Human rights should be at the heart of the development. The social dialogue is important for the promotion of business and human rights. It is a matter of unease that a number of conspicuous civil society actors are placed in pre-trial confinement. The experts look after the prospects and challenges of executing the regulatory principles on the business and human rights in Azerbaijan. These principles provide guidance on averting and addressing adverse impacts on the human rights of the business activities. The laws of Azerbaijan are strong enough to protect, respect and promote human rights (Fukuda-Parr Yamin & Greenstein, 2014). The government, business, and civil society should adhere to the rules in order to achieve all the factors.
The humans in Azerbaijan have electoral rights to elect and elected along with participating in the votes. However, Azerbaijan is a secular and representative democracy. It has been criticized for bribing members to legitimize the fraudulent elections. The people in the country do not enjoy the freedom of assembly. The freedom of action, assembly, and the association has been declining for some years now. The human rights are deteriorating in Azerbaijan. There are various measures in Azerbaijan to restrict freedom of media in the country. The journalists have access to the print houses but face several defamation charges. The citizens in the country are unable to access the reliable news on human rights (Orbie, 2016).
The corruption is also considered to be widespread in the politics. However, necessary measures have been taken against corruption in the last few years. On the other side, thousands of the homeowners are evicted from their houses in various part of the Baku to make way for the business centers, parks, and exclusive residential areas. For this purpose, compensation is offered below the market value and without any proper warning.
The experts look at the existing ingenuities, opportunities, and challenges to implement the supervisory principles in Azerbaijan regarding human rights. These guiding principles are addressed by the UN human rights council to avert adverse influences on human rights of business activities. The laws of Azerbaijan are of a sound basis for human rights to be protected, appreciated and promoted (Fukuda-Parr Yamin & Greenstein, 2014). The actors like government, business, and civil society should obey the recommended rules and regulations to sustain human rights.
To enhance the involvement of civil society in the economic and social life NGOs promote inclusive relationships in all regions of the world. These NGOs responds to the constraints faced by the country by the effective use of consultative status with ECOSOC and contribution in the international decision-making process. In the last 25 years, the World Bank has supported Azerbaijan in executing critical structural reforms to stabilize human relations and the economy. The bank has designed and implemented pension reforms and social assistance program to reduce poverty in Azerbaijan. It has even introduced the best international practices in order to grow local businesses and human capital. The bank even offers accessible and effective public services.
The effective collaboration with the civil society and government ensures the viable and equitable growth of the humans. The working group has been recognized by the UN human rights council in 2011 to overcome the issues of human rights, transnational corporation, and other business enterprises. The members of this working group serve in their personal capacities and are independent of any government or organization (Orbie, 2016). The World Bank is an effective alternative to the consultants. As a result, the businesses will also be able to contribute positively and responsibly. The communication technologies facilitate global learning to humans. More rights facilitate organizing and voicing of antagonism. Encouraging the government to be more local boosts popular participation.
Fukuda-Parr, S., Yamin, A. E., & Greenstein, J. (2014). The power of numbers: a critical review of millennium development goal targets for human development and human rights. Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, 15(2-3), 105-117.
Orbie, J. (2016). The European Union’s international development policy: leading and benevolent?. In Europe's global role (pp. 83-106). Routledge.