Patriarchy is known as the social system, where males hold the primary power over females. Males hold the predominate power in the role of moral authority, social privilege, political leadership and control of property. In the extent of family also, fathers hold the power over mothers and their children. This kind of social system is highly followed in the country like India. Powerful man of the society developed and controlled this system for creating threat of violence over females. Even, such kind of gender inequality system has become a belief of every person in the society and everyone is quite habituated with such system. In such situation, molding a gender equality perspective is too much tough in the country like India.
Patriarchy system is social system males have authority over females in all aspects of the society. According to Batra and Reio (2016), gender stereotype is the most defining factor in the society of India, which leads to patriarchal system. On the other hand, Rao and Finnoff (2015) opined that patriarchal system in Indian society, is more focused on Joint family structure, where males are the head of family. According to Emran and Shilpi (2015) in case of business also, males make the rules and regulation for the business and dominate business as well as Government. On the other hand, Hughes et al. (2015) argued that females are only to bear housekeeping duty, take care of children, and most importantly support the males. Eventually, it becomes the belief of very person including both the males and females that males have every right to anything they want and dominate the females. It is ultimately abusing the females of Indian Society. In this way, gender equality perceptive is not an easy-going thing, which can be implemented in this kind of society.
According to Bidner and Eswaran (2015), 54% of women in Indian Society are literate in comparison to 76% literate men. It represents that female of this kind of society get little scope of schooling and suffer from biased and unfair inheritance. On the other hand, Mohammad and Jan (2015) argued that females in the country like India are generally married young and become mother very early. In this way, women are quickly burdened with stringent financial and domestic responsibilities. In case of getting wage for an work also there are discrimination between the males and females. According to Rao and Finnoff (2015), at Rajasthan in India, most of the female workers get 30% lower salary compared to that of male workers. On the other hand, Bidner and Eswaran (2015) pointed out that strong preference of son in Indian Society lead to increasing rate of female child infanticide. Therefore, women in this kind of society are strictly restricted to show their independence and make any social change. In today’s modern society, though various women empowerment strategies have been taken, but removing the tradition and typical gender inequality perception of people completely is extremely tough.
According to Batra and Reio (2016), in Indian society women are to live in the house of their father while they are children and are to live in their house of husband, while they are married. There are no scope of showing their independence. On the other hand, Mohammad and Jan (2015) opined that in case of Muslim culture, the women are to face extreme discrimination than others. In this culture, women are to wear vale for hiding their face from males. They are also not allowed to go any Mosque for Namaaz. Females are generally departed from getting their inherited property, because males have more right over these properties. In this way, gender inequality in Indian Society is in every aspect of life. Furthermore, bringing the perspective of gender equality is too much complex and need more education and modern thinking on the part of people.
- What is the intensity of patriarchal system in Indian Society?
- What are the reasons of gender inequality in the Society like India?
- How hard it is to mold gender equality perspective of Indian Society?
- It is hard to mold gender a gender equality perspective of a country like India where patriarchal system is strongly followed
- It is not so hard to mold gender a gender equality perspective of a country like India where patriarchal system is strongly followed
In order to conduct the research, 50 male citizens and 50 female citizens of Indian Society will be selected. These respondents will be asked questions for gathering information regarding gender inequality.
In order to collect relevant information, both “secondary” and “primary” data collection methods will be selected. From “secondary data collection”, various authentic journals, books and website will be selected. On the contrary, in “primary data collection method”, quantitative technique will be used for directly contacting with the respondents. Among the research strategies, interview and survey method will be chosen. In “quantitative data collection technique”, respondents will be provided with survey questions and they will provide information based on those survey questions. “Probability sampling” will be chosen for collecting information from the respondents at their convenience (Keenan, van Teijlingen and Pitchforth 2015). Online survey questions will be provided to the respondents.
Analytical techniques are adopted for converting general information of the respondents to specific information (King and Mackey 2016). Statistical analytical tools will be adopted for the purpose of quantitative data analysis. In this section, the gathered information will be evaluated based on “mean”, “median”, “mode” and “standard deviation”. It will convert the general information to specific information in an effective manner. Apart from that, various viewpoint of the respondents over the topic of research will be gather from such analytical techniques. It will definitely enhance the quality of research output.
Batra, R. and Reio, T.G., 2016. Gender inequality issues in India. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 18(1), pp.88-101.
Bidner, C. and Eswaran, M., 2015. A gender-based theory of the origin of the caste system of India. Journal of Development Economics, 114, pp.142-158.
Emran, M.S. and Shilpi, F., 2015. Gender, Geography, and Generations: Intergenerational Educational Mobility in Post-Reform India. World Development, 72, pp.362-380.
Hughes, C., Bolis, M., Fries, R. and Finigan, S., 2015. Women's economic inequality and domestic violence: exploring the links and empowering women. Gender & Development, 23(2), pp.279-297.
Keenan, K.F., van Teijlingen, E. and Pitchforth, E., 2015. The analysis of qualitative research data in family planning and reproductive health care.Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care, 31(1), pp.40-43.
King, K.A. and Mackey, A., 2016. Research Methodology in Second Language Studies: Trends, Concerns, and New Directions. The Modern Language Journal, 100(S1), pp.209-227.
Mohammad, Y.J. and Jan, R., 2015. Community Based Midwives Practice in Patriarchal Social System. Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM), 2(2), pp.62-73.
Rao, S. and Finnoff, K., 2015. Marriage Migration and Inequality in India, 1983–2008. Population and Development Review, 41(3), pp.485-505.