$20 Bonus + 25% OFF
Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now!

HLSC122 Critical Appraisal Scenarios

tag 0 Download7 Pages 1,717 Words tag Add in library Click this icon and make it bookmark in your library to refer it later. GOT IT
1. What are the esperiences of men with PTSD taking Yoga to improve Wellbeing?
2. How Effective are e-cigarettes compared to other nicotine replacement therapies for smoking cessation in Adults?



Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a health issue that is caused by exposure to traumatic events. The individuals diagnosed with PTSD suffer from physiological and psychological distress (Javidi & Yadollahie, 2012, p. 3). Controversies exist on which is the best treatment method between exposure therapies and the use of complementary methods to address PTSD symptoms. The objective of this critique paper is to appraise the qualitative descriptive study by Jindani and Khalsa (2015) to ascertain the presence of any high-quality evidence that affirms the use of yoga treatment as a complementary approach to treating adults with PTSD symptoms. The evidence is to be used as a basis for convincing Tessor to undertake yoga treatment to alleviate him of PTSD symptoms.

The authors of the article are Farah Jindani and Khalsa with Ph.D. and BA qualifications respectively. A doctorate qualification in healthcare is an acknowledgment of being an expert or consultant in the field of health. This implies that the study findings are professional and inferences made can be relied upon.

Additionally, Jindani who is a Ph.D. holder can influence healthcare policy and procedure. This makes the findings and recommendations more reliable to different stakeholders of interest. JIndani is also affiliated to the Centre of Addiction and Mental Health, Canada; an exposure which enables the author to be updated with the current issues related to mental health even though he doesn’t have professional certification qualification which is essential in the provision of healthcare services.  Khaisa is a BA holder affiliated to the University of Toronto Multi-Faith Centre for Spiritual Study and practice, Canada. Bachelor’s qualification is not regarded as an expert in any field, and this limits her knowledge about the topic under investigation. However, the affiliation with the University of Toronto provides him with the necessary expertise needful for the research.

Since both authors are addressing a research that is relevant to their institutions of affiliation, they may be reluctant or biased in their approach especially if an issue affects the institutions.

Research Aim

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is attributed to psychological and physiological distress. An effective treatment for this disorder has however not been adequately addressed. Studies have shown that exposure therapies usually used for the treatment of PTSD worsen the situation resulting in trauma-related body sensations and an awakening of implicit memories (Cloitre et al., 2010, p. 915). A study by Rauch et al. (2009) found out that exposure therapies reduce the symptoms of PTSD but do not improve the overall health, social, and job-related functioning of the patient.  This has necessitated the need for complementary treatments that focus on both body and mind. Studies have demonstrated yoga as the best complimentary treatment in primary health care as it deals with both body and mind (Köhn, Persson Lundholm, Bryngelsson, Anderzén-Carlsson, & Westerdahl, 2013; Van der Kolk et al., 2014). However, no study has examined the experiences of yoga treatment for PTSD patients, and hence this study aims at exploring the experiences of individuals with PTSD symptoms who are undergoing yoga treatment.

The study adopted a qualitative descriptive study. This is an observational study which describes the occurrence of disease patterns in association with variables such as persons, time and location. A qualitative descriptive approach involves the observation of subjects in a natural and unchanged environment.  Neergaard, Olesen, Andersen, and Sondergaard (2009, p.2) observes that the method is most appropriate when ascertaining the where who and what of a phenomenon and when obtaining information from subjects about an aspect that is not adequately understood. This, therefore, makes a qualitative descriptive approach the most appropriate for the study which is aimed at examining the actual experiences of subjects with PTSD symptoms to ascertain whether yoga treatment is the most appropriate complementary treatment of PTSD symptoms.

Research Methods

The authors used posters, online bulletin, and advertisements to recruit prospective participants. Posters are significant because they can reach a large group of people within a short time. However, their effectiveness is dependent on the initial encounter with the people, which also determines their response.  An online bulletin is most appropriate in reaching a wide population range, but it is limited to those who have internet access only (Bartneck, Duenser, Moltchanova, & Zawieska, 2015, p.10).

Data collection methods included audio-recorded telephone and semi-structured interviews. Audio recordings enhanced data immersion and the closeness of the authors with the data alongside increasing transcription accuracy due to the aspect of reading and re-reading. Telephone interviews enable simultaneous data collection and provide actual information from the respondent. However, the reliability of the data gathered is affected and depends on the mood status of both the interviewer and interviewee (Novick, 2008, p. 395).

Data analysis was done using qualitative thematic analysis and Inductive thematic analysis. The qualitative thematic analysis enabled the researcher to obtain more information about the topic with which little is known. The use of inductive thematic analysis provided the authors with an insight into the opinions or experiences of the respondents of the yoga program (Braun & Clarke, 2014, p. 1).


Results and Study Limitations

Yoga treatment programme produced changes in aspects of health, lifestyle, welfare, views of self-regarding the world, and psychosocial integration. Yoga treatment is an alternative approach to the treatment of trauma and addresses the primary components of PTSD such as mind and body.

The eight-week classes of the yoga programme required individual motivation of the participants to ensure its success. The lack of the personal motivation discouraged others from completing the exercise upon which the findings were dependent on.

The findings from the study by Jindani and Khalsa (2015) are authentic and reliable for various reasons, and hence I would apply them to the clinical practice in the scenario of Tasso. The study findings are based on the real experiences of 40 adult men with PTSD symptoms. This validates the practicality of the inferences made from the study on the effectiveness of yoga treatment in the case of Tasso. Additionally, the authors have used standardized methods and instruments for data collection and analysis. This reduces any possibility of bias which can be caused by the manipulation of analysis outcomes by the researchers (Pannucci & Wilkins, 2010, p. 2). Transcription accuracy was increased through reading and re-reading of the recordings, which further increases the credibility of the findings. The study found out that yoga treatment is an appropriate self-care tool that is significant in alleviation from PTSD symptoms, and the skills can be learned by individuals and individually implemented at home when one is under stress. Moreover, the authors found out that yoga treatment improves ones social, job-related functioning, and social aspects besides reducing PTSD symptoms (Jindani & Khalsa, 2015, p. 406). These findings justify the application of the information from the study in the given scenario and to the clinical question.


The debate on the most appropriate approach in the treatment of PTSD symptoms has led to the increase in the studies focused on examining the best procedure between complementary and exposure treatment. Studies show that exposure treatment is crucial because it reduces PTSD symptoms, however, it is contraindicated for survivors who end up having experiences associated with trauma. Other studies have also demonstrated that body-mind interventions are best suited for individuals with disorders related to stress and mental illness. Furthermore, this study evidently shows that yoga is an approach treatment that is a self-care tool that is comprehensive and is most appropriate in addressing PTSD symptoms because it leads to an improvement in the health, social, and job-related functioning besides reducing PTSD symptoms. This, therefore, makes yoga treatment the best approach in the case of Tassor.



Rauch, S. A., Grunfeld, T. E., Yadin, E., Cahill, S. P., Hembree, E., & Foa, E. B. (2009). Changes in reported physical health symptoms and social function with prolonged exposure therapy for chronic posttraumatic stress disorder. Depression and anxiety, 26(8), 732-738. Retrieved from 

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2014). What can “thematic analysis” offer health and wellbeing  researchers?. International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being, 9. Retrieved from 

Cloitre, M., Stovall-McClough, K. C., Nooner, K., Zorbas, P., Cherry, S., Jackson, C. L., ... & Petkova, E. (2010). Treatment for PTSD related to childhood abuse: A randomized controlled trial. American journal of psychiatry, 167(8), 915-924. Retrieved from 

Pannucci, C. J., & Wilkins, E. G. (2010). Identifying and avoiding bias in research. Plastic andreconstructive surgery, 126(2), 619. Retrieved from 

Javidi, H., & Yadollahie, M. (2012). Post-traumatic stress disorder. The international journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 3(1 January). Retrieved from 

Jindani, F. A., & Khalsa, G. F. S. (2015). A yoga intervention program for patients suffering from symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder: A qualitative descriptive study. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 21(7), 401-408.

Köhn, M., Persson Lundholm, U., Bryngelsson, I. L., Anderzén-Carlsson, A., & Westerdahl, (2013). Medical yoga for patients with stress-related symptoms and diagnoses in primary health care: a randomized controlled trial. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2013. Retrieved from

Bartneck, C., Duenser, A., Moltchanova, E., & Zawieska, K. (2015). Comparing the similarity of responses received from studies in Amazon’s Mechanical Turk to studies conducted online and with direct recruitment. PloS one, 10(4), e0121595. Retrieved from 

Neergaard, M. A., Olesen, F., Andersen, R. S., & Sondergaard, J. (2009). Qualitative description–the poor cousin of health research?. BMC medical research methodology, 9(1), 52. Retrieved from 

Novick, G. (2008). Is there a bias against telephone interviews in qualitative research?. Research in nursing & health, 31(4), 391-398. Retrieved from 

Van der Kolk, B. A., Stone, L., West, J., Rhodes, A., Emerson, D., Suvak, M., & Spinazzola, Yoga as an adjunctive treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder: a randomized controlled trial. J Clin Psychiatry, 75(6), e559-65. Retrieved from


Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2019). Critical Appraisal Scenarios. Retrieved from

"Critical Appraisal Scenarios." My Assignment Help, 2019,

My Assignment Help (2019) Critical Appraisal Scenarios [Online]. Available from:
[Accessed 18 February 2020].

My Assignment Help. 'Critical Appraisal Scenarios' (My Assignment Help, 2019) <> accessed 18 February 2020.

My Assignment Help. Critical Appraisal Scenarios [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2019 [cited 18 February 2020]. Available from:

Maths assignment problems require higher level of analytical skills than other subjects. When you are stuck with personal problems or have simply not understood the topic, solving maths problems becomes difficult. Our math homework help team helps out in such situations. If the deadline is less than some 3 hours and you are thinking who will solve my maths problem, our maths question solvers will aid you with error free solutions, at minimum price. Place order with us now.

Latest Psychology Samples

PSYC231 Personality 2

Download : 0 | Pages : 11
  • Course Code: PSYC231
  • University: University Of Wollongong
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Personality may be defined as the numerous behavioral tendencies, cognitive patterns, traits, emotional patterns and thoughts that make up a person’s character. These traits of personality usually emanate from environmental and biological factors. Personality psychology may be explained as the branch of psychology which deals with the study of personality traits and behavioral patterns that shape human beings. It can be asserted ...

Read More arrow

PSY367 Tutor Marked Assignment

Download : 0 | Pages : 9
  • Course Code: PSY367
  • University: Singapore University Of Social Science
  • Country: Singapore

Answer: Introduction: In this theory they access the effect of stress on an individual on a longer duration of can simply be split into three categories the initial alarm stage followed by the interim resistance stage and finally the exhaustion stage. The steps of growth in stress form start with the basic adrenaline rush that is quite helpful but with time this grows to depression as the high levels of adrenaline result to a hype...

Read More arrow

CPY3326 Adult Development And Ageing

Download : 0 | Pages : 8

Answer: Effect of Ageing Ageing is the inevitable and irreversible process of growing old. Ageing or aging cannot be defined correctly, however, it is widely accepted that it is just a part of an organism or human life cycle in which an individual born, completed his or her childhood, enter the adolescence and at the end of adolescence they grow older and finally die. Ageing is not disease or pathology but it may favor the emergence of variou...

Read More arrow

101381 Child Abuse As A Social Issue

Download : 0 | Pages : 8

Answer: Introduction Child abuse and sexual assault is one of the burning issues in the Australian as well as world scenario. It has been noticed that in Australia the incidents of sexual abuse of children are increasing in spite of implementation of strict rules. It has been monitored that the incidents of sexual abuse of children are increasing along with the passing time. A common phenomenon that has been monitored by the sociologists that...

Read More arrow Tags: Australia Ryde Management USQ Assignments University of Melbourne 

PHIL10631 Introduction To Philosophy Of Mind

Download : 0 | Pages : 9
  • Course Code: PHIL10631
  • University: The University Of Manchester
  • Country: United Kingdom

Answer: A basic income is a regular income received after a certain period as result of work done or service provided during this period. The person who receives this income is entitled to it since they have worked to earn that money.  Unconditional income does not rely on any condition to be fulfilled like in the case of basic income where one has to work for them to receive the payment. The recipients do not have to fulfill any requirem...

Read More arrow

Save Time & improve Grades

Just share your requirements and get customized solutions on time.

We will use e-mail only for:

arrow Communication regarding your orders

arrow To send you invoices, and other billing info

arrow To provide you with information of offers and other benefits




Overall Rating



Our Amazing Features


On Time Delivery

Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.


Plagiarism Free Work

Using reliable plagiarism detection software, only provide customized 100 percent original papers.


24 X 7 Live Help

Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat.


Services For All Subjects

Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.


Best Price Guarantee

Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.

Our Experts

Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

154 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Harold Alderete

PhD in Economics

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

798 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Benjamin Blakeman

MSc in Medical Technology

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

285 Order Completed

99% Response Time

Eugene Baranowski

MBA in Supply Chain

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

752 Order Completed

100% Response Time

Hugh Cleave

Masters in Human Resource Management (MMgt, HRM)

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me

FREE Tools


Plagiarism Checker

Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.


Essay Typer

Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.


GPA Calculator

Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.


Chemical Equation Balancer

Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.


Word Counter & Page Calculator

Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.

Refer Just 5 Friends to Earn More than $2000

Check your estimated earning as per your ability




Your Approx Earning

Live Review

Our Mission Client Satisfaction

I\'m really impressed with the way you help me to handle my assignment and with the results. Good job.Thank you. I definitely recommend your services.


User Id: 351207 - 18 Feb 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Thank you very much. The answer was great. I got a very good grade in my assignment. I hope to deal with u again


User Id: 9262 - 18 Feb 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Awesome quality of work and presentation 100% satisfied with work and will contact in the future.


User Id: 359998 - 17 Feb 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

it\'s not graded yet but i\'m sure i\'ll receive a very good grade! everything is perfect as described and as submitted! i\'ll surely bring more business to this website!


User Id: 375374 - 17 Feb 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating
callback request mobile
Have any Query?