Business Process Validation:
This process encapsulates checking whether the requirements of the process are complete and correct. A step to step checking is performed so as to get an idea of any loopholes in the process. Through the checking process. It is tried to make sure that we are not only able to achieve the objectives of the business but also of the other stakeholders. The process is verified so that it is
Correct– precisely expresses a client or outer need
Clear – has just a single conceivable importance
Attainable – can be executed inside known limitations
Modifiable – can be effectively changed, with history, when vital
Prioritized-as per the importance in the final product
Parker, J., 2011. Enfocus Solutions. [Online]
https://enfocussolutions.com/requirements-verification-and-validation/[Accessed 29 March 2017].
Business Process Verification:
When we have to make sure that final product that has been built and designed is as per the requirements then it is called as business process verification. This, thus includes conducting repeated tests throughout the lifecycle of the product and inspecting at every point the congruence of its output with the requirements of the business.
Thus, a process must be first validated and then verified so as to completely without flaw get the product completed. There are manual and automated approaches for both the investigation techniques.
Example- Assume we have the details identified with the project, then by making sure those particulars, without executing to see whether the determinations are correct or not, are met is what we do in verification.(Parker, 2011)
Parker, J., 2011. Enfocus Solutions. [Online]
Available at: https://enfocussolutions.com/requirements-verification-and-validation/[Accessed 29 March 2017].
Process Validation Tree as per GHTF (Global Humanization Task Force)
Balanced Scorecard is a planning and management system used in strategizing the work in a company, organization, businesses and even governments. This was developed by Dr. Robert S. Kaplan and Dr. David Norton so as to be able to give managers a balanced perspective or as it is said a balanced performance metric inclusive of both financial and non-financial measures. Their work was inspired from the report of a General Electric staffer tasked with designing evaluation procedure for performance measuring of business units. It is also helpful in improving the communication, both internal and external communications. It also enables an institution to be able to strategize the interests of his business in line with this values and goals of the organization. (Anon., n.d.)
Anon., n.d. Balanced Scorecard Institute. [Online]
Available at: https://www.balancedscorecard.org/Resources/About-the-Balanced-Scorecard
Original Balanced Scorecard (Kaplan, 2010)
Kaplan, R. S., 2010. Conceptual Fundamentals of a Balanced Scorecard. Harvard Business School.
As shown, an original balance scorecard apart from the financial metric also includes learning and growth, customer and internal processes.
Example: BSC in a non-profit organization
We will use the standard metrics i.e. Financial, Customer, Operational and Learning. Here, customers include the third parties too, people who make donations and those who are benefitted. Thus, we add these two separate strategic themes. Next, we need to prepare perspectives and mission.Mission can be long term like eradication of poverty or child labor and describe the four perspectives. Then, we need to identify the cause-effect and analyze it for each of the perspective. A sample is-
Anon., n.d. BSC Designer. [Online]
Available at: https://www.bscdesigner.com/bsc-in-non-profits.htm
Let’s apply the SEE-I approach to understand what a ‘motherboard’ is in the computer systems.
A motherboard is the main printed circuit board in a computer system that contains the principal components or what we call as system buses to which other boards are connected. It has connectors for other components, where they are slotted.(Anon., 2016)
Available at: https://www.mastercontrol.com/fda/process-verification-vs-process-validation.html[Accessed 29 December 2017].
So, we can say that a motherboard is the backbone of a computer system as it is the central connectivity point for all the peripherals connected to the system. It may contain six to fourteen layers of fiberglass, copper connecting traces and planes. Many chipsets, processor sockets, RAM, IC’s, driver connectors, input/output device connectors and sockets to which other boards are connected.
A computing device like a calculator only has a main board through which its operation is carried out as compared to the motherboard of a computer system which as stated allows us to connect to other boards and external devices by providing mounting slots.
We can compare the motherboard to a city. Just like a government is responsible for overseeing the functioning of a city, similarly a processor and the main chip center works in a motherboard. The memory is comparable to a town hall. System buses are like roads which provide the connectivity and other multi-layers can be considered as overpasses.(Anon., n.d.)
Anon., n.d. [Online]
Available at: https://sites.google.com/site/qepcafe/modules/express/state-elaborate-exemplify-illustrate-see-i
Snow, A., 2012. MAster Control. [Online]
Anon., 2016. Techtarget. [Online]
Available at: https://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/motherboard