Discuss about the Industrial Revolution Consumption of Energy.
Ventilation in buildings can be achieved through either natural ventilation or mechanical ventilation since it plays a very vital role in achieving thermal comfort. Natural ventilation can be achieved through infiltration and window ventilation by having the fenestration on the walls adjacent to important spaces in the building to remove odor and bring in fresh air. It can also be achieved through shaft ventilation and roof fixtures such as roof vents. Mechanical ventilation on the other hand can also be achieved by the use of Heating and Ventilation (HV) systems and simple humidifying and dehumidifying systems. There are different kinds of HV systems that can either have the ability of bringing in outdoor air or recirculating the indoor air.
There is no absolute standard of achieving thermal comfort since it ranges from one place to another. Because of this reason, human beings have the ability to live in a range of climates starting from the tropics to high altitudes. Human body is controlled and maintains a standard temperature of 37 degrees Celsius. Any variation either above or below this temperature can be detrimental to the human health. Achieving this mind perception of a satisfactory thermal environment are mostly affected by air temperature, relative humidity, radiant temperature, clothing, activity and air velocity, age and gender, body shape.
Introduction to architectural technology has been used by architects to improve the well-being of the buildings occupants by achieving thermal comfort of the indoor experience. The building designs try to optimize on the use of solar energy and this goes into a greater
length of understanding of the earth’s orbit and solar position, which helps the architect in positioning the building. Noise levels are also important in achieving thermal comfort. Acoustic technology has been applied to minimize on the levels of sound in social buildings. These include acoustic reflection, sound insulation, acoustic isolation, and absorption to help in sound minimization. Daylight is proven to have positive biological effects on human health. Its use in buildings have been maximized and modeled to produce great patterns in the interior spaces of buildings. Heating services have also been introduced into building to improve the thermal comfort of occupants. These heating include direct and indirect heating, hydronic heating, radiant floor heating, and indirect warm air heating.
Space exploration has created a new space for ecological design that is more peaceful, and environmentally friendly rather than the mess that happens on earth. The adoption of ecological knowledge by architects leads to many theories and debates that were intense just like the world war. However, astronautics were delighted about the space ecology, which is their discovery and methodology of work and seeing other disciplines boring this concept seemed marvelous. The ability of shifting buildings from earth to space has proven to be more sustainable and fascinating experience.
Mechanization in plumbing in the American bathroom was widely investigated by Giedion and the fascination of the tub. Giedon’s intention seeks to modernize bathroom construction in terms of hygiene and visual ethics. His image on the image as illustrated in his book shows how Giedon learn from our history as a magical mirror to improve the design industry in the world of today. His hope was to regenerate the bathing system used by the American in the old days, which might help in redeeming the industrialized culture.
Matter is but captured energy; this topic has lead into heated debates in architecture discipline whether this theory is true. It is said that matter is any physical things that can be either a building or body, within this building we found a set of molecular that eventually combine to make a form. Energy not only combines matter but also activates it to the rest of the world. The separation or denial of this fact in architectural discourse, by perpetuating that energy and material are two different things makes architectural field to detach itself from the reality and the physical world.
The human race has over the years been adapting to conditions by using technology to overcome situations such as the cold weather or disease. Human beings go through environmental conditioning where they experience a certain intensity that is often uncomfortable and use technology and innovation, which in most cases involve high costs, to surpass this state. However, these changes seem to have made humans more vulnerable to
Since the industrial revolution, the consumption of energy for better living standards has gradually increased with more demand for fuel that has had its negative impact on health and environment. If there is any desire to achieve a viable development, those in architecture must apply the code of sustainability by addressing challenges of climate change, saving resources, high operational costs, and issues of health and comfort. For sustainability, there is need to consider the effects that industrialization has on planet earth.
Visual perception lies solely on the availability of light. We see an object because the light emitted by the object reached our eye and was processed as information. However, some objects do not emit light but yet our eye recognizes them and this is because of illumination where heat emitted and bounced off surfaces is processed as information. In the conditions of ambient light, the eye processes what is available based on the reflecting surfaces as opposed to radiant light where most information is processed.