1. What are the various methods of internationalisation that could be adopted by any major retail organisation in a developed country seeking to expand its operations into large emerging markets to maximise the chances of success and minimise the risks of failure? Critically evaluate each method as explanations of the process of business internationalisation.
2. The PESTEL framework was designed to analyse specific dimensions of a national environment. Critically examine how the framework can be adopted to take into consideration other dimensions and broader scope, bringing in regional and global impacts.
3. For a large multinational enterprise from a European country contemplating a joint venture with a foreign partner in India or any emerging country, critically examine the cultural challenges likely to be encountered, and what are your recommendations for how to enable the joint venture to succeed?.
4. To what extent can FDI and joint ventures provide opportunities for technology spillovers which can lead to increased innovative capacity in the host country? Apply your analysis to no more than two emerging economies of your choice .