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Importance Of Safety Management System

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Question:

Critically evaluate a published research paper in the field of environment, safety or healthcare, identifying its key elements and placing it in its context within a body of knowledge.

 

Answer:

Research Title:

Find out the reasons why workers are getting injured in the workplace despite implementing a safety management system

Aim of the research

The aim of the research is to find out the reasons why workers are getting injured in the workplace in spite of the implementation of safety management system. The researcher has to focus on finding out the specific reasons that are responsible for the workers getting hurt in the workplace and whether the system for maintaining safety is properly implemented there or not.

 

Objectives of research

The main objectives of the research are as follows:

  1. To find out the reasons about why the workers are getting injured in the workplace in spite of the implementation of the safety management system
  2. To find out whether there is any lacking on the part of the management in the proper implementation of the safety management system
  3. To find whether any precautionary measures have been taken for the workers by the management of the organizations

Purpose of the research topic

The research topic will help the management to find out the probable reasons for the workers getting hurt in the workplace. This can also help to find out the loopholes in the proper implementation of management system for restoring safety in the workplace. This will also helpthe authorities of the organization to take precautionary measures in the workplace in advance so that no workers get injured or suffer loss of lives.

Research Question

Why the workers are getting injured in the workplace in spite of the implementation of safety management system?

Literature Review

In the research paper titled Contractor’s Awareness on Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Management Systems in Construction Industry, according to Kamar, Salleh, Mamter and Suhaimi, the occupational health and safety management systems form significant parts of the overall management system that facilitate the management to assess the risks that are associated with the workers in the workplace. This takes into account the organizational structure, responsibilities, procedures, practices, planning activities, processes and resources for the development, implementation, achievement, review and maintenance of the organization’s OSH policy. This research has put forward the level of awareness that the contractors have for the proper implementation of the OSH management system. The paper has described the significance of the implementation of the management system of safety to reduce accidents and injury of the workers that can affect the profits of the company as well.

 


Most of the injuries in the workplace are prevented through certain measures like safety training, strengthening safety regulations, better engineering controls and planning, awareness about the accidents among the workers and the management and most importantly cooperation on the part of the stakeholders (Wachter and Yorio 2014).

Most of the accidents in the workplace occur due to the engagement of the tendency of the “people” element to show unsafe behaviors. Many injuries in the workplace are due to the attitudes and actions of an individual himself. Another reason of the injuries can be because of the inadequate or non-existence of the OSH management systems. Sometimes accidents are occurred due to the breakdown in the safety management systems because of the lack of proper care. The research discusses that the companies should be committed in communicating the employees about the policies properly so that they can abide them for their own safety. It has been seen that the employers are sometimes unable to construct a proper list of the different sources of hazards that can affect the workers in the workplace. Sometimes, the safety management system after its development at the corporate level is not communicated to the supervisors, project managers and the workers. This in turn, affects everyone in the workplace. Another reason that the research paper has taken into consideration is that measures are not taken to create the awareness among the workers and they are not at all motivated to take responsibilities of their own. The awareness of the employers helps in the successful completion of any projects and they have the onus of keeping the workers safe in the organizational workplace. Many companies are not paying much attention to these policies and precautionary measures as they are reluctant to invest extra amount for these measures.

 


There is also an importance of monitoring as well as measuring the health and safety performances. Lack of monitoring gives rise to problems regarding the determination of policy and objectives and controlling of any types of risks. There is a disproportionate suffering of the young workers due to injuries in the workplace and the rate is very high (Okun, Guerin and Schulte 2016). Proper feedback is not received from the workers. The management has the option of creating a team who will be responsible for the review of day-to-day activities, precautionary measures and risk identification so that they can be prevented and mitigated at the earliest. Health and Safety Audit is another comprehensive option that many employers do not follow which is another reason why the employees are getting hurt in the workplace in spite of the implementation of safety management system. Audit helps in the measurement of a simple parameter, which forms a part of the routine safety inspection (Gunduz and Laitinen 2016). It assists in meeting the policies as well as the objectives of the organization.       

The critical elements of a safety management system as identified in the research paper are the WSH (Work Safety and Health) management policies, proper implementation and measuring the performance, audit, organizing and initial status review. The Workplace Safety and Health Act have been designed in Singapore in order to protect the employees and any other persons are having the higher chances of getting affected by the operational activities in the workplace. The Work Safety and Health Subsidiary Legislation entail the employers to conduct regular risk assessment in the workplace so that any types of accidents can be averted (Ministry of Manpower 2015). There have been amendments in the legislation to make the outcome-based and risk management approach more advanced (WSHC Council 2013).

 


The research outcome showed that most of the Class A contractors in the organization is aware about the policies regarding the work safety and health and they always work hard to reduce the number of accidents on the sites. Very few of them are unaware about the policies. The employers have the roles to make every people aware about the policies as the accidents are occurring because of these few people. It can be inferred that many top-level employees are not at all aware about the safety measures in the workplace and the outcome is that the workers are being hurt and loss of lives.

Gantt chart

 

Week 1

Week 2

Week 3

Week 4

Week 5

Week 6

Week 7

Visiting the organizations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Collecting the data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Analysis of the data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Gunduz, M. and Laitinen, H., 2016. A 10-step safety management framework for construction small and medium-sized enterprises. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, pp.1-7.

Ministry of Manpower, 2015. Workplace Safety and Health Profile [pdf] Available at: https://www.mom.gov.sg/~/media/mom/documents/safety-health/reports-stats/wsh-profile/wsh-profile-2008.pdf [Accessed 18 June 2017]

Okun, A.H., Guerin, R.J. and Schulte, P.A., 2016. Foundational workplace safety and health competencies for the emerging workforce. Journal of safety research, 59, pp.43-51.

Wachter, J.K. and Yorio, P.L., 2014. A system of safety management practices and worker engagement for reducing and preventing accidents: An empirical and theoretical investigation. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 68, pp.117-130.

WSHC Council, 2013. Change [pdf] Available at: https://www.wshc.sg/files/wshc/upload/infostop/file/WSHC_and_WSHI_AR_FY2012_13_Summary.pdf [Accessed 18 June 2017]

OR

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