The history of United States of America from the years of 1850 to 1920 covers the whole reconstruction era including the emergence of industrialization and various labor laws. This essay stresses on the economical, social and diplomatic aspects of that situation. In this time the incessant growth and prosperity in the north and western region of the world has seen the dominance of America in the economic, agricultural and industrial field. Between the years of 1865 to 1900 America has seen the average income of a common labor rising almost 34% considering the inflation rate.
After getting victorious in the civil war, gradually United States has become a very powerful nation having a strong government established there. This reconstruction period brought in the end of one of the most social ills of America and that is slave trading. The slaves got their second class citizenship in the land of America under the ‘Jim Crow’ system that was established for almost 90 years after the implication of the new law. The compromise of 1850 consists of five basic laws regarding slavery, internal slave trading along with Black codes and this was the initial turn of events in the history of America. The individuals with progressive views worked with the mid size organizations and fought against the corruption prevalent in the power structure of America. In between the years of 1865 to 1918, the huge flow of European immigration made it necessary to revise the labor laws of America and this gave a huge boost to the industrial and agricultural sector of America. Abraham Lincoln was one of the leaders of America who directly opposed the tradition of slavery in public and domestic areas. It is a fact that he stood against all the oddities back then and amended an age old rule stating that tradition of slavery should be eradicated from the society and it will not be encouraged to expand the practice of slavery in United States of America.
The reconstruction era of America gave the labors the right to vote in the elections and this was first implemented in the year of 1867. At this time the president of America Abraham Lincoln faced strong opposition from some of his party members who feared that the government would never abolish the slavery form the land and would not at all give up on the Confederate Nationalism and would rather get engaged into restore them from behind the scenes. Thaddeus Stevens was one of the most important policy makers of that era and one of the most influential members of the congress at that point of time. He made some impossible things happen by using his tremendous skills and diplomacy. The most astonishing part in this section is that this reconstruction phase ended in each state of America at different times and finally it ended in the year of 1877. The end of phase of Reconstruction marked the emergence of the civil rights and the liberties of the African Americans. But the shocking part was to see that the whites were considered to be the elite class and the people of African origin were considered as the second class citizens of America. After the industrialization a massive emergence of the labor laws and the labor organizations were seen in America and initially a secret association was built by the employees of Philadelphia garment workers, which included the African American employees as well.
The gilded age was mostly enjoyed by the elites of the American society and it was fueled by the phase of transferring wealth that influenced the social changes dramatically. After various turn of events America got urbanized after the industrialization and the viewpoint of the individuals started to change, for the betterment of the society. Thus to conclude, it can be said that government of America has takes certain initiatives that triggered their people to live a better life and finally government of America was able to restore the power to the people, not only the elite class, but the power shifted towards all the people of America. It can be said that slavery is one of the biggest curses that the citizens of America ever faced and it can be said that as long as slavery was present in the market of U.S, it has brought in several disasters to the humane society and the lives of the people who were directly involved in slave trading and the people who were getting traded by the malicious practice.
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