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Information System Components Add in library

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Introduction

The definition of a system is that it is a conglomeration of a set of elements that work together so as to achieve a predetermined work. In looking at information system, it is a structure of components arranged together in order to function as one unit. It allows in data not processed and let it get processed and give an output. In order to function as expected, it depends on a number of resources. These resources form the components of information system. The components are described in detail.

Information system Components

People

In any structure, human beings are the drivers of each pertinent issue. In information system, human powers are necessary for the operation. It comprises specialists as well as end users. The end users are people, who get to employ a system for daily routine task such as accountants, clients’ e.tc. Specialists are people bestowed with the capability of developing the system and operating in the area of information system. They comprise programmers, operators, analysts, etc. (Valacich, Schneider, & Jessup, 2014). 

 

Hardware/ Software

Hardware is the components that can be seen and felt. They comprise the computers, data media, and equipment that are related to the system. The hardware can categorize into computer-system and comprises the processing system and microprocessors. Also, there is the peripheral section which entails all the parts interconnected to the computer for easy functioning (Friedman et al, 2013).

Software components entail the non-tangible parts. It is a section that entails logical set of structures realized through construction of a series of instruction. These instructions are arranged so as to run and perform the intended tasks. It is grouped into application and system software. Application software that allow the user carry-out intended tasks whereas the system software are those programs that permit the use of computer resources. They act a platform for all the programs (Friedman et al, 2013).

Data

These entail all the information which is raw as well as processed. It takes numerous arrangements, comprising conventional alphanumeric-data, comprised of figures and alphabetic and other types that define business dealings and other actions and units. Text-data, involving of sentences employed in written messages; image-data, like graphic forms and numbers; and audio-data, the human speech and other sounds, are as well significant types of data (Valacich, Schneider, & Jessup, 2014). 

Network system

A network is an interconnection of computer structures that intended to allow the transfer of information from one part to the other in the network. The arrangement comprises the medium of transferring information and the support-network. The interconnection can be in varied forms for instance ring, star, mesh-types of topologies amongst other topologies.

 

Importance of considering each of the components

In designing of the information system, it is critical to know all the resources needed. The need to know the personnel allows the management gets the required skilled people who will develop a system that suits the clients (Friedman et al, 2013).

Additionally, the hardware/software is as well critical in know all interfacing procedures necessary for the system to function as needed. They type of data to be processed allow designers come up with a program that can be capable of processing that data. The network permit designer comes up a network topology that is cheap and easy to maintain and use (Friedman et al, 2013).

References

Friedman, B., Kahn Jr, P. H., Borning, A., & Huldtgren, A. (2013). Value sensitive design and

 

information systems. In Early engagement and new technologies: Opening up the laboratory (pp. 55-95). Springer Netherlands.

Valacich, J. S., Schneider, C., & Jessup, L. M. (2014). Information systems today: managing in

the digital world. Pearson.

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