The essay consists of the analysis of the study of the perspective of Elizabeth Freeman. She expressed her views on marriage and referred it as an institution. She mentioned this in her personal diary. Freeman considers marriage to be an everyday matter of life and an ordinary fact of life. She thinks it is not a concept that can be contested. However the U.S culture was not a matter that was to be appreciated by her. She mentioned that according to the culture of the States marriage included two simultaneous incompatible functions. The culture followed by the U.S opined that marriage is the sphere of the protected sexual and the economic interest. Initially Freeman thought marriage as a concept that was regulated by the church and State.
The Christian ideology marriage was something that considered that marriage made the two individuals that are a man and a woman turn into one single flesh (Brake, Elizabeth 2013). As said by Freeman the problem with the use of the marriage as a figure for the liberal democracy was that it had a long structure and it had asymmetrical power relations. The complicated power relations include the unwritten spousal contract which is commonly visible in the promise vows for divorce and separation. Marriage implies the rule of patriarchy. The men had the power to gain control over the economic and the social condition of the society. They had the power of controlling the women. The control of women included the mental domination and the physical domination. She referred it as a form of slavery. She questions the role of marriage as a guarantor of gender identity and sexual hierarchy. There have been many loopholes in the system of management regarding the marriage as an institution. The question that has been put forward by Freeman is regarding the role of the constitution in marriages (Susan, Boyd, and Elizabeth Sheehy 2016). Despite the constitutional separation of the Church and the State, the protestant marriage had a notion of historically prerequisite for belonging to `America`. She continued to ask what the other hierarchical institutions marriage and couplehood by making effort to democratize support for the diverse household structures and emotional bonds that organize the lives of the people (Foyster, Elizabeth 2014).
The first aspect of Midwife Martha Ballad`s Diary in the theme of Courtship and Marriage include that the two of the three marriages in the Ballard household in the year 1792 portraits the basic difference between what was actually required and what the others expect in today`s world. Marriage was a process as told in the diary of Midwife Martha. It has a connection with the essay of Freeman (Rainey, Sarah Smith 2017). She had raised the same concerns in her essay. Marriage and courtship always had a concept that needs to be questioned in the history of America. Marriage was a series of events. It was not a matter of one single day. By law marriage was a bond that needed to be posted in public place for fourteen continuous days and it was announced at three public religious meetings on three different days. The marriage was a necessary concept and there was nothing interesting about it. This had similarity with the views of Freeman. She elaborated in her essay that marriage was a concept that existed plainly. There was no grand concept of marriage. The concept of Marriage was viewed from the orthodox point of view. The institution of marriage in the history of America was something which was thought from a primitive point of view (Dohistory.org 2017).
Source: (Dohistory.org. 2017)
The other aspect of Midwife Martha`s Ballad Diary was the idea of courtship. The courting took place in the confines of work and community. It was interspersed with the daily work where the young people saw each other at some places like the schools, at corn huskings, at dances after quiltings and barn raisings, at Sunday meetings and in the local tavern and also at riding to visit neighbors (O'Neil, Patrick 2017). The young people were found to visit other households to work and there was possibility for them to find friends and companions there.
Source: (Susan, Boyd and Elizabeth Sheehy 2016)
In the essay of Freeman she mentioned the concept of courtship as something which was supposed to be under the control of the community and it must remain under the control of the community and confirmed family ties and it led to a new economic relationship between the two individual. The concept of marriage and courtship was thought from the primitive point of view from the historical. Even after the separation of the constitution from the Church and the State the concept to some extent remained the same for many long years (Kettler, Andrew 2017).
Brake, Elizabeth. "Marriage." The International Encyclopedia of Ethics (2013).
Dohistory.org. (2017). Martha Ballard's Diary Online. [online] Available at: https://dohistory.org/diary/index.html [Accessed 7 Nov. 2017].
Foyster, Elizabeth A. Manhood in early modern England: honour, sex and marriage. Routledge, 2014.
Kettler, Andrew. "Book Review: Elizabeth Hordge-Freeman, The Color of Love: Racial Features, Stigma, and Socialization in Black Brazilian Families." (2017): 263-266.
O'Neil, Patrick W. "" Marriage Trauma" and Homosocial First Aid: Surveillance and Submission among Slaveholding Women." Journal of Women's History 29, no. 2 (2017): 109-131.
Rainey, Sarah Smith. "In Sickness and in Health: Cripping and Queering Marriage Equality." Hypatia 32, no. 2 (2017): 230-246. (2017)
Roan, Jeanette. "Fake Weddings and the Critique of Marriage: The Wedding Banquet (1993), I Now Pronounce You Chuck and Larry (2007), and the Marriage Equality Debate." Quarterly Review of Film and Video 31, no. 8 (2014): 746-763.
Susan B, Boyd, and Elizabeth Sheehy. "Men's Groups: Challenging Feminism." (2016): 5-10.