1.Organizational behavior refers to the studies that are conducted on the organization as well as the human behavior within the various settings within the organization. The study of the existing interface that is found to be existing between the concerned organization and the behavior depicted by the humans who have been serving the organization as a part of the workforce of the organization (Lawrence & Lee, 2013). The research in the fields of the organizational behavior might be classified into three different manners that might include the studies that are related to the microlevel studies that are related to the workforce of the concerned organizations, the meso-level studies that might include the various work groups that are existent within the organization and the macro-level studies that are inclusive of the ways in which the organizations might behave at a certain given point of time. The major goal of the organizational behavior is to develop a better concept of the life in the organizations thereby revitalizing the organizational theories.
2.The organizational culture is a system that consists of shared assumptions, beliefs and values that help in the governance of the behavior of the concerned members of the workforce of the organization. The various shared values of the organization might influence the people who have been serving the organization in a very strong manner (Scott et al., 2018). The culture maintained within the organization might have an influence over the ways in which the concerned employees might act, dressing styles. The performance of the concerned members of the workforce of the organization might also be dependent on the matters that are related to the culture that is maintained within the concerned organization. The culture of an organization is known to be influenced heavily by the founders, the executives and the managerial staff of the organization due to the decision-making roles and the strategic direction that they provide to the concerned organization.
3.The Hawthorne studies had been developed as a part of the movement that is related to the human relations within the management of the organization. The Hawthorne studies aimed at the identification of the strengths and the competencies among the various workers that are related to the improvement in the managing, the measuring, the development and the enhancement of the capabilities of the various employees of the concerned organization (Borkowski, 2015). The Hawthorne studies further put forth the fact that the employees of the concern might be motivated by a huge number of the factors excepting those that pertain to the personal financial gains of the concerned employees of the organization. The Hawthorne studies further states that the employees might be motivated better if they are allowed to work together as teams within the organization that might help in the improvement of the overall performance of the company.
4.The findings of the Hawthorne Studies might be compared and contrasted to the various studies that pertain to the theories of organizational behavior. These might include the studies that pertain to the theories of behavior of the human relations that exist within the concerned organization as well as the theories that pertain to the concept of servant leadership that is existent within the concerned organization. The behavioral theory pertaining to the human relations within the concerned society state that the empowerment of the employees helps in providing the necessary motivation to the concerned employees of the organization (Neff, 2017). The servant leadership theory on the other hand refers to the process of viewing the various job processes from the point of view of the employees of the organization (Parris & Peachey, 2013). This might help the leaders in providing the necessary resources to the concerned employees so that they might complete the assigned job roles in a smooth manner.
Borkowski, N. (2015). Organizational behavior in health care. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
Lawrence, P., & Lee, R. (2013). Organizational Behaviour (RLE: Organizations): Politics at Work. Routledge.
Neff, W. (2017). Work and human behavior. Routledge.
Parris, D. L., & Peachey, J. W. (2013). A systematic literature review of servant leadership theory in organizational contexts. Journal of business ethics, 113(3), 377-393.
Scott, T., Mannion, R., Davies, H., & Marshall, M. (2018). Healthcare performance and organisational culture. CRC Press.