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Immigration Policy And Immigrant Quality

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Discuss about the Immigration Policy and Immigrant Quality.



The essay focuses on the comparison and distinguishes two different applications on migration legislation of the Australia and New Zealand. Firstly the migration policy on business skills discusses on the legislation of Australia. 

The permanent migration program of business skills (BSM) is a dynamic concept in the expansion of migration law in Australia. The country like Australia designed such migration program to allow and encourage the migration of business oriented migrants in order to establish economic benefits out of it.  The country follows norms of non-discriminatory immigration policy that is such immigration policy does not regard the grounds of sex, caste, creed and colour[1].

The key benefits of Business Skills Migration (BSM) include encouragement on settlement of business tycoons and to utilise their productive business traits in the development of the business industry in the country. The BSM Policy plays a vital role in establishing, managing and investing a new or an existing business industry in Australia. The program mainly accelerates the business of overseas owners, senior executives and the investors. The business migrants also support in improving a national immigration system of the country and provide promotion of welcoming more numbers of prominent skilled professionals to Australia.

On the other side, the migration law for business migrant category of New Zealand deals with certain dominating factors such as policy set out the criteria of migration according to business migrant’s qualifications, work profile and the opportunity of the business. The New Zealand migration law believed to implement basic criteria to test skills of business migrants.

The country like New Zealand believes changes in the migration law for skilled migrant category by imposing changes in the old point system of automatic selection in the number of category. The New Zealand encourages the employment of business migrant’s at all basic level of small and large businesses and aim to provide higher monetary values to those business migrants.  

The application of migration law in Australia and New Zealand deals with following comparison in it. Firstly, the Australia BSM programme classified mainly three broad categories of business migrants that are general skilled entrepreneurs, employer oriented nominations and lastly one has distinguished talent or skill in business. On the contrary, the New Zealand BSM programme does not provide broad classification but introduce welcoming steps mainly of investors and point based system to afford opportunity for skilled individuals to acquire everlasting residency in NZ.

In [2] the case of Cheung, the court held that business migrant category does not include the permit of business visas for business entrepreneur’s family unless family is involved with a business interest under criteria of [3] Australian Migration law.

While, the Migration law of New Zealand accept its business valuation of the business migrants’ experience on a minimum term of three years before permitting to be a permanent business resident in its recent case of AW (Migrant Business Investor) [4] under the guidelines of business migrant investor type 2 category of the NZ legislation[5]. 

Australia and New Zealand are considered as universal players in regard to business skilled migration programme. In the recent era, both the countries have worked on many perpetual residencies in immigration policies for business migrants. The purpose to implement such programmes is to segment mainly two significance objectives that is one is to build nation and another is to boost fiscal or economic development.

By the year of 2014 Australian and New Zealand approaches had adapted to a notable mark on the research evidence of national and international law. Both the Australian and New Zealand government objects is to draw attention on the ‘the finest and brightest’ scheme in business skilled migrants which is capable of safeguarding prompt and evidently provide a beneficial economic outcomes.

In the recent times, the Australia and New Zealand immigration department united mainly eight approaches in relation to business migration programme. Firstly, it focuses on arranging movement of fiscal growth. Secondly, the immigration law differentiated the sources of skill levels in every individual business migrants. Thirdly, it polished the points system to expand minimizing the exploitation of small entrepreneur’s opportunities. Fourthly, it aims to reinforce county migration benefits to reassure more distributed patterns of settlement for business migrants. Fifthly, it boosted global business tycoon’s employments in order to increase prospective resources for skilled business migrates. Sixthly, it stretched short term labour migration in order to establish a developing national. Seventhly, it heightened ambit for two-step migration process for temporary business migrants and for their family. Lastly, it put endeavours to minimise abuse of BSM program through the introduction of more comprehensible and translucent selection system[6].


In terms of comparison and contradiction, the Australian Migration Law having more successful and effective policies on BSM programme as compared to New Zealand Migration Law. For instance- The Australian Government has introduced a new pathway for business migrants of New Zealand by providing an option like employer nominated subclass 186 visa where age limit for direct entry of visa applicants has been decreased to the limit of 45 years and increase in the competency test for English transition system and also provide possible changes in the lists of skilled visa programs. Such (189 visa) create a stepping stone in announcing a new way to perpetual residency for every New Zealand citizens who presently living in Australia as business migrant. This new visa 189 became offered from first July of present year for New Zealand citizens contributed commitment and dedication in Australian economy for the last five years[7].

In Australia governments was in a position at once struggling to liberalise supremacy of business skill migration through ways of extending liberty of trade in order to safeguard essence of business affairs and stop falling in the number of business migrants who were undergoing with an issue of lack of perpetual settlement consequences. However, the present picture of Australian temporary and long-standing terms of business migration programs is no more matter of persistent examination to determine the negative outcomes in Australia. 

Whereas, the Immigration law of New Zealand has been viewed as a necessary element somewhat other than an optional choice in the country since 1840s. The concept of migration law has often created the limits between short-term and long-term migration programmes and forms a blurred picture. The issue of Labour migrations from country like New Zealand are often constructed on triadic relationships between global disparities among self-identified indigenous associations, the national conditions and circumstances where such association live, and lastly the native country conditions and circumstances where they or their ancestors arose.

The three keys for skilled business migration programme are offered mainly three approaches. Firstly, it enables an access of permanent skilled migrants more efficiently for purposes of national assets. Secondly, the Short-term funded employees nominated to work in good positions of any prominent company for up to term of four years. Lastly, the Australia focuses mainly on global business migrants who possess potential of skilled business traits in it[8].

The business skilled migration strategy will always considered as a challenge for both Australia and New Zealand in a situation where global business migration is a major spectacle. The temporary movement of business migrants is a most highlighting issue in current time whereas the convenience provided to those countries which can changes the demand level for another. The vitality of these business migration trends, the government for both Australian and New Zealand with practical migration policies is indulged to amend their entrance policies. The migration law must encounter those difficult factors of business immigration programme in order to achieve ultimate goal of developing economy of a nation.

Therefore, it is clear from the above analysis between Australia and New Zealand that the business migrants establish a durable inclination in regard to business skills permanent residence migration program. There has been a strong contradiction and comparison formed between the Austria and New Zealand on the basis of above statistics of research evidence.



Paul, Miller. "Immigration policy and immigrant quality: The Australian points system." (2009) 192-197.The American Economic Review 89, no. 2

Fang- Siew Law. "Recruiting international students as skilled migrants: the global ‘skills race’as viewed from Australia and New Zealand." (2007): 59-76 Globalisation, Societies and Education 4, no. 1.

Graeme, Hugo "Migration policies designed to facilitate the recruitment of skilled workers in Australia." (2002): 291-320 International mobility of the highly skilled.

Kate, McMillan "‘Affective integration and access to the rights of permanent residency: New Zealanders resident in Australia post-2001." (2017): 103-127. Ethnicities 17, no. 1

Cheung v Minister for immigration and multicultural and indigenous affairs (2005) FCA 1725

AW (Migrant Business Investor) (2016) NZIPT 203075


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