United Arab Emirates or UAE is a part of one of the highly water stressed region (Fatherlrahman et al., 2017). This is because of various facts including that the Gulf States do not have any rivers, the left out groundwater is largely run out and rainfall is very minimal in this region. Together, these makes desalination, the only feasible option to provide the country with sustainable and stable access to a long term fresh water and at the same time coping with the continuously growing population that is likely to cross 10 million in the coming years.
Green desalination is a closed loop technology that is implemented with the intention of full recovery of the raw materials and the water from the wastewater effluent. It is a project that aims at delivering a well-proven concept to the salt and water markets (Petrik et al., 2017). This desalination process comprise of lot of wastewater which is at present discharged into the water bodies and is harming the environment, causing environmental degradation, while its resources and energy content goes completely wasted.
Normal desalination refers to the process of extracting the mineral components from the saline water. In other words, normal desalination refers to the removal of the minerals and salts from the target substances. However, green desalination refers to the extraction of the raw materials and the water from wastewater bodies. It involves the process of removing the wastewater that are discharged into the water bodies all around that are influencing the environment and the local habitants (Green et al., 2017). There is no extraction of mineral components specifically from the saline water. Instead, it extracts waste water and the raw materials from the water bodies. The primary aim of green desalination is environment centred.
Advantages- the main advantages of green desalination are as follows:
Disadvantages- The main disadvantages of the green desalination are as follows:
Many desalination plants have been built at present on the territory of United Arab Emirates. The Zam Zam Sweet Water plant, Sidem plant, Mohammed Tayyeb Khoory & Sons plant, United Technical Service plant, the Water bird Water Treatment Chemicals LLC, the Shuweihat Cms Intl Power plant are some of the most notable Desalination plants prevailing in this country. The main advantages of these plants is that there is a zero emission of harmful substances into the earth’s atmosphere and also a provision of the local residents with drinkable water. With the same, it is also to note that the designers of these plants state that the use of solar power would meaningfully decrease the cost of production of fresh water.
Hence, it is clear that there is a scarcity of water in the UAE and the local government of the country is concerned about the same. It has implemented several desalination plants all around the nation to cope up with this problem. Green desalination is really benefiting the environment as well as the local residents by providing them access to drinkable water.
Dhakal, N., Salinas Rodriguez, S. G., Schippers, J. C., & Kennedy, M. D. (2014). Perspectives and challenges for desalination in developing countries. IDA Journal of Desalination and Water Reuse, 6(1), 10-14.
Fathelrahman, E., Gheblawi, M., Muhammad, S., Dunn, E., Ascough, J. C., & Green, T. R. (2017). Optimum returns from greenhouse vegetables under water quality and risk constraints in the United Arab Emirates. Sustainability, 9(5), 719.
Green, L., Abegunde, A. P., Zackon, M., Sanusi, C. Y., & Barnes, J. (2017). Desalination and seawater quality at Green Point, Cape Town: A study on the effects of marine sewage outfalls.
Petrik, L., Green, L., Abegunde, A. P., Zackon, M., Sanusi, C. Y., & Barnes, J. (2017). Desalination and seawater quality at Green Point, Cape Town: A study on the effects of marine sewage outfalls. South African Journal of Science, 113(11-12), 1-10.
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