Globalization is a fascinating thesis. According to Francis (2013), it is reported that the growth in global trade has declined in the recent years. There is a dramatic fall in GDP, job losses and other economic indicators that confirm the decline in globalization. The question that boggles my mind is: Has globalization come to an end?
The increasing competition from countries has caused large dislocations. If globalization has come to an end, there are two possible ways forward. The countries would live as isolationists and focus on domestic growth only. The crossroads of globalization lead to regulatory integration or greater isolation of national economies (Francis 2013).
The end of globalization is considered as a negative scenario as it would increase barriers to trade and protectionism. Currency wars would increase with a dramatic rise in the cost of capital. The civil strife and poverty would become a reality (O'Sullivan 2015).
The process of globalization that allows free flow of goods, services, ideas and people are not inevitable. The restriction on globalization would lead to the lower output of products and services and inefficiencies in economies of scale. Globalization is a massive concept in itself, and if that comes to an end, the question arises: Can we sustain globalization?
It can be argued that globalization creates various opportunities for improving well-being of people. Globalization is not an inevitable or irreversible trend. There are various issues and economic trends through which one can sustain globalization. According to Tabarrok (2016), as long as we keep extending cooperation across national boundaries, globalization can be sustained. The countries also have to keep investing in education so that there is increasing demand for ideas. We need to maximize incentives that increase globalization. The world would be doomed without globalization (Sparke 2013).
Francis, D., 2013. Is This the End of Globalization?. [online] The Fiscal Times. Available at: <https://www.thefiscaltimes.com/Articles/2013/02/28/Is-This-the-End-of-Globalization> [Accessed 21 Feb. 2016].
Friedman, T., 2016. What Thomas Friedman means when he says "The World is Flat". [online] YouTube. Available at: <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oM2BguxRSyY&list=PLMzXpDgoXxGoq2jEluY98rGaAgz9CwM1F> [Accessed 21 Feb. 2016].
O'Sullivan, M., 2015. Is Globalization Thriving or Coming to an End?. [online] Credit Suisse. Available at: <https://www.credit-suisse.com/in/en/news-and-expertise/economy/articles/news-and-expertise/2015/10/en/is-globalization-thriving-or-coming-to-an-end.html> [Accessed 21 Feb. 2016].
Sparke, M., 2013. Introducing globalization. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
Tabarrok, A., 2016. Transcript of "How ideas trump crises". [online] Ted.com. Available at: <https://www.ted.com/talks/alex_tabarrok_foresees_economic_growth/transcript?language=en#t-404000> [Accessed 21 Feb. 2016].
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