Write about the Features of Ancient Roman Literature for Comedies.
The main aim of the topic is to present arguments in terms of advantages and disadvantages of Roman Literature. Different authors have come up with their views to make their argument strong while discussing the nature of Roman Literature. Literature of Rome is having a subject matter, which is varied greatly. The literature inculcates that forces the reader to make a larger number of generalizations, which are simplistic in nature.
According to Garnsey and Saller, (2014; p.12; Chp: 10), Roman Empire produced a lot of Literature, comedies, dramas and the Romans avoided tragedies. It contributes to the golden age of literature. According to Mitchell, (2014; p.16; Chp: 4), however, the literature lacks ground as mostly it is influenced by Greeks as the Romans were aware about their literary inferiority in the beginning. The breadth of the Roman Literature can be well understood not only in the context of production of a greater variety which has its existence during the time of the minor fragments of which has been made to the readers through the passing of ages. It also inculcates the vast period of time and geography of the country, which are incorporated within the context of “ancient Rome” (Quin, 2014; p. 71; Chp: 3). Therefore, in this context, it is significant to discuss, the nature of the Roman Literature and how this literature is still being considered among the group of historians
The advantages of Ancient Roman Literature
By taking into account the positive view of ancient Literature of Rome, it can be said that
- The writing of prose by Cicero during the golden age of Roman literature in 80th century BC generally carries the characteristics of certainly a greater quality of Literature, which stated about the culture of ancient Rome, was the capacity to appreciate assimilate and accommodate the best that could be gained from the allied and conquered territories. (Frank, 2015; p.14; Chp: 7). This cannot be taken from a negative perspective, as such that it came from many other aspects of the society of Rome, which opened to the variety of cultures, ideas and religions of Rome. For example, many leaders and emperors belonging to the stock of foreign, some never arrived Roman expect for a fewer number of times (Frank, 2015; p.14; Chp: 7).
- Roman pax Romana: The environment of a stable nature, which was provided by the hegemony of Rome, enabled a greater variety of literature and arts, which are to be created and enjoyed by the greater number of population. (Howston, 2014; p.9; Chp: 9). The poverb, which is taken from Aristotle defines well the pragmatism of Roman “Primium vivera, deinde Philosophari” which means the philosophy must be bred first and then comes everything (Howston, 2014; p.9; Chp: 9).
- Literacy of Rome: During the reign of Augustus from 27BC, it is believed that it is to make sure that there is no literature if the people of literature cannot create or consume literature (Garnsey & Saller, 2014; p.12; Chp: 10). The success of Rome and wealth has given birth to an increasing number of population who are literate, even this was prevailed among the people who are in lower graded ranks, so much, that the graffiti can be found all over the walls of Pomp and tabernae of Public.
- The schools of Roman gave the essentials and schooling of Rome frequently stressed on the travels to the foreign lands such as Crete or Greece where the techniques of literary and Orientals can be made with perfect. The historian name Tacitus painted a memorable picture of Rome in the 2nd Century BC.
- The spreading of Literacy in the civilization of Rome by Quintilian, Aulus Gellius and Apuleius in the second century BC was being supported by those aspects which might be expected in the modern age society and this incorporate the stability of economics and law, a stable social context to give permission to the study of individual. The society’s need for the people in terms of higher education, benefiting the individual while pursuing a higher level of knowledge and education, providing the cultural background, which renders popular value to the consumption and production of the literature, are the general expectations for the modern society (Garnsey & Saller, 2014; p.12; Chp: 10).
- The roman literature provides access to the thinking of elitist and the their works which is an important part of the jigsaw. The creation of the art, literature and progress is the result of the individual and it gives the feeling of the individual, which makes the individual as if they are the part of this environment. The entry to the Greek work was a huge effect in a different ways, which reflect the effect of domination. The Latin writings give importance in the rhetoric, the frame of speaking and the art of persuading. The writings of Ammianus, Rutilius Claudius and Aurelius Symmachus wrote poetries with great talent in the Middle ages. These authors demonstrated the features of modernism in the classical literature.
- The speaking of Public must carry a greater importance for the literati Romans because many of them wanted successful career in politics. After Rome became the empire, the capacity to persuade and impress people by the words spoken lost its importance. However, training in the rhetoric continued in order to flourish and to affect the styles of the writing. A larger part of the rhetoric includes the ability to present a familiar idea while striking a innovative manner in order to attract the attractions. The authors of Latin became the masters of the variety of arts.
The disadvantages of Roman Literature
- The disadvantages of Roman literature are based on the generalizations, which are made by the Literature of Rome includes the foremost and important disadvantage of the Literature is that the literature is the copy of Greece and it is quite evident in the writings of Tacitus and Sallust. (Mitchell, 2014:p.15; chp:4).
- Secondly, there is an influence of the political and imperial propagandistic, which interrupted the creativity (Dihle, 2013; p. 10;Chp: 12). The influence of the Greeks on the literature of Rome is undeniable, basically during the period of republic when the Romans are importantly military and agricultural society and hence having a language which do not have flexibility of expressions which is required in the higher degree of literature. Such weakness continuously strengthened the main aspects of the Roman Literature (Dihle, 2013; p. 10; Chp: 12).
- The affect of the supervision of the politics produced where parallel to each other. Through this observation can be rightly pointed during Augustus and Caesar (McGill, 2013; p.17; Chp 5). However, the control of the politics literature would carry out its cost and prove damages in the long run. (Flower, 2014;p. 20; Chp: 7). There are similar examples such as Ptolemaic Alexandria along with the famous library which is world famous, but was not the focus of innovation and the creativity and the reason behind this is the ongoing political influence. This process enhanced the censorship process, which went in parallel with the increasing focus to the mode of languages.
- During the time of the rule of Nero, the situation became dramatic and by then the Roman literature was entering a long period of the relatively based flatness and the production of literature is mediocre, it is not based on merit in any respect. The Roman Literature lacks the main poetic vocabulary, which hints the poetry of Greece. The reason is that the Romans used to invent words and this lead to a greater extent, this leads to the Lack of important poetic wordings (Flower, 2014;p. 20; Chp: 7).
Therefore, to conclude, it can be stated that, the advantages and disadvantages of the Ancient evidence of Rome gives a detail idea about the nature of Roman Literature and their importance ,which is still being carried out in the modern society. Roman literature is rick with classical essence and this reflects the change of period during the ancient time and how the people lived under the rule of monarch. The literature has both negative and positive views, but all together they provide the readers about the historical importance of the ancient Rome.
Dihle, A. (2013). Greek and Latin literature of the Roman empire: from Augustus to Justinian. Routledge.
Flower, H. I. (Ed.). (2014). The Cambridge companion to the Roman republic. Cambridge University Press.
Frank, T. (2015). Life and literature in the Roman Republic (Vol. 7). Cambridge University Press.
Garnsey, P., & Saller, R. P. (2014). The Roman Empire: economy, society and culture. Bloomsbury Publishing.
Howatson, M. C. (Ed.). (2013). The Oxford companion to classical literature. OUP Oxford.
McGill, S. (2012). Plagiarism in Latin Literature. Cambridge University Press.
Mitchell, S. (2014). A history of the later Roman Empire, AD 284-641. John Wiley & Sons.
Quinn, K. (2014). Latin Explorations (routledge Revivals): Critical Studies in Roman Literature. Routledge.