Which theory or theories are being used by Jessica, Marco, Maria, and Dr. Wilson to determine the moral status of the fetus? Explain. How does the theory determine or influence each of their recommendation for action? What theory do you agree with? How would the theory determine or influence the recommendation for action?
Theories of willpower: The theories which have been followed for determining the moral status of the fetus are mainly decisional conflict theory, anxiety theory and process coping theory (Griffith, 2004). Doctor became anxious when father of the fetus not responding. Father conflicts with doctor’s decision and also aunt do the same. Mother tries to cope up with the situation but mentally became weak. The situation not favors the birth of the fetus.
Proposal of Action: Every human being have there own proposals for any condition. In this condition doctor, parents of the fetus and aunt of the parents also think in different ways. The main reason for thinking differently is the emotional attachment part. Doctor in this case try to help the parents after knowing the economic condition and health status of the fetus and he become anxious because the aim of the doctor is to give the mother an idea about the condition of the fetus. The father of the fetus trying to kept the information of deformity because he thinks that this news will affect the mental as well as physiological condition of his mother. Aunt try to pray in front of god because she thinks god will help to modify the condition. And ultimately mother was not able to decide anything and try to cope up from the situation. So the situations are defining the causes of the action. Doctor become anxious, father maintain the conflict to take decision as well as mother also try to do this and mother also follow the cope up theory. Aunt try to follow cope up theory by praying in front of god.
Conclusion of the theories: The situation is very tough for every human being. We should know that the doctor diagnosed the problem and worried on the situation. Doctor also told that the fetus may be having Down syndrome. This is a genetic disorder and this leads from one generation to other generation. Also the life of the fetus is not so easy and he should go through proper medication and this is a cost effecting procedure. Decisional conflict is common in case of this kind of matter. The father should realize the matter and follow the instruction of the doctor. Patience of the doctor is also very important so the anxiety is not admirable in this case (Isaacs, 2003). The process of cop up with this situation is the only suitable theory or model. The awareness of the parents should increase about the disease but abortion is also a very tough procedure for a mother. Everybody should realize the condition and they should agree with the doctor that the economic condition is not good and with these difficulties give birth to a child with deformities is very tough. Also the child has his own identity and to abort a child is not so easy to accept for a mother that is why mental maturity with ethical views needed and cope up process with overall situation is very important.
Griffith, S. (2004). The Moral Status of a Human Fetus: A Response to Lee. Christian Bioethics, 10(1), 55-62. doi:10.1080/13803600490489898
Isaacs, D. (2003). Moral status of the fetus: Fetal rights or maternal autonomy?. J Paediatr Child Health, 39(1), 58-59. doi:10.1046/j.1440-1754.2003.00088.x