There have been significant changes in human resource practices due to changing approach and ideologies of people. The present study is focused on the future possibility of change in human resource practices i.e. what if leaders were selected by employees on their own. Study include the impact of this change on various aspects of the organisation.
Implications on Employee
In this approach, each employee has given similar rights to exercise their power directly and choose their leader among themselves. Each and every of an employee of the group receives a fair chance to become a leader (Chelladurai and Kerwin, 2017). This will help to give 100% dedication to the employees in work. With the aim to become a leader, every employee of the group works in efficient and effective manner. It is necessary to choose the leader who is keen to learning and have the potential to motivate their subordinates in the hard times. Further description of implication if leader is chosen by employees is as follows
This approach will satisfy and encourage the employee when they see that their ideas and solution of the problem are implemented. It gives job satisfaction to the employee. Every employee has different expertise and capability from other employee and leader will be chosen on the basis of the potential and performance of the employees (Sparrow, Brewster and Chung, 2016). Employees will be aware of the fact that is important to choose a leader with the aim of future that he will drive the organisation to the goal no matter what the situation is. Further employees will be able to keep organisation interest ahead of their personal interest
Lack of Conflicts
It will reduce the conflict between the employees because they select their leader from consensus. Employees try to overcome their fear and stay dedicated to the leader as well as to the goals of the company. Lack of conflicts helps the organisation to increase their productivity and spend more time towards the production of goods (Knies, Gould-Williams and Vandenabeele, 2015). Further, employees will be required a less supervision from the seniors who will ultimately reduce the cost of the organisation.
Better Workplace Environment
Employees listen to their leader carefully and freely talk about the problems which they faced irrespective of workplace environment or any goal related problem. The leader will accountable to their fellow employees and stay passionate about the work that is given to him by their fellow employees (Armstrong and Taylor, 2017). This approach also provides an environment of informal communication in the company which can’t happen if leaders are brought from outside. Informal communication helps the leader to understand the employees, and it gives a platform to each employee to present their ideas on the various thing that affect the company. It also gives a base to a new employee to think like a leader and prove that they are also important in the organisation. It will change the immoral behaviour of the employees by informal motivations conversation with the employees
Personality or Ego Clashes
Generally, the egoistic issue has been noticed by the employees. This approach will create a security issue among the senior employees who now will be under pressure to follow the order of their junior employee. Some senior employees will try to disturb decision-making process which will affect the goal of the organisation. This unethical behaviour of the employee will undermine others, good employees, too. Employees who are not selected as a leader will try to undermine their co-worker also and affected team morale (Renwick, Redman and Maguire, 2013). These kind employees will create bad workplace environment by passing offensive remarks on another employee which will also lead to disturbs the sense of belongings between employees. Some employees will not be willing to go above their job description to help other due to defeat in leadership task. This type of employee will never give the glory to team member as they feel they are above the team member.
Implications of Human Resource Department
Human resource department of the company must ensure that the leader who is going to be selected has the ability to perform their job with proper guidelines and by avoiding unethical practices. Leaders act as a significant link in the chain of communication thus HR department is required to make sure that appropriate is selected for the leading position (Purce, 2014). It is because; the management depend on the leader to carry out their opinions to the employees whereas the employees depend on the leader to carry out their opinion to the manager. Following implications will be on HR department if employees are empowered to select their leader:
Criteria for Leadership
HR department of the company is required to set minimum criteria for the position of leader to ensure that qualified candidates are selected by employees. It is because selected leader must be fully experienced and has the ability to perform the given task with skill and knowledge. Further, the leader must be capable of dealing with problems and find out the solution efficiently (Brewster and Hegewisch, 2017). They must be a great mentor to those who work under him he must regularly motivate his employees to perform their job effectively and efficiently. To ensure this aspect, there should include a specification for experience, qualification, work performance and track in the company.
HR management must ensure that candidate for leading position must avoid unethical practices during the process of election. Employs must be unbiased towards them and consider their leading by observing their skills and knowledge, not by personal relationships with them. With this approach, manipulation by candidates can be prevented (Marchington, Wilkinson Donnelly and Kynighou, 2016). HR department must also provide a strict warning that if the employee is found for any of unethical activities, then they will be disqualified from the election.
Guidelines for Entire Procedure
For a selection of candidates for election of senior position following aspects are required to be considered by HR department:
- Candidates are able to energise their team by giving them positive energy to the place of work every day (Richter and Wagner, 2014).
- Candidates must value integrity as it will motivate employees and thus create a sense of satisfaction in the organisation.
- They must be a good communicator and a great listener he must be able to convey his ideas in front of the audience (Christensen, Mackey and Whetten, 2014).
- They must be great problem solver and be able to deal with problems and solve them quickly and efficiently
- They must be capable of guiding each and every employee in their team so as to achieve organisation
Human resource management must ensure that the practices adopted by leaders are fair or not along with that the strategies and criteria set by leaders are going well. Leaders must keep on motivating their employees and bring positivity and enthusiasm in them to achieve their and organisational targets (Yidong and Xinxin, 2013). Further, in a situation where selected leader is not capable of completion for given task, then they will be demoted for their position to set an example for other employees to take their leadership seriously. For this continue, the review will be done by human resource department by checking the performance of leaders as well as knowing the experience of their team members.
Implication on Selected Leaders
Leaders selected by the elections having the political platform with the list of the objectives on which they have to work on it and achieve them. Leader will know all the problems and try to solve those problems. If the leader is concentrated on the mission statement then firstly they have to solve the problems of their customers (Rowold, Borgmann and Bormann, 2014). If the leader is not working practically and only assuming the things then it will leads to the wrong mission. So, when the leader is making strategy they have to make sure what their objectives are, and then the leader will be able to develop better strategy instead of considering merely top down aspects. The leader has to do that work in which they are expertise and which make sense for them (Donate and de Pablo, 2015). The leader will talk with their employees from that they will know the feedbacks and due to democratic they will get the honest feedbacks. The main responsibility which leader is heaving of communicates the strategy which they planned and built and carry out the organization. The organizational capability and culture both are builds by the leader (Hoch and Dulebohn, 2013).
In situation where selected leader is emotional than it will leads to the less success of business entity. However, if the measures are emotional then it will increase the success. The character of the organization is sets according to the leader’s mood (Eisenbeiß and Brodbeck, 2014). If the leader is unhappy or they are having any problem from that negativity the organization will not exciting Creative. Emotions flow from the top down and the message you transmit is powerful. If the leader is doing any alteration that must be positive and not emotional
Leader will understate that the “constituent” and as employees will like their leader as they have only elected them. With this approach, leaders will be connected to their teammates and will operate in an effective manner. Further, they will also the genuine reaction to their employees so the understanding incises and it is good for the company (Hassan, Wright and Yukl, 2014). The communication of the genuine leaders is true for ideas, thoughts. The concern and care of the leader is real for the company and their employees. The company will give respect and value to their employee and the employees gives that respect and their better work in return.
In addition to this, the leader will be engaged in transparency as there will be transparent relationship among employees and management. It allows the employees to share their viewpoints and opinions without any hesitation and risk of the unfaithful and dishonesty.
The present study shows that if employees are empowered to make a selection of their leaders, then there will be a significant impact on organisational strategies. This empowerment will provide various advantages and disadvantages to employees as discussed in the study. HR department of the company will be required to be more cautious that correct person is selected as a leader. Further, leaders must perform effectively to justify the trust of their team members.
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