1) Provide comprehensive, accurate, and relevant information on the three informatics groups selected.
2) Clearly state the impact the three groups you selected have had on informatics. Be sure to present compelling arguments.
3) Define ranking and provide reasoning for ranked choices.
4) Incorporate history and current position within informatics of the three groups.
5) This ranking will influence how you are grouped for the Collaborative Learning Community assignments in this course.
The three informatics groups that have a high impact on informatics are the Nursing informatics, Physician informatics and the Pharmacy informatics. All of the three are prime important to informatics. The three of them are explained in detail below:
Nursing informatics: This holds the first ranking in Informatics of health care. It is ranked first as it is multidisciplinary field that make use nursing sciences, computer science and information science so as to manage and converse datas, information’s and knowledge of nursing. It is the first as it supports all the areas of consumers, patients, nurse and other staff in the decision making process (Haux, Reinhold, 2010). The support is granted by using information structures, information technology and process. The main areas of it is concept presentation and standards so as to support up the evidence based practices, research practices and education. They are the one which follow research methodologies to generate new knowledge in to the nursing patient care field.
Physician Informatics: The physician informatics holds second rank in informatics field of health care. Physician informatics is one in which the information is used up by the clinicians for the health care purpose. This informatics is second most important as the informaticians transforms the health care in ways to analyze, design, implement and evaluate information and systems so as to enhance the individuals and populations health outcomes, providing greater care to patients, and to strength up the relation between patient and doctor( Richesson, Rachel L., and James E. Andrews, 2012). It is also known as clinician Informatics. In this type of informaticians use up the knowledge of patient and put tools of informatics to assess information and knowledge about health care, develop and implement the clinical process and to continually improve the health information system. In current state the health information tools are developing to promote the efficiency, timely and patient centered care in a equitable manner.
Pharmacy Informatics: The pharmacy informatics holds third rank in informatics field of health care. Pharmacy informatics is the science field that aims on medicine related information and knowledge that is in the health care system (Priest, Lisa, 2008). It includes its storage, analyzing, acquisition, usage, dissemination and in delivering the optimum medicine required for the patient’s health and providing him care. They emphasis on patients safety and care. There aim is to avoid any miscommunication between the patients and the clinician. They aim at reducing all the errors that occur during the medical treatments. It act as a liaison between pharmacy and other department like nursing, information technology, vendors and clinicians. They provide electronic records, electronic prescribing, dispensing cabinets, smart pumps, bar coding etc. Still a lot is done to remove any medical handling errors so as to secure patients health. There are many training programs been made for the clinicians to make better use of the technology.
Health care informatics is a prime field meant to provide health care to the peoples. it is multidisciplinary field that make use of health information technology to provide health care. It involves information science, management science, social science, behavioral science and computer science (D Kalra; T. Beale; S. Heard, 2005). It is of prime importance as it is applied in the areas like alternative medicines, public health, dentistry, nursing, pharmacy, physical therapy etc so as to protect the people and their lives. It involves systems like electronic health records, health information exchange standards and portable medicine data collection device. It is for acquiring, storing, retrieving, and using up the health care information so as to provide better collaboration between the patients and the care providers. There are sub specialties in health care informatics like, clinical informatics, nursing informatics, pharmacy informatics, public health informatics, community informatics, biomedical informatics and informatics for education and research in health and medicine. Al the fields in it are developing fast. The using up of health information in all the areas is helping professionals and providing support. It helps in searching information about health and helping every men and women to gather information even by sitting at home.
A developing and emerging field in it is clinical informatics. In Clinical informatics the information is used up by the clinicians for the health care purpose. Clinica informaticians transforms the health care in ways to analyze, design, implement and evaluate information and systems so as to enhance the individuals and populations health outcomes, providing greater care to patients, and to strength up the relation between patient and doctor. The clinical informaticians use up the knowledge of patient and put tools of informatics to assess information and knowledge about health care, develop and implement the clinical process and to continually improve the health information system. In current state the health information tools are developing to promote the efficiency, timely and patient centered care in a equitable manner. The ABMS gives a physician certification to the clinical informatics by doing a program course (Greengard, Samuel, 2013). Currently it develops data sets that has electronic records and can be integrated with other genomic data’s. For this purpose currently large warehouses are developed. In future clinical informatics will lead organizations to understand the risk and the cost profile and side by side ensuring best care for the patients. The future advantages in the field of oncology and in research informatics are to take place. Development of research educational model is to be developed by clinical informaticians in near future. It is also trying to develop separate patient portals so as to allow every individual to access his/her health status radiology reports and the radiology images easily. The challenges are the lack of information exchanges between the systems like in the field of oncology. It is also facing challenges to create multistep and multi methods for a wide number of patients. The challenge is also making a patient friendly and patient health improving reforms and methods.
D Kalra; T. Beale; S. Heard (2005). The openEHR Foundation. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics 115. pp. 153–173.
Greengard, Samuel (1 February 2013).Communications of the ACM 56 (2): 1719.
Haux, Reinhold (2010). "Medical informatics: Past, present, future". international journal of medical informatics 79: 599–610.
Priest, Lisa (2008-02-18). The Globe and Mail (Toronto).
Richesson, Rachel L., and James E. Andrews. 2012.Clinical research informatics.London: Springer