country
$20 Bonus + 25% OFF
Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now!

Question:

Discuss about the ICT Ethics for Deontology Theory.

 

Answer:

Introduction

The ethics is important in every aspect of life (Schwalbe, 2015). In addition to this the ethics are important for every filed and every type of profession and the field of information technology is no exception. In addition to this the ethics in a field or profession can be judge by certain rule of ethics. These rules are mentioned in the classical ethical theories. There are four theories of the classical ethical theories. The Utilitarian Theory, The Deontology Theory, The virtue Ethics and The Contact theory of ethics are the set of rules to judge an incident. There have been several cases has have raised a question mark over the ethical theories.

This report deals with such an issue. The report provides the discussions regarding the ethical issues related to the driverless cars.

The report contains the background of the ethical issue and the situation that is at hand at this moment of time. In addition to this the classical theories of ethics are also discussed and the violation of the theories are also discussed in the report.

Background of the Situation

There has been a huge improvement in the field of information technology and in addition to this there has been improvement in different sectors of the information technologies. Among the important ones are the advancement in the Artificial Intelligence. There has been a huge improvement in this field and using this technologies there has been the emergence of the self-driven driverless cars (Pendalya & Bhat, 2014). Various companies are looking to implement these cars into their businesses. The main pioneer of these cars have been Google. Although there are various other companies that are looking to introduce their product to the market with Google. But, there are some issues with the cars that has to be solved yet. And this has been raising a number of issues of the society and the people both ethically and unethically. In the article “Who is Responsible for the Self Driving Car Crashes?” released on May 1, 2016 by the Scientific American it has been said that, the on the valentine’s day there had been crash that included one of the driverless cars. Now, the driverless cars are very efficient but the issues are raised when there is a case of a accident. The main issue is if there is an accident who is the person that is to be blamed. There are huge damage due to an autonomous vehicle damage. The damage that was caused by the accident was not the first instances of accidents that were caused by the driverless cars. However this was the first instances in which the damage was caused by non-human error. Hence, there came the issues about the blame for the incident. The people who were to be blamed were the owner of the car, and also the programmers who programmed the AI. But technically the AI was not wrong and hence the case of ethics come up here in this situation. Hence, making the decision about who is to prosecuted becomes very difficult. In addition this the ethical issues that are raised in this situation would be violating the classical ethical theories:

The Utilitarian Theory

The theory basically involves the concepts of maximum utilization of the resources and the keeping the maximum number of people happy from in any kind of situation. In addition to this they are also making sure that everyone receives equal opportunity and also in equal utilization of resources (Chi et al., 2014). The case which is at hand does not fall in accordance to the theory. The AI or the machine that is implemented in the cars are affecting all the humans that concerned with the situation. In case of blaming the person responsible for the issues, the accuracy in identifying the offender has not been obtained. Hence, the Utilitarian theory is violated in this issue of ethics.

 

The Deontology Theory

The deontology theory involves the concept of providing the people with equal rights and being dutiful towards the common people (Paquette et al., 2015). According to the deontological theory in this issue the Artificial Intelligence that is used in the cars should be keeping in mind about the safety of the all the human beings that are involved with the situation. Hence, there should be no case of accidents in which the AI are involved but this not the case and hence, the deontology theory of the classical ethical theories are violated in this case.           

The Virtue Ethics Theory

The virtue ethics is concerned with the morality concept of a person (Hursthouse, 2013). According to the theory is believed that a person who is morally would generally not commit any kind of mistake or unethical behavior at the workplace or in their field of work in whichever they are implemented in. In the present scenario the driverless car cannot guarantee the safety of all the people that are around in case of an accident. There are ought to be some casualties and hence the AI might be designed to be morally correct does to serve the purpose to provide their duty to all the humans that are involved with the situation. Hence, the deontology theory is violated in this situation.

The Contact Theory

The Contact theory is involved with the justification and the morality issues of the situation. They also involve the concepts when something is created or developed so that it should not have any kind of constrains that are involved with the development of the system or in case of decision making of a situation (Magelssen et al., 2016). According to the contact theory the people should be receiving the correct judgment and only on the basis of their actions. But in the present situation it is very difficult to judge the offender. If the manufacturer is prosecuted then it would be harsh on him. In addition to this if the programmer is prosecuted it would be harsh on him. And hence, the contact theory is violated in this situation.

Recommendation

The following recommendations can be provided for the improvement of the technology and also for better implementation of it.

Improved AI: The sensors and the artificial intelligence that is implemented by the coders should be improved immensely so that this kind of accidents do not take place in the future.

Improvement in the policies: Some kind of policies should be implemented so the real culprit behind the accidents can be identified with the policies or the ethical codes and the common people do not suffer. In addition to this, the compensation policies should also be enhanced.

Testing before implementation: The cars should be tested thoroughly and safety measures implemented in the cars should undergo hardcore testing before being sent on road.

More precaution by the rider: In addition to all these the people should be thoroughly aware of the consequences before availing their ride.

Conclusion

For conclusion it can be said that, the report has been used to describe the recent issues about the driverless cars. In addition to this, the report also provides the details of the ethical theories and the instances on which the situation violates the theories. In addition to this some recommendations have also been provided for the improvement of the technology.

 

References

Broad, C. D. (2014). Five types of ethical theory (Vol. 2). Routledge.

Chiu, C. M., Wang, E. T., Fang, Y. H., & Huang, H. Y. (2014). Understanding customers' repeat purchase intentions in B2C e?commerce: the roles of utilitarian value, hedonic value and perceived risk. Information Systems Journal, 24(1), 85-114.

Guillén, M., Ferrero, I., & Hoffman, W. M. (2015). The neglected ethical and spiritual motivations in the workplace. Journal of business ethics, 128(4), 803-816.

Hursthouse, R. (2013). Normative virtue ethics. ETHICA, 645.

Magelssen, M., Gjerberg, E., Lillemoen, L., Førde, R., & Pedersen, R. (2016). Ethics support in community care makes a difference for practice. Nursing Ethics, 0969733016667774.

Paquette, M., Sommerfeldt, E. J., & Kent, M. L. (2015). Do the ends justify the means? Dialogue, development communication, and deontological ethics. Public Relations Review, 41(1), 30-39.

Pendyala, R. M., & Bhat, C. R. (2014). Activity-Travel Behavior Impacts of Driverless Cars. In 93rd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board.

Richtel, M., & Dougherty, C. (2015). Google’s driverless cars run into problem: Cars with drivers. New York Times, 1.

Schwalbe, K. (2015). Information technology project management. Cengage Learning.

OR

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2018). ICT Ethics: Deontology Theory. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/ict-ethics-deontology-theory.

"ICT Ethics: Deontology Theory." My Assignment Help, 2018, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/ict-ethics-deontology-theory.

My Assignment Help (2018) ICT Ethics: Deontology Theory [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/ict-ethics-deontology-theory
[Accessed 08 April 2020].

My Assignment Help. 'ICT Ethics: Deontology Theory' (My Assignment Help, 2018) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/ict-ethics-deontology-theory> accessed 08 April 2020.

My Assignment Help. ICT Ethics: Deontology Theory [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2018 [cited 08 April 2020]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/ict-ethics-deontology-theory.


MyAssignmenthelp.com has appointed best assignment experts who are wizards of words. Our writers know every trick of crafting high quality write-ups within a short period. With years of experiences, we have become one of the most prolific assignment help services in the USA. We deliver custom-made help to students with writing different types of assignments. We guarantee total need-based and timely service, and this is why increasing numbers of students prefer to buy assignment online.

Latest Management Samples

BUS106 Marketing Principles For Designing And Production Of Boats

Download : 0 | Pages : 6

Answer: Introduction OzCo Boats is a family-owned boat building industry based in Coffs Harbour, situated in New South Wales has been operating since 1961. It builds high quality and luxury boats that are made from traditional material. In the current scenario of technological developments, they have to embrace innovative technologies to compete with its competitors and needs to transform its traditional methods of production. If it is contin...

Read More arrow

MBA502 Professional Workshop For Self Awareness And Work Performance

Download : 0 | Pages : 7
  • Course Code: MBA502
  • University: Kaplan Business School
  • Country: United States

Answer: Part one  Chosen topic- Self awareness (From workshop week 2) Activity name Description   Time needed   Expected Outcomes   Things to consider (instructions)   Expected barriers   1. Adjective game  This activity is about giving an adjective to own self and to others and then to see whether self given adjectives and the adjectives chosen by others ...

Read More arrow

BUSN20017 Communication In Business For Email And Employment Letter

Download : 0 | Pages : 9
  • Course Code: BUSN20017
  • University: Central Queensland University
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Introduction: Communication is used for the information transformation between different sources. It has different types such as verbal, non-verbal. There are many things to communicate for some purpose. Professionalism is require a better communication for fulfill the basic requirements in business. Business communication is playing a key role in a life of professional person for their professional work.     This essa...

Read More arrow

ACC202 Fair Value Accounting For Financial Assets And Economies

Download : 0 | Pages : 7

Answer: Fair Value Accounting Mark to Market or Fair value accounting shows the current price or the potential of the asset in the market. Assessment of fair value accounting is one to reflect economic reality in the corporate environment. The fair value shows the potential price in which the asset can be bought or sold in respect of the cash flows or the economic benefits flowing from the asset (Goh et al. 2015). The cons and pros of ap...

Read More arrow

BZ100 Introduction To Business And Management

Download : 0 | Pages : 4
  • Course Code: BZ100
  • University: Victoria University
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Learning from case study I was able to learn with the help of the case study that Telstra which is a provider of the mobile phones along with broadband internet focuses on strategies that help in protecting the community. The knowledge was gathered through the case study that getting involved with the local communities can help an organization in surviving within the competitive environment. The fostering of the inclusive communities ...

Read More arrow
Next
watch

Save Time & improve Grades

Just share your requirements and get customized solutions on time.

question
We will use e-mail only for:

arrow Communication regarding your orders

arrow To send you invoices, and other billing info

arrow To provide you with information of offers and other benefits

1,247,995

Orders

4.9/5

Overall Rating

5,068

Experts

Our Amazing Features

delivery

On Time Delivery

Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.

work

Plagiarism Free Work

Using reliable plagiarism detection software, Turnitin.com.We only provide customized 100 percent original papers.

time

24 X 7 Live Help

Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat.

subject

Services For All Subjects

Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.

price

Best Price Guarantee

Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.

Our Experts

Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

1692 Order Completed

98% Response Time

Alfred Dodd

PhD in Computer and Information Science with specialization in Database

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

752 Order Completed

100% Response Time

Hugh Cleave

Masters in Human Resource Management (MMgt, HRM)

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 4/5

3076 Order Completed

99% Response Time

Emily Wei

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) in Civil Engineering

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

2632 Order Completed

100% Response Time

Albert Ambrosio

MSc in Nursing

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me

FREE Tools

plagiarism

Plagiarism Checker

Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.

essay

Essay Typer

Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.

edit

GPA Calculator

Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.

referencing

Chemical Equation Balancer

Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.

calculator

Word Counter & Page Calculator

Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.

Refer Just 5 Friends to Earn More than $2000

Check your estimated earning as per your ability

1

1

1

Your Approx Earning

Live Review

Our Mission Client Satisfaction

I hope I get good mark! I hope I get good mark!I hope I get good mark!I hope I get good mark!I hope I get good mark!I hope I get good mark!

flag

User Id: 392150 - 08 Apr 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

HANDED IN ON TIME THOUGH GAVE A VERY SHORT TIME TO DO SO. THE WORK WAS WELL DONE TOO!!

flag

User Id: 194216 - 08 Apr 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Always impecable work. I super reccoment this service to anyone. The quality of work and agile delivery are the high points.

flag

User Id: 396689 - 08 Apr 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

this was an excellent assignment I cant understand how the assignments can differ in presentation, is it that some writers are trained and some are not.

flag

User Id: 315260 - 08 Apr 2020

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating
callback request mobile
Have any Query?