American History- Condition Of The Native And Neighboring Societies
Thesis Statement: To delve deep into the conglomeration of the New and the Old World
Thousands of years ago, the Native Americans, Africans and European societies were created individually. The people of these societies led a sedentary lifestyle. Christian beliefs tie the societies in a common thread.
Christ is very much present in the life of the Native Americans. Typical evidence of this fact lies in worshipping Christ according to the seasons. Mention can be made of the celebration of the birth of Jesus or winter solstice. Their expression of celebration was through dance, music, drink, visiting friends (Littell, 2017). Viewing it from the other perspectives, these activities were a farewell to the winter by the natives. Herein, the contribution of the peasants is a crucial factor for projecting the celebration of winter solstice. Shearing of the wool was the main occupation of the men peasants, whereas the women were involved in washing and spunning the sheared wool into yarn. Their occupation underwent changes according to the seasons. The peasants possessed strong religious beliefs, which ignited hope in their existentialist struggles (Hollinger, 2013). The major drive behind this was the presence of church in every village. Here, the shrines connected the villagers with the sacred world.
The Native American peasants entered into collaborations and partnerships with the European societies for expanding their trade network (Brown et al., 2015). One of the characteristic features of the trades was slaughtering the animals for feasting in events. This animism added a new and different connotation to the aspect of worshipping. According to animism, the faith of the villagers on objects is projected. This activity affirms the existence of God in every object.
The emergence of Islam was a threat for Christianity. The dominance of Islam compelled the Christian rulers to fight for overpowering the Islam followers. This struggle can be considered as the strive of the Christians to establish a New World. The reality of the previous sentence lies in spreading the Muslim faith in the sub-Saharan Africa by the newly converted Arabs. In response to these protests, the Christian indulged in crusades, to restore Betheleham from the Muslims (Wright, 2017). The guidance and support of Pope helped the Christian armies in combating the power and authority of the Muslim invaders. Mentionable names in this direction are Knight Templar and Teutonic Knights.
The practice of animism nullifies the traditional notion of worship. Worshipping the objects is also an affirmation to the belief that God exists everywhere. Viewing this from the perspective of peasants reflects an appeal for adding meaning to their struggles of existence. However, the battles between the religions destroy the faith of the people over God. This destruction is a distortion to the aspect of creation. Animism enhances the existence of the objects. This practice adds value to the God’s creation. In this perspective, the life of the peasants gets entrapped into traditionalism. These practices merges the identities of the societies aligning with the concept of New and Old World.
Brown, V., Cañizares-Esguerra, J., Dubois, L., & Kupperman, K. O. (2015). The Princeton Companion to Atlantic History. Princeton University Press.
Hollinger, D. A. (2013). After Cloven Tongues of Fire: Protestant Liberalism in Modern American History. Princeton University Press.
Littell, F. (2017). From State Church to Pluralism: A Protestant Interpretation of Religion in American History. Routledge.
Wright, B. F. (2017). American Interpretations of Natural Law: A Study in the History of Political Thought. Routledge.