Describe about the Health Science for Prevalence of Disease.
The assignment is to study the prevalence of disease. Gallstones are the main reason behind the inflammation of the gall bladder which ultimately results in the formation of the acute cholecystitis. Any specific symptom is not exhibited by the gallstones. However, the most common symptoms of gallstones are abdominal and biliary pain, vomiting and nausea ( de Mestral et al., 2014). The patient who are suspected of having acute cholecystitis should be immediately referred to a hospital. The first line treatment for cholecystitis includes intravenous fluids, fasting and analgesia. Within 24 to 48 hours after the admission in the hospital Cholecystectomy or surgery of the patient can be done in the case of cholecystitis but an alternative of cholecystectomy is Percutaneous cholecystectomy which is safe and can be very useful for the treatment of those acute cholecystitis patient who are unfit or unable to undergo surgery. However in around 20 percent of the cases of cholecystitis, surgery is needed for the treatment.
The Helminthic infection is the main reason behind this biliary disease. The inflammation of the gall bladder is caused by the obstruction of the cystic duct which subsequently results in the acute cholecystitis. If there is a persistence of this type inflammation for long time it may cause perforation or gangrene of the gall bladder (Gurusamy et al., 2013). The diagnosis of acute cholecystitis is done on the basis of the result of the ultrasound scanning. Predominantly the treatment of cholecystitis is surgery but the time of the surgery is under debate.
de Mestral, C., Rotstein, O. D., Laupacis, A., Hoch, J. S., Zagorski, B., Alali, A. S., & Nathens, A. B. (2014). Comparative operative outcomes of early and delayed cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis: a population-based propensity score analysis. Annals of Surgery, 259(1), 10–15. https://doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0b013e3182a5cf36
Gurusamy, K. S., Davidson, C., Gluud, C., & Davidson, B. R. (2013). Early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for people with acute cholecystitis. In K. S. Gurusamy (Ed.), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Vol. 6, p. CD005440). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD005440.pub3