Discuss about the Individualism Vs Collectivism.
There are two ways in which people in the group can be understood. These ways are collectivism and individualism. Individualism is the idea whereby the individual acts on his or her own, making their decisions, and to the point that they relate to other members of the group. The individual is always accountable for his choices.
Collectivism assess the group as the main entity, with the people lost along the way. They view the group as a strong component, and persons just compose the group. The value of the group is different from its members, and it has its thoughts. The action of the group is judged as a whole and individuals are just viewed as members of the group (Finkelstein, 2010.
Individualism is supported by objectivism in the sense that, individualism is to be there whether an individual makes up his mind about things or individual is different from everyone else. And through individualism, moral agents made moral judgments. The credit or the blame goes to the person who made a choice, and this choice is made depending on how the value will impact on the life since values are agent-relative. Ethics is concerned with individuals hence the importance of individualism (Hartung, et al, 2010).
In collectivism, there are some problems associated. For example, it affects with justice. Justice is apprehensive with creating a moral judgment concerning other individuals and acting on it consequently. But collectivism attributes value choice to the whole group hence destroying proper moral judgment, instead of choice being made by a person.
Collectivism is also vied as entailing a status higher than characters that compose it; the same people are asked to work harder for it. Intrinsic value is created, and this effects ability of a person to pursue self-interest rationally (Finkelstein, 2010.
In conclusion, both individualism and collectivism are important as discussed above. It will just depend on the kind of institution and where to be implied.
Finkelstein, M.A., 2010. Individualism/collectivism: Implications for the volunteer process. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, 38(4), pp.445-452.
Hartung, P.J., Fouad, N.A., Leong, F.T. and Hardin, E.E., 2010. Individualism-collectivism: Links to occupational plans and work values. Journal of Career Assessment, 18(1), pp.34-45.