Discuss about the International Relation for Focuses on the Patriarchal Nature.
The study focuses on the patriarchal nature of the Indian society. Film industry of India known as Bollywood, is one of the influential industry that has showed considerable domination throughout the world. Every year Bollywood comes out with more than 100 releases. As pointed out by Roy (2016), the Bollywood industry is dominated by the male actors. In fact, it has been found that a movie that has the famous actors like Sharukh Khan, Salman Khan and others in the same league, in the lead role, often has earned more than 2 Billion INR worldwide (Indianexpress.com. 2016). This trend has been found to increase in the recent time.
This paper focuses on three Bollywood movies and its patriarchal nature dominating the Indian society. Three movies that have been selected as a case study for this paper are Fan having Sharukh Khan in the lead role, Rocky Handsome with John Abraham and Great Grand Masti that is a chain sequel of the movies Masti and Grand Masti. All these movies are 2016 release and have been able to attract the attention of a number of critics for the way male characters have been portrayed in the movie. India has always been considered as a male dominating nation and females are dominated in every aspects of life. In some states like Haryana, Punjab, the sex ratio is very poor due to killing of female child (Rasul and Raney 2015). This discrimination and gender inequality has been a major topic of discussion for many researchers.
In the movie Fan, the movie portrayed the popularity of a Bollywood actor, Sharukh Khan. The movie concentrated largely on the craziness and the impact than an actor can leave on a viewer. The movie has showed that the most profitable business industry of India is actually dominated by male actors (Indianexpress.com. 2016). The next movie Great Grand Masti portrayed another situation of Indian society. It has been proclaimed by many critics that in India, women are looked into as only a major sex substance. This movie particularly portrayed same situation. It has been showed that females are looked as a sex substance and nothing more than that, which shows the dominating nature of male in the society (The Times of India 2016). The third movie, Rocky Handsome showed that it is very important for a male to be good looking and handsome and it is the only quality that attracts girls towards a man. This message also shows a negative perspective on the nature of females.
As commented by Juni (2014), the nature of Bollywood industry has changed a lot since the early times. In the era of 1970s and 19780s, the industry was more male dominating. In fact, it has been found that the female actors claim that they do not get equal pay at the industry and that they have to always operate under the direction of the male counterpart. However, in recent times, there are a number of female actors who have been very successful in their career and have been turning the nature of the Bollywood industry (The Times of India 2016). Some of them are Priyanka Chopra who has gained great fame and love in Western Countries as well. Other female leads including Deepika Padukone, Kangana Ranaut who is gaining much love globally have been successful in showing women power (Indianexpress.com 2016). Keeping these factors in mind, it can be said that the age old tradition of patriarchal domination can be replaced by the advent of these actors. Apart from this, considerable approaches have also been made to create awareness of gender equality and providing equal opportunity to females in every sector.
It is important to ascertain certain ethical considerations at the time of conducting any kind of research. In case of primary research, following the ethical guidelines holds the prime importance. At the time of interviewing people, none of the respondents shall be forced to answer any query. All responses shall be gathered with complete consideration from the respondents (Creswell 2013). The identity of the respondents should be kept confidential. In case, if any kind of image or video footage is used as a supportive measure for the research, it should be gained with prior permission and concern from the participants.
There should not be any symbol or logo in the survey paper that shall depict any kind of advertisement or promotion of a product or a company (Creswell 2013). In case of underpinning experts’ opinion, it shall be represented in a neutral way and there should not be any biasness in the illustration. In case of conducting any research at any authorized places, it is important to take prior permission and appointment.
The implication of the study has helped to understand about the socio-culture of India. It has helped to widen the concept of International Relationship. It has been understood that Indian society is male dominated and patriarchal. In a country where people worship actors and consider them as God, anything portrayed by them is bound to create great impact on the thinking of the people. Therefore, it also falls under the responsibilities of the actor and director of the Bollywood industry to come up with such projects that improves the image of females in the society and there arises the opportunity of gender equality. If the situation of the Country is compared with that of western countries, it has to be mentioned that India lags far behind in terms of providing equality or proper opportunity to females with respect to males. However, there is no doubt that the situation has changed substantially due to increasing awareness and implementation of a number of laws to reduce patriarchal nature of the society. The study has opened the horizon for future studies related to Cultural differences. Studies related to gender equality and changes in cultural aspect of people can be carried on. The research has great options to be diverted to other topics related to the changing scenario of World culture.
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Rasul, A. and Raney, A.A., 2015. Learning through entertainment: The effects of Bollywood movies on the job-seeking behavior of South Asian female. International Communication Gazette, p.1748048515601577.
Roy, S., 2016. What’s in a Name?: Examining Representation of Indian Ethnicities in Bollywood Movies in the New Millennium. In Communicating Differences (pp. 87-103). Palgrave Macmillan UK.
The Times of India. 2016. Great Grand Masti Movie Box office collection report 2016 - Times of India. [online] Available at: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/entertainment/hindi/movie-reviews/Great-Grand-Masti/movie-review/53190702.cms?tabtype=box [Accessed 4 Sep. 2016].
The Times of India. 2016. Is Bollywood male dominated? - Times of India. [online] Available at: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/entertainment/hindi/bollywood/news/Is-Bollywood-male-dominated/articleshow/5701968.cms [Accessed 4 Sep. 2016].