1. Use of theories for determination of moral status of fetus?
In present disability context of the unborn fetus, Jessica and Marco, the parents of the fetus are using the positive moral choice theory and the Utilitarianism theory in their decision of aborting the fetus (Kalokairinou, 2012). In case of Dr. Wilson, the use of Fetishizing disability theory has been used. As per the medical ethics, respecting the right of disability does not necessarily mean that the individuals should honor and celebrate disability itself. However, Aunt Maria, who is an aged person, uses the Traditional or Natural law where as per the Catholic ethics; abortion in any situation in considered to be an evil act.
2. Influence of the theory on the recommendations
The decision of Jessica and Marco are taken from the standpoint of economic, emotional and scientific prospect. The doctor is also right from his own perspective because as per the Utilitarian theory an individual should have freedom and right over the body and mind. However, in case of an unborn fetus this decision rests upon the parents of the fetus (Emiri, 2012). Thus, medical science expects that the parents of the disabled fetus will make a rational decision.
3. Evaluation of the preferred theory
Considering all three situations, it may be suggested that the Utilitarian theory is preferred over the other theories. This theory supports the facts that abortion of a disabled fetus because of future financial pressures, family member needs and uncertain future of the child is a rational and valid decision and concerns no act of evil or immorality. Thus, the view of the doctor is valid in this respect (Bailey, 2012). Within the emotional turmoil, Jessica is also considering the similar option, which may suggest that the decision of Jessica is also valid. Further As per the Parental Interest Argument, the parents and especially the mother had the right to abort a disabled child because the strain of caring for a disabled child will be a major responsibility for the mother solely (Lysaught, 2012). Thus, this act states that although abortion is undesirable however, the act is permissible in special cases. Thus, it may be agreed that the view of the doctor and the parents are suitable in the present situation.
Bailey, J. (2012). Abortion. New York: Rosen Central.
Emiri, F. (2012). Medical law and ethics in Nigeria. Lagos, Nigeria: Malthouse Press.
Kalokairinou, E. (2012). From Meta-Ethics to Ethics. Frankfurt: Lang, Peter, GmbH, Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften.
Lysaught, M. (2012). On moral medicine. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co.