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International Relations: Terrorism In The 21st Century

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Question:

Discuss about the International Relations for Terrorism in the 21st Century.

 

Answer:

Introduction

Terrorism is not a new topic. According to the United States Defense Department, terrorism can be defined as the calculated employment of unlawful viciousness or threat use to instill fear, which has the intention of intimidating and coercing governments, and societies, in search of goals which are religious, political and ideological. This paper aims at exploring terrorism in its context and how international organizations are tackling the issue of terrorism, especially in the global context.

Separate from the United States Government; there are numerous distinctions in features of extremism that are stressed in various explanations. According to the United Nations, terrorism refers to a disquiet stirring method of repetitive violence, used by individuals for personal, political and unlawful reasons. Terrorism aims at compelling actions of violence capturing the attention of the people, regimes and the world to their purpose. The success of a terror attack does not aim at the destruction caused by the assault itself; the main objective is focused on the reaction of the public and the regimes.

In the world currently, there is an emerging trend in violent extremism taking the form of terror. It is visible in our everyday lives. Globalization affects terrorism in that technical inventions, and the expanding markets know no right or wrong. The benefits of globalization are not only limited to the isolated productions and line of work. It has also helped terrorists grow their networks. Terrorists, therefore, profited from globalization in the form of being very efficient in their endeavors. Still in the context of globalization, whether we are affected directly or indirectly, we are a part of terrorism effect. For instance, the tight securities at the airports, causing delays, the drop in the value of stocks as witnessed or the emotional torture people all over the world go through when we see the reports of terror on our news channels every day. Terrorists have learned how to use the modern technologies that have been invented in the 21st century to carry out their terror-related activities.

 

The rising ubiquity of Information Technology and their networks is driving work into the information era. Computers have transformed extremism in the way they have done to our average life. Terror in this information era comprises of conventional methods whereby standard weapons are used in the damage of property and massacres in the physical world. The destruction also extends to infrastructure targets and disruption in cyberspace and cyber terrorism.

Many people in the past associated acts of terror with Islam and the Muslims. This is not entirely accurate; this is because Muslims have come out in large numbers to condemn terror activities.  The Muslims say that any individual involved in terror attacks is a criminal just like any other criminal involved in robbery or murder, this is because they say that according to the teachings of the Quran, there is no chapter saying that Muslims should kill others. However, it should be noted that some individuals have been brainwashed into believing that terror activities are in the Islamic teachings. Terror activities have led to the collapse of established governments such as witnessed in Somali in the 1990s, the terror group al-Shabaab gained full control of the country. Efforts are still underway to liberate the country from the extremists.

In trying to determine whether economic deprivation leads to radicalism and terror, among recent research on political economy effort, studies have specified that there is a negative economic association among a state in which an attack occurs and the home nation of the radicals. However, prosperous countries are more prospective to suffer terror occurrences, and economic performance is not an indicator of which nations extremists might come from.

Several NGOs such as the Civil Society, Asia Society, agencies such as the United Nations and NATO are actively involved in the fight against terror. While the agenda of these institutions is to counter terror activities, they do this through addressing conditions which accelerate the growth of terror-related activities. Direct funding of personnel such as soldiers fighting extremists on the ground, they build member countries capabilities of combating terror-related actions while ensuring that human rights and the rule of law are respected all over the world. These NGOs also help fight radicalization which brainwashes young men into joining terror groups such as ISIS and the Al Qaeda.

In conclusion, terrorism poses an unswerving threat to the human race, global stability, and prosperity. It is an obstinate threat without borders, religion or nationality. It is a problem that the worldwide community must confront together.

 

References

Combs, C. (2016). Terrorism in the Twenty first century. New York: Routledge.

Crenshaw, M. (2007). Terrorism in Context. Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Kellner, D. (2005). Media Spectacle and the Crisis for Democracy. New York: Routledge.

Smith, J., & Thomas, W. (2001). The terrorism threat and U.S. government responses : operational and organizational factors. New York: US Air Force Academy, Colo. : USAF Institute for National Security Studies,.

ÅžTIBLI, F. (2010). Terrorism in the context of globalization. Terrorism, 1-6.

Taylor, R., Fritsch, E., & Liederbach, J. (2014). Digital Crime and Digital Terrorism. New Jersey: Prentice Hall Press Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA.

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