There is a wide range of risks involved in case of an employee smoking marijuana in the work (Jonathan P. Caulkins, Hawken, Kilmer, & Kleiman, 2012). For instance, the person is likely to develop some form of impairment that will apparently lead to accidents in the work place especially in safety-sensitive firms. Since the drug is potentially hallucinogenic, the employee if allowed to work in heavy machinery area, he is likely to endanger his life and those of colleagues through mishandling of the machinery. The risk of fire is also imminent considering that some of these machinery use highly inflammable fuels.
The zero-tolerance policy maybe be helpful in this scenario because the environment depicts a sensitive operations involving machinery and probably flammable fuels (Mehling & Triggle, 2003). The employees’ rights include the right to take the marijuana prescriptions freely even in the workplace without any restriction from the employer. It would be wrong to diminish an employee. The law provides for this considering the marijuana a drug and thus the employee’s medical condition just like the other medical problems.
The employer is obliged to permit the employees smoking marijuana as a prescription to do as freely as provided in the laws of the country as a way of accommodating their needs. They are also supposed to accommodate the unseen disabilities of the employees such as addiction and substance abuse. The employer’s duty to the work place a whole is to ensure the safety of the entire workforce and clients operating in the particular environment.
Jonathan P. Caulkins, Hawken, A., Kilmer, B., & Kleiman, M. (2012). Marijuana Legalization: What Everyone Needs to Know®. Oxford University Press.
Mehling, R., & Triggle, D. J. (2003). Marijuana. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers.