Discuss about the Intelligence Led Policing for Security Journal.
There are a number of crimes that have been witnessed all over the world with some being occasional and others perpetual. It has been found that most of the policies that the police used long ago back in the 19th century were not as effective as required in the handling of crime. The main problem was that these policies gave much attention to respondingto a criminal activity as opposed to targeting the crime or offenders. As a result, there emerged in the UK the concept of intelligence led policing. This is an idea that uses intelligence to target better criminal activity and direct resources of policing that are scared to the highest levels of crime. This is a concept that was developed to ease crime investigation and handling. This essay defines intelligence led policing, discusses how it can be applied in handling online crimes, determining whether it is easier or not in online crimes and stating whether it is a good idea or not.
What is intelligence led policing?
(Wortley, 2016)argues that intelligence led policing refers to the act of applying the analysis of criminal intelligence as a tool for making the objective decision so as to facilitate the prevention and reduction of crimeby the means of partnering externally and the use of effective policing strategies drawn from a base that is evidential. His argument brings out clearly that dealing with crime using this concept does not involve one nation but it is rather a multinational approach that involves the art of partnership to counteract crimes. It is also evident that there is deep scrutiny of criminal analytics as well as using intelligence to spot and handle crime. Therefore, we would say that intelligence led policing is a concept of using intelligence to make decisions so as to prevent crimes as well as partnering with other nations to control crimes.
Intelligence led policing is an idea that originated from the united kingdom as a result of the discovery that by the police were using a lot of time to respond to a criminal activity instead of targeting the crime or the offenders. This is an idea that depends on the collection of different sets of data from tactical sources which is then used to form a strategic picture that will now allow the direction of resources. This concept aims at seeing crime drop as a result of the ways that it uses to counteract them. It is said that in the 19th centuries the models that were used for crime investigation and handling were becoming obsolete and outdated and this is what inspired the establishment of this idea(Manning, 2016). It is believed that by then police were in a struggle to deal with crimes that emerged like terrorism and cyber crime but however, they failed in both crime conviction and prevention. This created a void in dealing with crime and hence there was the need to come up with a better concept that could free them from the shackles of crime.
How intelligence led policing is applies to policing online crimes
One of the most challenging crimes in today world is the online crime usually referred to as the cyber crime. This crime has become significant in the globe to the extent of becoming a priority of security in most of the western countries. It is therefore due to this reason that it becomes important to have cyber crime investigations done in the most efficient ways(Riek, 2016). The key challenge of cyber crime is that occurs globally and agencies of the police are used to dealing withcrimes in the areas of their local authority. However, in spite of this challenge, there are several ways intelligence led policing can be used to deal with cyber crime.
One of the ways is proper budget and resource allocation for the investigation process. It is said thatbudget and resource allocation is actually a limiting factor in cyber crime investigations in most of the agencies of the police. Now that cyber crime is becoming a globalconcern and a big threat in all parts of the world, all means should be used to deal with it. As it has been said, there should be a maximum allocation of resources so as to enable police agencies to deal with the crime as expected. Obviously, if the agencies are lacking most of the critical needed resources, the investigation will definitely not go through. Therefore, intelligence led policing can be applied here to give the idea of allocation of enough resources for the sane to effectively deal with the crime.
Another concept that can be applied by intelligence led policing to deal with cyber crime is the focusing to allocate resources on some known criminals rather than wasting resources handling with criminals that aren’t known. It is obvious that there are some known cyber criminals that are already on the target. In this case, there wouldn’t be the need to waste many resources targeting other offenders but only targeting those who are already known. This is a policy of intelligence led policing. Crime investigation is not a cheap process. It requires input like funds and other required tools. Therefore, when allocating these resources, known criminals should be targeted.
Intelligence led policing also uses the principle ofsharing of information across agencies as well as a partnership. As it was mentioned earlier, cyber crime is global and not limited to one area or locality. As a result, it would be somewhat difficult to handle crimes alone. It is said the cyber crime is overseas and not limited to one jurisdiction. Therefore, the police agencies can partner with other agencies from other nations to counteract this problem(Peykanpour, 2016). This is because the crime is multinational and affects no nation in particular but rather all the nations. The agencies can apply this concept and share information with each other with the sole aim of seeing this crime drop.
Intelligence led policing can also be used in combination of the analysis of data andcrime intelligence into a framework of decision making. This means that decision is made after deep analysis of data and the application of crime intelligence tactics so as to come up with a final judgment(Carter, 2016). This is one of the key concepts of intelligence led policing. Therefore, this concept can be applied by the police agencies to help them deal with cyber crime. It should be noted by them that according to this idea the decision made is influenced by the result of combining data analysis and crime intelligence. The decision arrived at would, therefore, be crucial in dealing with cyber crime.
Police agencies can also apply the intelligence led policing formula to take the advantage of data, technological and systems based on knowledge in the gathering, interpretation, and dissemination of intelligence. Using this idea, the police agencies will definitely be capable of dealing with the cyber crime they are indenting too. They should use knowledge and technology based systems to interpret information about the offenders they are looking for and also use this knowledge to acquire and distribute information about them so as to effectively deal with cyber crime(Tsakalidis, 2017). Without employment of this idea, it would be very difficult to deal with this crime due to the fact that these crimes are done using technology. If an approach that is not technology based is employed in the fight other cyber crime, the approach will definitely fail. This is why the concept of intelligence led policing will apply technology to deal with cyber crime.
This concept of intelligence led policing can also be employed in the maximum allocation of limited resources and this can be achieved by the development of operational responses which have a basis of the available intelligence on the crime environment. This means that resources in this concept are allocated depending on the available intelligence of a particular crime environment. The environment that has been noticed to be prone to this crime is allocated more resources to enable police agencies sufficiently deal with that crime. It has been said that so far this concept is the only outstanding idea developed that can deal with cyber crime.
Is it easier or harder for online crimes?
As a matter, if fact, it has not been an easy task to handle cyber crime. Even though intelligence led policing is the only stipulated concept that has shown success in dealing with online crimes, it has been faced with several challenges but however, they don't darken its future. First, there has been so much advancement in technology which has significantly increased the enlightenment and the operational ability of criminals. The currently growing technology is creating room for hackers and introduction of malware increasing cyber crime to a great extent(Murshed, 2016). In this way, it has not been easy for intelligence led policing to completely eliminate this crime. It has been a hard task as police agencies strive as much as possible to keep pace with the technology advancement so as to satisfactorily manage the crime.
Secondly, it is said that 90% of the cyber crime networks are located in the overseas (Baechler, 2016). This is a big challenge became police agencies find it difficult to cooperate and effectively share information with the overseas agencies to deal with the crime. This is due to the fact that most of them had been used to operating within their area of jurisdiction. This is posing a big challenge while sophisticating and inviting cyber crime. Police agencies find it difficult to deal with a crime that is being done in their country but being done from overseas. In such a case it would be very difficult since the action effect is only what is experienced in their country but the action is being done from another place.
Police agencies have also suffered because of inadequate resources. It is clear that an investigation especially cybercrime investigation that will call for deep intelligence will demand huge resource investment. This means that a lot of resources are required on the process of cyber crime intelligence. Most of the police agencies lack sufficient resources beginning from funds to the up-to-date technology for handling the crime. However, in cases where these resources are available, there is a problem in the allocation either to the crime environment or the known offenders. This renders the process too problematic(Inithks, 2016). Due to this reason, it has not been easy for intelligence police agencies to appropriately deal with cyber crime.
Lastly, much of the damaging hacks and malicious software are developed by as few as ten to twenty criminals at any particular place and time who work in computer crime networks. This is one of the reasons behind the failure of the intelligence led policing concept. This is because at any given time there are very few hackers who are on the criminal networks and therefore noting them becomes difficult. It has been a difficult task for police agencies to efficiently deal with these hackers because they are few in number and also working from different locations and countries.
Why intelligence led policing is a good idea
Despite the fact that this concept has some flaws, it is so far the only outstanding approach that has shown quite a good percentage of success in dealing with cyber crime. I would confidently say that this is a good idea because its success has been evident. It is said that as a result of this policy cyber crime has reduced with a significant percentage of up to 74%. Crime reduction is such sufficient evidence that this is a workable approach and that it is successful on the operation. Long ago before it was established in the UK, cyber crime was too serious that it could hardly be managed. However, in the advent of intelligence led policing, the crimes reduced to a great extent.
Intelligence led policing is also a good concept because it uses the idea of maximum allocation of resources. In this concept, as it has been discussed earlier, resources are channeled to a specific target of offenders. This isone of the few concepts that lead to a better utilization of resources. This is because resources are not wasted in inappropriate people but targeted to only the offenders. Again, it has also been seen that resources are also channeled to a specific crime environment. This means that resources are not used anywhere but where there is an assurance that crime takes place.(James, 2017) Once said that there is nothing as enjoyable as proper utilization of resources since they are scarce.
Lastly, intelligence led policing can be said to be a good idea because it uses up-to-date technology to deal with cyber crime. One of the things that must be known in that cyber crime is incited by the advancement of technology. Growing technology gives the room for hackers to develop a good crime environment. Since the cure to fire is fire, intelligence led policing approach uses the state technology used by offenders to deal with them. Therefore, it would be said to be a good concept and actually a successful one because the idea used by hackers is not beyond the scope of the intelligence police agencies.
Intelligence led policing is what has brought limelight in the sky of criminal intelligence. Over years there have been insufficient ways to approach online related crimes but the introduction of this concept from the UK in the late 19th century has positively influenced crime investigation. Even though there are several challenges facing this approach in dealing with cyber crime, this does not render it non-functional because there has been an evident success in dealing with online crime. Methods like technology awareness have effectively been used by police agencies to deal with cybercrime and intelligence led policing has proven to be a good idea.
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