What are some of the main features of architectural styles from ancient Greece and the Roman Empire?
Various reproductions and imitations of the Roman Empire and ancient Greece can be witnessed in today’s society. Even though the era of such great empires has passed, individuals in the 21st century are still able to acknowledge and honor their legacy with their everlasting influences in contemporary architecture (Rodgers, 2013). Ancient Greece is usually considered to be the cradle of the Western world, whose influence can be seen through the facades of buildings such as the Prado Museum in Madrid, and the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. (Miles, 2016).
Some of the main features of architectural styles from ancient Greece constitute the Doric Order, the Ionic Order, and Corinthian Order. The former constitutes columns that are baseless, a simple capital, and a frieze characterized by metopes and triglyphs that alternate (Rodgers, 2013). The Ionic has columns with bases, a solid frieze, and scrolled capitals, while the Corinthian Order has slender columns crowned with elaborate capitals taking the form of stylized acanthus leaves (Miles, 2016). It also features decorative moldings, and ornately sculpted friezes.
On the other hand, it is no surprise that the vast nature of the Roman Empire left different countries highly influenced by their infrastructure and architecture. Some of the main features of the era’s architectural styles constitute of arches, domes, and columns (Rodgers, 2013). France particularly drew most of its architectural inspiration from the Roman Empire architectural style. The American White House is another good illustration of Roman influences in the columns and arches on the exterior
Top of Form
Miles, M. M. (2016). A companion to Greek architecture. Chichester: GB” Wiley Blackwell, cop.
Rodgers, N. (2013). The architecture of ancient Rome: An illustrated guide to the glorious classical heritage of the Roman Empire. Wigston, Leicestershire: Lorenz Books.
Bottom of Form