Problem in urban area conservation in Malaysia
Urban area conservation is defined as areas, which are usually protected, preserved and which are carefully managed. In general, conservation may include different factors such as restoration, reconstruction and adaptation. The urban conservation can also be seen as an act of looking after or even managing a change within a given urban area. Moreover, the process of conservation may lead to the prolonging of life of the cultural properties within the urban area for its utilization in recent and past as well (Malaysia, 2006). In addition, the urban conservation area may also be seen as an activity of protection the existing areas within the urban centers from destruction or changes in a particular manner. There are serious problems which are related with urban area conservation and especially in Malaysia. Some of the urban activities require large pieces of land and these required to have proper urban land conservation (Malaysia, 2006). The shortage of lands to carry out the activities is able to affect the urban conservations in the urban areas.
Increase of the population is another key problem, which the urban land conservation faces in Malaysia. The population is able to lead to more pollution and therefore straining the available conserved environments in the case of control of the emission of gases (Colchester & Erni, 1999). These laws are critical in ensuring that the land is used for the proper used. In addition, due to the land limitation in in Malaysia, the urban conservation areas are able to ensure that the lands are uses for their proper uses.
Need for conservation areas
The urban conservation area idea started in the early 20th century and received great support from different parties. In Malaysia, the urban conservation began to receive the government attention in 1976, when the Parliament passed the Antiquity Act mostly known as Act 168 (Colchester & Erni, 1999). The conservation areas are critical in enhancing the biodiversity conservation which is critical in providing habitat and protection from adverse activities when they are able to threaten the development of urban centers. The conservation is able to protect the various urban activities from getting finished. In addition, cultural artifacts are critical in the urban centers and they in most cases tend to be neglected. This raises the need to have the conservation area in urban centers and ensure that these activities continue to happen. In addition, increase of population is another cause, which causes the need to have the urban conservation areas in Malaysia (Malayan Nature Society, 2005). This is able to help the minimization of a low land requirement in most cases and enhance the land usage. The need to conserve some lands for various activities in Malaysia raises the need to have the urban conservation areas in place. In addition, organized development is usually achieved when each activity has its designated areas to take place. This is achieved through the plans to have the conservation areas, especially in the urban areas. The development agendas for the government are enhanced through the protection of these areas and ensuring that the urban development is achieved. In addition, some of the conservation areas are dome with the aim of preserving nature. In most cases, preservation of species, which are on the danger of being rid of, is done. In addition, nature preservation and environmental conservation aims are other main reasons why conservation areas are kept (Jamal, 2000). For instance, preserving forests to enhance cleaning of air is carried out in some locations. Moreover, economical reasons are other reasons why there are conservation areas in some locations. These areas are in this cases uses as sources for revenue generation for the states and national governments. This provides reasons for such entities to keep such areas. In addition, areas with specific architecture or historical interests also promote the reasons to have the conservation areas. This is done in order to maintain some cultural believes or special interests of some parties.
Examples of conservation areas in Malaysia
In Malaysia, there are different categories of the protected areas, and they depend on the usage of the said areas. The major areas include the protected areas of Sabah, the protected areas of Sarawak, biosphere reserves of Malaysia and forests reserves of Malaysia (Malayan Nature Society, 2005). Other categories, which are found in Malaysia, include national parks of Malaysia, Ramsar sites in Malaysia, wildlife sanctuaries of Malaysia, and world heritage sites in Malaysia (Mullard, 1999). Some of these categories in these include the Bidu Bidu Forest Reserve, Danum Valley Conservation area and Lower Kinabatangan Segama Wetlands among others.
Colchester, M., & Erni, C. (1999). Indigenous peoples and protected areas in South and Southeast Asia: from principles to practice : proceedings of the conference at Kundasang, Sabah, Malaysia, 14-18 December 1998. Copenhagen, International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs. www.iwgia.org/iwgia_files_publications_files/0127_97_South_Asia.pdf
Jamal Othman. (2000). Analysis of tourism incentive measures and its impact on biological diversity conservation in protected areas in Malaysia: a case study of Pulau Tioman Marine Park. Petaling Jaya, Selangor D.E., Malaysia, WWF Malaysia. www.sbc.org.my/media-centre/downloads/publication/3...of-the-biodiversity.../file
Malayan Nature Society. (2005). A handbook of important bird areas in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysian Nature Society. mnsmiri.blogspot.com/p/introduction-to-malaysian-nature.html
Malaysia. (2006). Management effectiveness assessment of national and state parks in Malaysia. Putrajaya, Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. https://portals.iucn.org/library/node/28138
Mullard, S. (1999). Towards a new co-operation: a strategy for the development of a network of protected areas in Malaysia. Petaling Jaya, Selangor D.E., Malaysia, WWF Malaysia. www.wwf.org.my › ... › What We Do › Forests › Protect › Projects