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What is Health Priority?

Question:

Discuss about the Financial Burden Or Health Hazards To The Victims.

Health priority is a health activity that can be used by medical practitioners during goal planning in medical field. National health priority areas on the other hand are collection of medical conditions that have been given attention by a collection of medical practitioners due to the huge negative effects that such diseases have on humans. These diseases may either cause financial burden or health hazards to the victims. The effects may be so negative in that it takes the intervention of the ruling government to help reduce the effects of the diseases in question. This always occurs due to huge financial burden that comes with it.

This is a medical condition characterised by persistent disorder of the brain. It may come as a result of brain injury that leads to loss of memory, impaired reasoning, and so on. There are several reasons why dementia is a health priority. First, dementia is expensive to cure. A lot of money is used to help reduce the effects of the disease (Bradford, et al, 2009). This means that many people in Singapore are not in a position to manage the effects of the disease. Research points out that the government of Singapore have recently used a lot of money to treat the many affected citizens. Another reason is that dementia affects many people at the same time (Briggs & Buchbinder, 2009). This is because the disease affects people of certain age group. It, therefore, means that citizens who fall under this age group and who have not taken proper measures to prevent dementia are at a high risk of suffering from the same.

Furthermore, statistics show that the world is aging due to the ever increasing number of older people worldwide. This indicates that many people will continue to be affected by this disease as the years increase over time. from a statistical point of view, more than half of the total population worldwide will soon be over 65 years, thus making it easier for many people to be affected (Brooker & Latham, 2015). Furthermore, due to the ever increasing cases of dementia, many caregivers and the society at large see it as a normal aging condition. This, therefore, makes it more difficult for people to identify dementia at its early stages for early diagnosis and treatment. According to medical research, dementia mostly affects people of older age of above 65 years (Chenoweth, et al, 2009). Dementia can, however, be identified by the following symptoms;

  1. Victims have problem when it comes to remembering recent events such as conversations.
  2. Depression as observed in some victims
  • Difficulty in speaking and even walking.

What Are National Health Priority Areas?

According to World Alzheimer Report (WAR) report of 2015, cases of dementia continues to increase despite the efforts that have been put in place to help reduce it (Hilal, et al, 2013). The report further mentions that cases of dementia are highly reported in low and middle income earning countries as compared to rich countries where there are enough financial resources that are easily used to treat and manage the rising cases of dementia (Hilal, et al, 2014). According to the report, there a case of dementia that is reported in every 3 seconds. In 2015, total number of people living with dementia stood at 47 million people. This means that the number has increased to closely 50 million people in the year 2018 alone. As per the trends, it is likely to record 75 million cases of dementia in the year 2030 worldwide. Of the 50 million people, close to 60% stay in poor or low income earning countries, which cannot support themselves to control dementia. This, therefore, gives room for such cases to increase to 75% come the year 2050. The report shows that china and India are leading in the cases of dementia worldwide (Lim, et al, 2011).


Dementia does not affect people of all age groups. This means that younger people and young adults are exempted from this tiresome medical condition. Research shows that dementia affects people of older age. This age group includes people who are 65 years and older. At old age, human body becomes weak thus unable to perform most of the tasks. Dementia takes advantage of this to further destroy the brains of the old people, thus leaving them helpless, especially if they do not have enough money and other financial resources to fight it back (McKhann, et al, 2011). Due to these factors, all countries need to be prepared in terms of resources and financially to tackle dementia any time it is detected (World Health Organization, 2010). This means that every country need to include the disease in health meetings and give the first priority. Research shows that countries to have a sustainable action, where all countries come together and collect resources that are aimed at treating dementia. This way the disease will be detected early by the many expert persons available. Victims will also have a better treatment since there will be enough medications and qualified people to deal with the same both at international levels, national levels and locally within a country (Vaingankar, et al, 2013). The following are the priority areas that need to be addressed in order to handle dementia;

  1. Timely diagnosis – this means that the disease will be diagnosed early before it causes more damage to the bran.
  2. Supporting the caregivers – people who take care of the persons suffering from dementia suffer from stress, lack of enough finances and fatigue. This is because the work involved is too much and takes too much time and money as well.
  • State governments need to come up with legislative guidelines that recognises people suffering from dementia and the compensation that they need to get. The compensation may be in terms of financial support or free treatment (Tew, et al, 2010).
  1. There is a need to do enough research on dementia so that enough information is available. This will help people to know what they are supposed to do anytime there is a reported case of dementia within the community.
  2. People who do the caregiving work are not trained. This means that there are many things they are not doing as per the needed procedures. Therefore, there is a need to train caregivers so that they are able to do the right things at any given time and through correct procedure (Moniz-Cook, et al, 2008).

Why is Dementia a Health Priority?

Conclusion

There are great chances that the whole world will soon be suffering from dementia, given the high rate at which the disease is spreading. Lack of enough financial resources increases the effects of dementia on the victim patient. However, these side effects can be reduced through joint hands. This means that the world need to come together and contribute towards eradication of the same. 

References

Bradford, A., Kunik, M. E., Schulz, P., Williams, S. P., & Singh, H. (2009). Missed and   delayed diagnosis of dementia in primary care: prevalence and contributing factors. Alzheimer disease and associated disorders, 23(4), 306.

Briggs, A. M., & Buchbinder, R. (2009). Back pain: a national health priority area in  Australia. Med J Aust, 190(9), 499-502.

Brooker, D., & Latham, I. (2015). Person-centred dementia care: Making services better with  the VIPS framework. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Chenoweth, L., King, M. T., Jeon, Y. H., Brodaty, H., Stein-Parbury, J., Norman, R., ... & Luscombe, G. (2009). Caring for Aged Dementia Care Resident Study (CADRES) of      person-centred care, dementia-care mapping, and usual care in dementia: a cluster- randomised trial. The Lancet Neurology, 8(4), 317-325.

Hilal, S., Ikram, M. K., Saini, M., Tan, C. S., Catindig, J. A., Dong, Y. H., ... & Qiu, A.  (2013). Prevalence of cognitive impairment in Chinese: epidemiology of dementia in         Singapore study. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry, jnnp-2012.

Hilal, S., Saini, M., Tan, C. S., Catindig, J. A., Koay, W. I., Niessen, W. J., ... &  Venketasubramanian, N. (2014). Cerebral microbleeds and cognition: the        epidemiology of dementia in Singapore study. Alzheimer Disease & Associated  Disorders, 28(2), 106-112.

Lim, J., Griva, K., Goh, J., Chionh, H. L., & Yap, P. (2011). Coping strategies influence   caregiver outcomes among Asian family caregivers of persons with dementia in             Singapore. Alzheimer Disease & Associated Disorders, 25(1), 34-41.

McKhann, G. M., Knopman, D. S., Chertkow, H., Hyman, B. T., Jack, C. R., Kawas, C. H.,         ... & Mohs, R. C. (2011). The diagnosis of dementia due to Alzheimer’s disease:        Recommendations from the National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer’s Association          workgroups on diagnostic guidelines for Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimer's &             dementia: the journal of the Alzheimer's Association, 7(3), 263-269.

Moniz-Cook, E., Vernooij-Dassen, M., Woods, R., Verhey, F., Chattat, R., Vugt, M. D., ... &      Dröes, R. M. (2008). A European consensus on outcome measures for psychosocial         intervention research in dementia care. Aging and Mental Health, 12(1), 14-29.

Tew, C. W., Tan, L. F., Luo, N., Ng, W. Y., & Yap, P. (2010). Why family caregivers choose       to institutionalize a loved one with dementia: a Singapore perspective. Dementia and    Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 30(6), 509-516.

Vaingankar, J. A., Subramaniam, M., Picco, L., Eng, G. K., Shafie, S., Sambasivam, R., ... &        Chong, S. A. (2013). Perceived unmet needs of informal caregivers of people with          dementia in Singapore. International Psychogeriatrics, 25(10), 1605-1619.

World Health Organization. (2010). World health statistics 2010. World Health Organization.

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