in the most recent studies (Saunders & Lewis, 2014, p.98). Another way that I used to develop the literature review was that, I sook to identify the structure, the voice the key elements and the level of criticism I would pose on the prospected literature review then the process began. I identified the key words, I search for the relevant information for the study, I obtained the copies of my literature, I made a reference list, I made notes for the literature review and finally I wrote my literature review.
3 The process was all so fine because I was able to come up with the findings and the recommendations. The population from which I sampled in Turkey responded to my questionnaires and interviews. I was able to conduct the whole process excellently as I got full potential as a scholar from the lecturer, my department and also my colleague. When I was doing my literature review, I was lucky because I had an access to the literature materials from University of Chester and some were available in the home library and in the Internet e-books.
However, there is hardly a hundred percent efficient process carried out by a human being (Booth, Sutton & Papaioannou, 2016, p. 104). I was challenged in a way because some of the respondents were not willing to give information and when they were to give, they did not answer all of them. The companies in Turkey were not all responsive and ready to give you a chance to conduct the research for their premises. Men were not willing to give information as my research findings reflects that men were fewer than women though I struggled to get them. The time to conduct the research was also challenging especially from the 200 sample. For this reason, I was able to overcome them by consulting from experts each moment I faced any problem. My instructor assisted me a lot in this. The certificate of good conduct and ethical approval I sook from the authority assisted me as well in convincing the top managers of Turkish companies to allow me into research (Shipman, 2014, p. 65).
4 Undertaking this research has been of great impact to me. I have been enlightened on many issues that happens around companies and organizations. It has led me to further my preparedness for a career in management. I have developed capabilities, skills and competencies like Organizing, planning, leading and managing.
When I was researching on flexible working hours and motivation, I developed the skills in planning and managing. I came to realize that when a person is planning on time schedules in a company is also a manger on the implementations. I surveyed while the managers in Turkish companies managed employee performances and managing other company premises and I developed that skill as well. Organizational skills were also significant. I had to start by organizing my schedules and activities so that I could conduct a significant research. The findings I came to get enlightened me on how a manger should himself be organized so that he can then organize other company elements.
All these skills and competencies are prospected to be applied when I will be a manager in a company. I will be in a position to make sure that the employee working hours, their performance, work life conflict and work pressure are well catered for. I also hope to be the best manager in my future career.
Booth, A., Sutton, A., & Papaioannou, D. (2016). Systematic approaches to a successful literature review. Sage.
Holly, S. & Mohnen, A. Impact of Working Hours on Work-Life Balance. SSRN Electronic Journal
Kumar, K. (2016). Reflection and its uses in Problem Solving and Personal Development.
MacInnes, J. (2005). Work-Life Balance and the Demand for Reduction in Working Hours: Evidence from the British Social Attitudes Survey 2002. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 43(2), 273-295.
Mujtaba, B. G. (2013). Managerial skills and practices for global leadership.
Saunders, M. N., & Lewis, P. (2014). Doing research in business and management: An essential guide to planning your project. Pearson Higher Ed.
Shagvaliyeva, S. & Yazdanifard, R. (2014). Impact of Flexible Working Hours on Work-Life Balance. American Journal of Industrial and Business Management, 04(01), 20-23.
Shipman, M. D. (2014). The limitations of social research. Routledge.
Winston, R. B., Creamer, D. G., & Miller, T. K. (2013). The professional student affairs administrator: Educator, leader, and manager. Routledge.