Alcoholism has been defined as the inappropriate condition that results when excess of alcohol is consumed. In the journal, Yeh et al., (2013) wanted to show the impact of consumption of excessive alcohol in the region of Taiwan. In order to carry out the study, focus had been made on the primary research rather than secondary analysis. It is by the means of understanding the situation of the family of Taiwan, the study has been framed. As pointed out by, Yeh et al., (2013), parental alcoholism creates a severe effect on the children of a family. It has been observed that these children often have to suffer from low-esteem, loneliness and even the fear of abandonment. This automatically creates a negative impact and the children grow up resembling their alcoholic parents.
Reading Cox et al., (2015) it has been found that the impact of alcoholism even results in the creation of a chaotic situation where the members of the family have to suffer due to a single person addicted to alcohol. In the study, the author had mainly focused on various case studies where the impact of excessive alcoholism has resulted in a situation where the children of the family have to suffer. Even, it has been observed that the parents do not make any effort to improve the condition of the family and as a result of which, the family as a whole has to suffer.
However, the research methodology will also be examined in the research based on research design, data collection method and research instruments.
2. Problem statement and justification:
This research focuses on the issue of domestic violence that is faced by mostly the woman and children of the family. Excessive consumption of alcohol among the people results in increase in the cases of domestic violence. This is a major issue faced by the people of Taiwan, hence mitigation of this problem has become a social urgency.
3. Lens of focus
In order to carry out the study, public engagement lens can be used. As the research topic is related to the impact of alcoholism on others, it is important to discuss with people and understand the situation from their end (Ancona et al., 2013). However, by the mean of secondary research, various case studies can be evaluated that would provide a clear framework and understanding of the situation. In addition to this, the researcher mobility lens can also be used for the analysis of the study.
4. Literature review:
The relationship between consumption of alcohol and various forms of abuse and violence have been strong since ages. Consumption of alcohol has been cited as one of the major reasons for violence towards the family members as well as intolerance and negligence towards them. According to Devries et al., 2014, one of the prevailing myth that is believed about domestic violence is that consumption of drugs or alcohol provokes the tendency of abuse to the feeble ones around the person. Most of the time, the victim is either the wife or the lady of the house or the children. The excessive consumption of alcohol often justifies the action of violence and the person might escape penalty or required punishment. This escape of the required punishment gives the confidence to the abuser and he in turn escalates his power and sensibility of the consumer, and hence he fails to perceive the things that should abuse and violence towards his family.
As mentioned by Sønderlund et al. (2014), alcohol has an adverse effect on the reasoning be done or avoided. Moreover, alcohol being an expensive liquor increases the burden of expenses on the family and this in turn results in the unacceptable behavior of the person consuming alcohol. Excessive consumption of alcohol causes temporary distortion of the thinking ability of the person thus resulting in his engagement of the abuse and violence. However, as mentioned by Lippy & DeGue, (2016), a large quantity of alcohol tends to increase the sense of dominance in the person, and he tries to control everything and everyone around him. This results in domestic violence and abuse in the quest to control everyone. Some of the eminent researchers are of the opinion that abuse might increase the levels of aggressive responses with the lower levels of neurotransmitter serotonin.
According to Madruga et al. (2017), there might be a correlation between the increase in the risk of violence and consumption of alcohol. Alcohol misuse has been found in a very high proportion among the people who penetrate domestic violence and engage in sexual assault as well as other forms of criminal offences. Excessive consumption of alcohol increases sexual assault and the tendency towards various criminal offences other than domestic violence. Most of the cases reported of domestic violence or violence against woman, a close intervention revealed that the abuser had consumed excessive alcohol and was not in the sound state of mind (World Health Organization, 2013). Thus, along with various other factors such as poverty, personality trait, alcohol is one of the main causes that lead to abuse, sexual assault and domestic violence. This is a prolonged issue and might be controlled with responsible drink and alcohol consumption habits. Moreover, with the intervention of the law and the government policies, this issue could be mitigated or curbed down to a large extent. The reviewed literature highlights that alcohol has a strong and significant effect on domestic violence, sexual assault and affects the marital relationship and family life to a large extent.
5. Gap of literature:
With the analysis, the impact of alcoholism has been understood. However, focus has been made on the impact of the family members due to a single person, mainly the male head of the family. The researches have showed the impact of alcoholism on children, wife and even other member. The gap of the literature remains on the part of understanding the impact of alcoholism on the friends and distant family members. It has to be understood that one’s family and relationship is not limited to the inbound walls of residence but one has to deal with others as well. Therefore, the aim of the study will focus on the impact of alcoholism on friends and other distant family members of the person addicted to alcohol.
6. Research Methodology
6.1 Research design:
The research design explains the way in which the data is collected and then the design reveals the range and extent to which the research procedure is needed. It is a systematic way to underline the type of study that is, whether exploratory, descriptive or casual.
Exploratory research: It is a research to gain the insight of a topic. It starts with general idea and uses the research data as a tool for identifying the issues to focus on the future research.
Descriptive research: This method of research is designed to describe the participants of the research in exact way. It is carried out to fulfil various objectives of the research. This type of research follows a specific pattern and is not flexible by nature.
Casual research: This kind of research is carried out with respect to the common characteristics of the business. It is carried out to fulfil the objectives of the research bay taking into account various problems of the research.
The various data methods used in the research design are primary research and secondary research.
- Primary research: under this kind of research the data is collected personally, usually through interviews, surveys, questionnaire or any other way through which the researches can obtain the feedback, for example, blogs and social media are effective way to collect feedback from people.
- Secondary research: It is the synthesis and analysis of primary research that already performed at earlier date. The data under secondary research may be collected from magazines, journals, various websites and old reports.
Justification for Descriptive Research Design
The research design selected for the research is descriptive in nature based on secondary as well as primary research where the synthesis of various studies as well as journal have been considered based on facts and figures illustrated. Moreover, the research will also carry out responses from the selected sample based on the effects that alcohol has on domestic violence.
6.2. Research instrument:
The research method underlines the basic factors in collection of data. The research can be differentiated as quantitative approach and qualitative approach.
1. Quantitative approach: This method highlights the mathematical or numerical analysis of data that are collected by conducting surveys, distributing questionnaires, polls or through manipulation of the existing statistical information by using the computational approach. This approach focuses on collecting the numerical data and simplifying it among the group of people. This type of research is usually performed by hypothetical data. The procedure are deductive in nature as the scientific knowledge are used for testing the hypothesis. The main characteristics of this approach are:
- The date is collected through applying the structured research technique
- The researcher use the tools like computer software or questionnaire to accumulate the numerical data
- The outcomes are based on the bigger sample size that presents the total population
- The research can generally be repeated or replicated as the reliability is high.
- The researcher has clear concept about the research question to which the answers are to be sought
- The collected data are arranged in the form of charts, tables, figures and other non-textual form.
- The data can be used to make the concept wider for predicting the future outcomes or examine the casual relationship (Planing, 2014).
2. Qualitative approach: Under this approach, an interpretive and naturalistic method is used for data analysis. The data collection under this method is open ended. This approach describes the purpose of the research, the duties of the researcher, method of analyzing the data, stages of the research, either implicitly or explicitly. Four major approaches of qualitative approaches are:
- Ethnography – This approach largely come from the anthropology field. The prominence is on evaluating the whole culture. The design of culture is tied with the characteristics of geographic location and ethnicity. It is an exceptionally big area with a large variety of expertise and approaches. However, the most frequent approach is the participant observation as the part of the field research
- Phenomenology – This is considered as philosophical perspective as well as the approach to qualitative methodology. It is carried on based on the research disciplines in the field of sociology, psychology and the social work.
- Field research – It is considered as a broad approach for gathering the data for the research. The required data collected through going into the field to identify the data. Due to this, it is expected to be the most related method for participant’s observation (Savin-Baden & Major, 2013).
Justification for Mixed Research Instrument
The research instrument will be based on qualitative as well as quantitative in nature. The qualitative nature will be accounted for the discussed effect of alcohol on domestic violence based on secondary data. On the other hand, primary data collection will carry forward using the views of the respondents and the effects that had been prolonging to family, friends and others.
An analysis and literature review has been carried out on the impact of alcoholism on domestic violence. A number of journal articles related to the topic of discussion have been reviewed. On the basis of analysis, the gap in the literature has been identified that shall be the topic of discussion for future studies. However, descriptive research design with primary as well as secondary data collection method has been considered using mixed research instrument for proper analysis as well as synthesis of the results.
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