Discuss about the Immigration Policy for Diaspora and Migration.
As opined by Kelsey, (2015), international migration has created a major impact on the population of New Zealand. About one quarter of the population of the country is foreign born, which shows that the immigrant population and the New Zealand born population are raising in the same level of the country. According to various analysis it can be seen that the raise in the population of New Zealand born population is 15%, whereas, the raise in the population for immigrants is about 23%.
As stated by Akbari, & MacDonald, (2014), with a heavy increase in immigration, both assisted and unassisted, there is a raise in the demand of goods and services , and full employment which provides a good deal of the production that is asked for. It seems quite clear that the demand effects of a rising population would complement a reduction in unemployment level of the country. Immigrants add to the sustainable rate of productivity growth.
According to Kelsey, (2015), success of full employment led to frequent claims that the labour was in short supply, thereby posing the immigrants as desirable. It shows that more immigrants are favourable for the economy. But, this even poses a threat for the economy, as the raise in the population of immigrants results in the raise in the demand for goods and services soon after arrival. Thereby, the economy remains in shortage of labour, soon after the arrival of the immigrants.
A successful settler economy attracts more immigrants towards itself in its boom phase. Thus raises the expectations of the immigrants towards better standard of living, full employment and high wage jobs. This results in the attainment of high degree of government regulatory intervention to keep economic activity high while preventing domestic demand spilling over to create balance of payment crisis.
With the rise in the population structure of New Zealand, there has been a considerable rise in the demand for goods and services in the economy. Yet, thus might shift the resources of production away from investment, that would have boosted long term prosperity. Hence, it could be states that this might harm the methods of coping up with the pressures of growing population of the economy (James, 2015).
According to Law, Genç, & Bryant, (2013), the economic benefits received from the immigrants in New Zealand is balanced. He states that the population growth does not necessarily aim at income or productivity growth of the economy. The economic growth has slowed down to a considerable level, which states that the productivity of the economy is falling.
Akbari, A. H., & MacDonald, M. (2014). Immigration policy in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States: An overview of recent trends. International Migration Review, 48(3), 801-822.
James, C. (2015). New territory: the transformation of New Zealand, 1984–92. Bridget Williams Books.
Kelsey, J. (2015). Reclaiming the future: New Zealand and the global economy. Bridget Williams Books.
Kelsey, J. (2015). The New Zealand experiment: A world model for structural adjustment?. Bridget Williams Books.
Law, D., Genç, M., & Bryant, J. (2013). Trade, diaspora and migration to New Zealand. The World Economy, 36(5), 582-606.