In the present era, the duties and responsibilities of individuals are considered accountable just through undeniable information of the result of their activities. Without any clear results, no individual can be held subject for his or her activities. As teenagers carry out progressively intolerable crimes, the media shifts consideration far from the activities of these teenagers and spotlights on the apparently extreme disciplines they are qualified for. Teenagers blamed for brutal crimes should be detained and sentenced evenhandedly, paying little attention to age, to guarantee the law’s fairness before its residents, to teach juveniles in regards to the potential seriousness of the outcomes of their activities, and to keep preventing the future demonstrations of offense from happening in the public arena.
One reason why juveniles should be regarded as adults is to guarantee the equal implementation of law and justice on every citizen. However, to what degree the laws and punishments utilized towards the adolescent of today has been a significant concentration of numerous criminologists and associations around the United States of America. Most of the American citizens feel that the laws should uphold the validity and integrity to the potential extent. However, there are similarly the same numbers of people who feel that the minor offenses should be rejected so that the juvenile’s future and record would not be tarnished for a peaceful law/ nonviolent law (Klein, 2011).
Genesee Valley Regional Center (GVRC) is a highly secure juvenile detention facility that is being operated by the County of Genesee Board of Commissioners. GVRC considers male and female youth approximately 10, 18 years old, and court requested into juvenile detention facility. Genesee Valley Regional Center concedes Genesee County youth and in addition youth ordered into confinement by other province courts and the Department of Human Services of State of Michigan. Discharge from GVRC additionally requires a court arrange. Genesee Valley Regional Center gives a “Group Process” methodology confinement program with a specific end goal to guarantee a protected and compassionate detainment encounter for all inhabitants. A 12 month a year essential training system is given by Mt. Morris Consolidated Schools inside the office/ facility. (Fonger, Fewer juveniles at Genesee County detention center prompts talk of change, 2013)
A few juveniles, who are on post-trial supervision, should be directed more intently than others. These juveniles are put on Juvenile Intensive Probation (JIPS). Some of them have been on standard probation and been stuck in an unfortunate situation once more. Others have conferred an intense offense, and need additional supervision to secure the group. A post-trial agent and an observation officer, who must visit them a few times each week, administer JIPS probationers. These visits are unannounced and can occur at whenever amid the day or night (Fonger, 2012).
The quantity of juveniles being held in detainment in the Genesee Valley Regional Center is dropping significantly. It is now down more than 25 percent in the previous years. On the other hand, the authorities have a thought for how to fill some of those vacant beds. Surprisingly since the region assumed control operation of the Genesee Valley Regional Center around a decade back, it was looking for the vendors to offer specific treatment for juveniles, a move that could keep the unpredictable nearer to limit. The inside is right now utilized just for the ordered detentions by the court, which is authorized as a holding office in which juveniles from 10 to 17 years of age are housed until their cases are settled in court. In any case, with a specific wing committed to treatment, including drug guiding and clinical treatment, the Genesee Valley Regional Center could likewise keep the juveniles after the order of the judge to them for getting help in an in-housing program (Rodriguez, 2010).
In treatment, juveniles would normally be kept under in-house through at least six to eight months at the Genesee Valley Regional Center. The district authorities have said they could in-house in regards to 40 male and female teenagers (young boys and young girls) on an annual basis. In the financial year that finished Sept. 30, 2013, the normal day by day populace at the Genesee Valley Regional Center was almost 44, more than 25 percent less it is normal of about 59 in the past 12 months, as per the statistics of JVRC. The center is further authorized to hold up to 72 individuals. The commissioner has consented to assume control operation of the Genesee Valley Regional Center since 2002. It happened after the state, which worked it already, made the plans to close the center (Fonger, 2012).
There are many reasons for the decline of population at the Genesee Valley Regional Center. The expanded utilization of non-private projects is additionally bringing about the decay. The populace is repeating, nourished by the periods where there is a wide range of juvenile wrongdoing and it surges the Genesee Valley Regional Center. The judge has said that having the nearby treatment choice could help balance out the populace at Genesee Valley Regional Center, however, a substitution office or a replacement facility is also required.
The Board of Commissioners of the county has talked for quite a long while about the need to supplant the Genesee Valley Regional Center complex yet have not found a source of financing. In 2009, authorities evaluated the cost of pulverizing existing structures and development of another office at $19.2 million. Police and court authorities have said the Genesee Valley Regional Center is basic to the juvenile justice framework here on the grounds that without it, they would be compelled to transfer the juveniles to and from another area for court appearances (Finkel, 2015).
The mission for an effective juvenile justice framework is to distinguish the groups and teams of endless criminal offenders and weaken them through amplified times of imprisonment. A number of criminologists have perceived that the accompanying qualities of a rehash guilty party's juvenile record are like the disintegration among family members, child abuse, and truancy, monetary and social hardship. Low neighborhood connection, parental states of mind overlooking law damaging conduct, school drop-out, absence of holding with society, poor relationships or fight with associates and introverted practices at an opportune time in life.
In the event that a juvenile justice framework prosecutes on early offenses, the juvenile will have the capacity to follow and in this manner less demanding to detect the qualities of a rehash guilty party. The stricter the courts around the country would be, the faster the state can study and discover these rehash guilty parties. This is the reason; the juvenile justice framework should be strict with even minor, peaceful offenses in light of the fact that the record of a juvenile might be examined to foresee future violators (Rodriguez, 2010).
The existing debate on Juvenile justice reforms in the United States emphasis on the root of racial and economical inconsistencies in the imprisoned youth inhabitants. It is noteworthy to denote that the pipeline from school to prison has understood as one of the mechanism, which targets young people in school and channels them into the system of Juvenile Justice System. A large number of criticisms revolve around the American system of Juvenile due to its effectiveness in rehabilitating the juvenile delinquents. Several researches have indicated that Juvenile imprisonment and trial reflects negative transition of life concerning the completion of education. According to certain type of development theories, adolescents who are involved in the system of court are in the situation to suffer disruptions in the process of their life transition. This leads them to indulge in delinquent behavior in the form of adults.
Even though, there is a decline in the quantity of juveniles being held in detainment in the Genesee Valley Regional Center, but still its importance for criminal justice cannot be ignored. After analyzing the nature of juvenile crimes and the treatment of such juveniles in the Genesee Valley Regional Center, it is suggested that it should not be closed. However, it should be continued with a little improvements in its basic structure like better strategies to fill up the vacant beds. Closing the Genesee Valley Regional Center will create a lot of difficulties for juvenile’s detention and their treatment, and this is why, it should not be closed.
To sum it up, the individuals are considered accountable or their acts and duties. Without any apparent results, no individual can be held subject for his or her activities. The teenagers are often found involved in brutal crimes, however, the spotlight is always given to the crimes and teenagers are considered protected due to their minor age. The Juvenile justice is a fair approach to consider teenagers equally responsible for the crimes. The juvenile detention facility like Genesee Valley Regional Center (GVRC) is considered highly secure to in-house the teenagers that have been found offenders and ordered by the courts. However, without proper funding and management, the number of offenders to be in-housed is declining sharply.
Finkel, E. (2015, 05 21). Juvenile Detention Centers: On the Other Side of ‘Lock ‘Em Up,’but Not Quite Trauma-Informed. Retrieved from jjie.org: https://jjie.org/2015/05/21/juvenile-detention-centers-on-the-other-side-of-lock-em-up-but-not-quite-trauma-informed/
Fonger, R. (2012, 10 14). Empty beds: Fewer detained juveniles has Genesee County officials looking for ways to fill center. Retrieved from www.mlive.com: https://www.mlive.com/news/flint/index.ssf/2012/10/looking_for_answers_population.html
Fonger, R. (2013, 03 29). Fewer juveniles at Genesee County detention center prompts talk of change. Retrieved from www.mlive.com: https://www.mlive.com/news/flint/index.ssf/2013/03/low_numbers_at_genesee_county.html
Klein, E. K. (2011). Dennis the menace or billy the kid: An analysis of the role of transfer to criminal court in juvenile justice . American Criminal Law Review Winter 1998, 371- 410.
Rodriguez, P. F. (2010). Reforming Our Expectations About Juvenile Justice. Reclaiming Children & Youth, 19(2), 43-46.