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Impact Of 4D Modeling On Construction Planning

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Discuss about 4D simulation, clearly indicating estimated activity costs and duration as a text overlay. Also, highlight procedure for identifying and resolving clashes?



The Chapter presents the background for the entire study to clarify and focus on the problem of the study and the possible description and the other research questions that are stated as the conclusion of the report. The construction report of the industries offers great deal to all the project teams. It also delivers all the construction projects that are the best and suited for the customers in all respects. These projects increase the number of the participants that makes the requirement much more effective with a better communication proceeds better and prominent results (Allen and Smallwood, 2008).  According to the UK Industry all the performance management team that constructs the project effectively is completed by the number of projects that are being done on time. There are different gaps that are found on different construction areas along with different process that are without collaboration and knowledge (Bryman, 2004). The entire system usually maintains an inconsistency among the constructive phase and the process that involves planning and execution at the same time irrespective of the time and space that is allocated to the other devices that are quite visible in the entire research. The above report outlines all the concepts that are involved in this chapter.

Literature Review

Construction Planning plays an important role for the development of the construction industry to a huge extent. The process involves several tracing results that identify the sequences of the events that differs the results to a huge extent. The Job is quite challenging for the planner and figures out the construction outcome that are not possible to be observed and completed (Andersson and Christensen, 2007). The nature of the complexities and the uncertainties that are put together to intricate all the challenges that is required for the establishment of the planning process and at the same time points out all the important factors that are planned effectively for the early stages of the project to specify all the errors that are the best solutions to assign all the tasks that are for the correct people and to apply the same technique at the same  time and further enhance all the success percentage of the project. The construction planning process helps the start of the construction phase and the other consideration that is taken into account during the project life cycle that requires the process of planning and the steps that are quite effective and has a proper limit for all the problems and their consequences that have risen.  The aim of the planning process generates all the planning associates that identifies all the essential lead projects that have  their final outcomes in all respects, The planners also have to go through all the implementations and sequences that impacts the other various activities and evaluation process from the other projects on can make all the decisions that that are quite beneficial and in other words these are the construction planning process that uses all the resources that are easily allocated to the participants as the ones that are interacted among them and at the same time identified effectively (Levitt et al. 2009).



The two approaches that are involved in the above research relate all the practices that are both deductive and inductive at the same time. The method that is used in this research involves the reviews and the analyses that is taken from the existing theories from the entire research we have even used and derived the hypothesis along with the validation that uses the empirical formula and the other specifications that are used to analyze it effectively and at the same time helps them to validate the other methods and data that are used in this process to makes sure that all the constraints are effective in their position along with the positive vibrant that allows the user to makes sure that all the methods are kept at a specific place to undergo several function that are effectively mentioned in the above project for the specification requirements and the other important prospects (Heesom and Mahdjoubi, 2004). The other variants that are used in this project involves the prospects of Topic selection and Focus, Design Study, Collect Data and the other sections that are Findings and the other interpretation and analysis that can be effectively found and analyzed in the methodology section.


The most significant benefits of the modeling process is to provide all the variant visualization that are used in the construction working and the one that that is not possible for achieving all with the help of 2D documents and drawings like the liner scheduling and the Gantt chart for enabling the planners and at the same time to detect all the clashes and conflicts that are in the phase of construction and for the process that are used in planning (Hendrickson, 2000). As through the case studies that are mentioned above one can easily fiure out the zero conflicts by implementing the modeling process that ranges from around 100 to 200 with the use of traditional planning process and the other case studies that have around 400 clashes and errors in all respects and are also found before the start of the construction phase to adopt the 4D modeling and the other indicators that are quite effective for the adoption of the 4D modeling so that it can easily play the critical role that are involved in the planning process. The other case studies also implement the 4D modeling and the other prospects that are implemented of 4D modeling that helps in better visualization of the construction work that enhances the planning process and also selects the clashes and conflicts of the visualization of the construction work that needs to be planned and incorporated into the safety concerns of the complex projects that are also mentioned in the above case study (Jongeling and Olofsson, 2007).  The process of modeling also allows the team to generate the comprehensive and precise work that will be much more difficult to achieve the traditional planning process and the other project team that can easily achieve the accurate plan with the help of the modeling process that is utilized above.


The entire research revealed the 4D planning process that acts as the most promising tool that is used for construction planning and at the same time highlights all the modeling process that are discovered to achieve the traditional planning methods that are used in this case study. The most significant benefits that are found in 4D modeling are to get a better visualization of the construction work and the other better communication structures that are found in the project teams for increasing the efficiency of the planning process and the other aspects of 4D modeling that assists in achieving all the accurate and detailed work plans that includes the planning of temporary structures, managing site logistics and other quantity take offs that are important for the entire research. With the help of better communication and visualization the planner plans the team according to the client and achieves better understanding of the project along with its objectives that would eventually improve the construction planning and the execution process that significantly leads the success of the project.  Hence we can easily state that the project provides reliable and detailed plan that obtains and assists the project to be completed within the provided time and budget.



Allen, C., & Smallwood, J. (2008). Improving construction planning through 4D planning.Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology , 6 (1), 7‐20.

Andersson, N., & Christensen, K. (2007). Retrieved March 07, 2012, from Practical implications

Bryman, A. (2004). Social Reseach Methods. Oxford University Press.

BuildingSMART. (2010). Constructing the business case: Building information modelling.London: British Standards Institution.

Chachere, J., Kunz, J., & Levitt, R. (2009). The role of reduced latency in Integrated Concurrent Engineering. Stanford: CIFE.

Dawood, N., & Sikka, S. (2008). tool, Measuring the effectiveness of 4D planning as avaluable communication. ITcon , 13, 620‐636.

Dawood, N., & Sikka, S. (2004). Visual 4D planning in the UK construction industry. RetrievedFebruary 13, 2012, from Digital library of construction informatics:

Heesom, D., & Mahdjoubi, L. (2004). Trends of 4D CAD applications for constructionplanning. Construction Management and Economics , 22, 171–182.

Hendrickson, C. (2000). Project Management for Construction â€ Fundamental Concepts forOwners, Engineers, Architects and Builders. Retrieved February 27, 2012, from

Jianping, Z., Yang, Z., Zhenzong, H., & Ming, L. (2008). Construction Management Utilizing 4DCAD and Operations Simulation Methodologies. Tsinghua Science and Technology ,13 (S1), 241‐247.

Jongeling, R., & Olofsson, T. (2007). A method for planning of work‐flow by combined use oflocation‐based scheduling and 4D CAD. Automation in Construction , 16, 189–198.


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