Texas has different Government’s in the State and the Cities. The State is headed by mainly the Republican conservative representatives; on the other hand, the cities have liberal city governments which are often in disagreements over policy decision with the State. There are about 1, 196 cities in Texas, and among the various local governments the city governments play the most active role. The Texas Bill of Rights have vividly described various rights that the individuals living in Texas would enjoy. It has various aspects like equal rights, equality under the law, freedom of worship and freedom of speech, among others.
The plastic ban in Texas has sparked some recent debates from the business sections of the state. The legislation defines a bag as usable when a bag precisely manufactured for numerous utilization, necessitates classification, has a “handle” which can be used for carrying it, created of fabric or other washable clothes or permitted plastic granules. Tough material whether knitted or non-woven, biodegradable plastic with a least viscosity of 4.0 ml.” (Baglaws.com).
There are cases in the Texas Supreme court about the legality of such an imposed ban, and in the case of “Laredo Merchants Association v. The City of Laredo” It is argued by the merchant that the ban overrides the existing laws regulating solid waste (Cobler). I believe that plastic ban is required to preserve the environment, however it must be done consulting all the sections of the society and not clashing with the existing federal or state laws. If the Supreme Court is deciding on the case, the state authorities must cooperate. The spirit of federalism lies in the cooperation of the state authorities with the federal government, and any federal institutions. The debate surrounding the bag ban has raised the debate surrounding the situation where a state legislation overrides other legislations.
Recently the Texas Republican state authority had invited debates declaring the legislation of a legislative bill that would necessitate individuals in government facilities and in government schools to use the bathroom that relates to their “biological sex.” Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick announced the Bill, and there was an uproar, because the bill may hamper the rights of the transgender community to use the bathroom of the gender with which they relate. Civil Liberties Union in Texas has termed the legislation to be an “anti-transgender move”. The Senate Bill 6 will force the transgender to use the bathroom of their “biological sex” forcefully (Ura and Murphy).
The Article 1 Section 3 of the Texas legislations, states that the men all of them who are free, when they form a group in the society, have “equal rights”, and not a single man, or group of men, is permitted to special distinct public rewards, or privileges, apart from the public services that are offered to all without discrimination. Therefore, the new legislation will be in contrast to this article of the Texas Constitution. This will hamper the spirit of the Texas Constitution by demeaning it.
The things I have learnt includes the information about the different areas of administrations that is divided between the local and federal government. The study of the Texas Bill of Rights have given me detailed knowledge about what are the rights of the citizens of Texas. I have increased perception about the spirit of federalism in America.
Baglaws.com. "Bag Laws - Bag Legislation In Texas." Baglaws.com. N.p., 2018. Web. 3 Apr. 2018.
Cobler, Paul. "State Supreme Court Case Could Bring An End To Plastic Bag Bans In Texas." The Texas Tribune. N.p., 2018. Web. 3 Apr. 2018.
Law.justia.com. "Art 1 - BILL OF RIGHTS". Justia Law, 2018, https://law.justia.com/constitution/texas/articles/cn000100.html. Accessed 28 Mar 2018.
Tml.org. "Local Government In Texas". Tml.Org, 2018, https://www.tml.org/Handbook-M&C/Chapter1.pdf. Accessed 28 Mar 2018.
Ura, Alexa, and Ryan Murphy. "Here’S What The Texas Bathroom Bill Means In Plain English." The Texas Tribune. N.p., 2017. Web. 3 Apr. 2018.