Minority Group Experiences by 1840
Africans who had been shipped into the Americas were not exempted from the minority groups. The hope for survival was bestowed on the hands of the white American society who had two options; moving in the direction of assimilation or towards self-segregation. The minority groups were overpowered and regarded as inferior who was against their will. They were inhumanely and coercively cultured into the agrarian revolution. The groups did not get any meaningful integration and assimilation into American culture but were cultured without integration.
As the process of acquiring more colonies in America intensified, more foreigners continued to immigrate and settle in America. Some formed significance population groups and gained recognition by the native people. The Irish, Germans and Indians formed a larger portion of the minority group in the United States (LIEBICH, 2008). Many scholars have observed that the dominant groups used their power to control and manipulate the minority groups using their organization. For that reason most Africans moved across the sea in search of white collar jobs in America though they ended up working in farms. The Americans preferred the Africans most because they provided cheap labour.
Most of the Africans were kidnapped, other bought as slave captives while a few were enticed by the Europeans with better jobs overseas. The white had identified a major in Africa in the name of poverty. The Americans preferred the Africans most because they provide cheap labour and due to their dark, they were assumed to have strong immunity, and therefore exposed harsh working conditions. These believe by the Americans got the Africans by surprise and did not auger well to most of them. The African Americans formed the largest minority group after the Native Americans. They formed close to 40 million people which represent approximately 13% of the United States population.
This minority suffered a constant and deliberate injustice for a longer period than other minority group. Africans forms a group that had gained a lot that any other group. The Native Americans forms the oldest groups that have suffered a long history of segregation, discrimination, and exploitation. Many of these groups lived in ill health and poverty. The African Americans were forced into slavery while the Native Americans were forced to reservations. Dred scot propagated the idea that the African Americans could never be U.S citizen while Native Americans were force into Americanization which prevented them from speaking native language.
Many Bostonians took Irish people as a servant race with the females referred to as “bridgets” or “biddys” and males as “paddys”.This names carried derisive connotations. Most of the Irish servants were women and due to slavery and manhandling most suffered from mental illness and were admitted in hospitals more than any other group by 1908. The Irish experience was not easy as they were to deal with bigotry and stereotypes. The Native Americans and some Africans were regarded as distrustful and ostracized for being Catholics. The Irish people were categorized as alcoholic human beings with some stereotype phrases spat on them e.g. “don’t get your Irish up” (Goldman, 1998).
The Germans fled to America due to economic hardships, political unrest, revolution, and rebellion. The Germans had little or no choice in the new land though, unlike Irish a big number of Germans had good sums of money to move to Midwest for farmlands and work. Most the Germans and Irish were Catholics and this formed a major cause of opposition leading to eruption of hostility. It was very bad mostly for Irish group as signs that read NINA – which means ‘No Irish need Apply’. The statement was commonly used to mean most of them worked for nothing but survival. They were subjected to hostility and treated as slaves who never need anything else apart from food and water ("American Philosophical Society", 1840).
The minority operated in hard times with lack access to money reward system and high status position. Information provided in one of the images clearly depicts the type of oppression the African Americans endured with most earning 60% of what the whites earned. Most of the immigrants wanted equal treated with the local natives but were denied the rights. No documented information about them was stored by the government and attempts of acquiring citizen were not taken easy. Threats of deportation befell such groups. Laws were made to allow segregation and identity of minority groups as inferior. There was a lot of oppression of blacks in America, they were not allowed at any time to use the infrastructure used by the whites
American Philosophical Society. (1840). Journal Of Natural History, 5(33), 421-421. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222934009496866
Goldman, K. (1998). Alternatives to Assimilation: The Response of Reform Judaism to American Culture, 1840-1930. American Jewish History, 86(3), 365-367. https://dx.doi.org/10.1353/ajh.1998.0016
Kitano, H. (1993). Minorities in the United States and Japan. Psyccritiques, 38(10). https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/032665.
LIEBICH, A. (2008). Minority as inferiority: minority rights in historical perspective. Review Of International Studies, 34(02). https://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0260210508008012
Minority groups in America in 1840 - Google Search. (2017). Google.com. Retrieved 6 October 2017, from