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Question:

Write an essay on International tourism system.

 

Answer:

Introduction

With an overview on the current modern lifestyle lead by different individuals, the concept of international tourism is estimated to play a vital role in the society. The varied dynamics of the tourism system in perspective of its current demand are noticed to get modified within all sectors of the society. The involvement of the varied level of economic impact makes the tourism industry much broad in relation to various industrial suppliers. Rio De Jeneiro is estimated to be the second most populous city in Brazil and the sixth largest city in America (Benur, et al 2015).  This city was actually founded by the Portuguese and it was initially the seat of the captaincy of Rio de Janeiro which is a domain of the Portuguese empire. Quite after a long the city was entitled as the capital state of Brazil. In the later part of the assignment an analysis of tourist visit to the place has been briefly stated and the main tourist attraction places have also been defined. The tourist motivation system and various issues that are related to the development of Rio De Jeneiro have been discussed. Both the positive and negative impacts of tourism activity has been discussed and the end, keeping certain implications over the international tourism system.

 

General analysis of tourist visit at Rio De Jeneiro

The number of international tourist visit at Rio De Jeneiro has been estimated to get increase about 8 % in comparison to the last year. As per the IOC prediction it has been estimated that around 4,80, 000 tourist would be descending to the city of Rio De Jeneiro for the Olympics and the Para Olympic games in 2016. With positive effects of world cup there has been a growing trend among people to travel to America. For the 2016 Olympic Games generally the called upon Olympic family which included several athletes, officials, sponsors and various journalists from about 204 countries are estimated to guarantee over the high attendance of the international tourist to the city of Rio De Jeneiro (Clift et al 2015). The country of Brazil is expecting to receive about half a million foreign tourist when the Olympic Games of 2016 would be staged. As expected the visitors of the Olympic Games are likely to be associated with the different organisers in some or the other way. With some number of about 10,500 athletes who would be estimated to participate in about 42 sports as well as several international sponsors and officials. The people who are linked with the international Olympic federation and also the national governing bodies of several countries from where the athletes would be found to participate are also considered under the population. Including thousands of people from different perspectives a population about 3.50,000 to about 5,00,000 foreign tourists is estimated to arrive in the city of Rio De Jeneiro and the Brazilian spectators population who would be coming to the city is out of imagination (Conlin et al 2014).  The government of the country has undertaken national plans in order to create infrastructure development, airlines facilities so that the more international tourists would easily arrive at the city and watch out the Olympic Games. The Olympic games of 2016 at Rio De Jeneiro is estimated to be the main attraction for tourist to visit the place in 2016. In Rio de Jeneiro it has been estimated that Barra da Tijuca will be hosting all of the venues as well as the paraolympic games of the year 2016. The rest would be located in the other well known three zones of the host city which is also known as the Olympic village.

As per the statistical report the gradual increase in the number of tourist who are getting attracted to the city of Rio de Jeneiro is getting expanded day by day and the city is becoming successful in attracting more number of tourist because the government of the country re under constant review of the making visa availability to the tourists and also is enhancing the transportation facilities which are helping more and more number of people to come up to the city (Dickinson, et al 2014).  The city of Rio de Jeneiro is also applying focus on other activities for the purpose of developing the living standards of the people who are residing in the local community, this strategy is indirectly making certain level of encouragement over the use of various unsustainable natural resource utilisation through the process of hunting and farming. This is increasing the level of employment and gradually making an increase over the existing population of the city. 

Explanation on what makes the place attractive for the tourist

Various places of attractions in Rio de Jeneiro are vital reasons to make more number of tourists into the places. The several places of attraction in the city are the Sugarloaf Mountains, Tijuca forest, the national historical museum, the city of rocks and many more. The Sugar Loaf Mountains are estimated to be the highest peak at Rio De Jeneiro and it sticks to the Atlantic. This lonely mountain standing alone among several other monolithic granite as well as quartz rising straight from the water’s edge is one of the most famous attractive sites of the city (Eagles 2014). The different other attractive places are the main reason to make more number of tourist every year. The tourism system of the city is fabulous and it makes more and more number of tourists to visit the tourist places.  One of the most vital key service characteristics of the tourism system of the city of Rio De Jeneiro is that the most valuable location at which the consumption is mainly esteemed to take place does occur out of the normal homely environment. This does not mean that the tourism service industry of the city is completely intangible. The tourism system of the city of Rio De Jeneiro is estimated to be totally based on the available set of difficult infrastructure facilities as well as the use of several physical resources that are noticed to throw significant impact on the different places (Hall, et al 2014). Tourist are basically being motivated to make a visit to the city of Ro De Jeneiro due to various scenic beauty that are being conserved by the ministry department and even it is noticed that several tourist get attracted due to the cost structure which has been led down for the past few years in order to make the city experience high level of tourist. The transportation facilities available are also the most vital reason behind attraction of tourist to the place. Also it has been noticed that certain form of historical down turn which is currently estimated to undergo a large scale urban waterfront revitalization project has become a major place of tourist attraction within the city which is called the Porto Maravilha and it is estimated to cover about 5km square. This project has been basically undertaken for tourist destination development in order to make an increment over the cities attractions which would be helpful for the city to have more tourist get attracted and thus enhance the competitive position of the city of Rio De Jeneiro in comparison to the global economy (Hopeniene et al 2015). The government is noticed to have implemented national planning strategy which later got spread into the economic field. The two main objectives of this national plan were firstly to express a quantitative model of the country which would undertake international tourism systems. The governments of the country are basically noticed to bring development over the basic infrastructures, like developing roads, various hotels and visitors centers so that ore number of people would come get attracted to the scenic beauty.

 

Vital issues related to tourism and destination development

A variety of challenges or issues are being experienced by the tourism and destination development of the city of Rio de Jeneiro. The issues experienced are the:Lack of proper infrastructure- the infrastructure needs of the travel and tourism destination are often estimated to range from the certain form of physical infrastructure like the ports of entry and the modes of transport available (Jaguaribe, 2014).  The sector of the city which is noticed to be related to the tourism industry also includes airlines facilities, surface transport, and hotel accommodation.Human resources- ample availability of skilled manpower is very much vital in order to overcome the major issues that would be experienced for the tourism and destination development of the location of Rio De Jeneiro. To retain growth within the travel and tourism destination certain level of trained manpower and workforce is very much important at each and every level (Mason, 2015). Thus it is noticed that a high proportion of the untrained manpower would throw significant impact over the quality of service supplied to the tourist by people of that particular location.Varied regulatory issues- the visa making procedures are often estimated as the main vital issue behind the development over the destination which is Rio de Jeneiro for the Olympic games of 2016. The country of Brazil should therefore, provide visa on the basis of certain categories for a specific duration to let in tourist experience the Olympic Games (Mowforth, et al 2015).  The government of the country has undertaken several projects in the perspective of making destination development or else they have to experience destruction over the tourism and hospitality industry.Lack of adequate marketing and promotion- the concept of marketing and promotion is estimated to be the most major concept for destination as it helps them to attain success. The lack of adequate budgets and support in promoting and marketing is the major issue behind tourist and destination development.

Negative and positive impacts of tourism activity

From the perspective of tourism activity it could be stated that it possess both certain aspects of advantages and disadvantages.

Some of the advantages of the tourism activity have been illustrated below:

Increases the employment sector- tourism employment increases the opportunity of the local people and it is basically noticed that employing the millions of people has become much easier in this concept. The concept of international tourism system is actually being managed with perfect focus on the concept of poverty alleviation (Navickas, et al 2015). The international tourism system are noticed to directly benefit the poor groups of people by implementing them in the into different local enterprises or for the purpose of running small community based enterprises throwing positive impacts and making certain level of reduction on the poverty level. The international tourism system has been characterized by the two most popular trends which firstly involves the consolidation over the various traditional tourism destinations and making a geographical expansion. The system of international tourism in highly accessible to poor people living in the community of Rio De Jeneiro. As the concept of international tourism is highly labor intensive many activities that are being carried out within this sector are estimated to be well suited to women, to the young people and also for the various disadvantaged groups such as the ethnic minority population (Page, 2014). Several tourism jobs in the international tourism sector are estimated to be highly accessible to the poor people of the community and for such they relatively require few skills and some amount of investment to be made.Economic growth- various activities of tourism are considered helpful in developing the economy of the country and indirectly it helps in overall development of the GDP. It is highly beneficial for the local people of the community to earn a perfect form of livelihood. International tourism is mainly estimated to act as a stimulator for bringing developments in the system of foreign exchange earnings and establish indirect employment (Pai, et al 2014).  The international tourism system has been estimated to contribute about 5% of the world’s GDP. Some part of the Income level of Rio De Jeneiro was noticed to trickle down in between different groups of the community. The tourist destination like the city of Rio De Jeneiro have been successful in attracting a good number of foreign tourist for staging the Olympic Games of 2016 and this has been a lot helpful for the city to earn a good level of foreign exchange.

 

The disadvantages are:

Tourism activities are mainly estimated to involve a high expense on the perspective of the tourist and the travelling costs which are likely to include vehicle charges hotel charges and food cost. This increases the level of infringement over the human rights and creates huge displacement of the local people (Pegas et al 2014).  The crowding and congestion erodes away the traditional values and culture of the city.

The loss of scenic beauty is also a major form of disadvantage experienced through the different form of tourism activities.

Often the sufferings of the tourist vegetation becomes high due to the activities that would be carried in order to clear out spaces for staging the Olympic games of 2016 in the city of Rio De Jeneiro (Peng, et al 2015).

Policy implications to achieve sustainable tourism development

  • It is strongly recommended that sustainable tourism planning is important integrating the national and regional development plan which would further help in strengthening the actions and help in building up several skills. Different public policies, governance mechanisms and stakeholders should be involved in this process and the planners should make use of the legal as well as fiscal regimes (Rosselló-Nadal 2014).
  • Tourism development planning and destination development should look into the various potential negative impacts of the extensive tourism operation over land price over ownership patterns by supplying aesthetic value of landscape.
  • It would be important for both the government of the country and the stakeholders to consider the various forms of regional approaches in order to make sustainable tourism development (Sharpley, et al 2014).
  • The responsible destination developers should participate on the different types of initiatives as well as process that is supported by the international task force over sustainable tourism development on climate change which might throw impact over the destined location.
 

Conclusion

From the range of discussion in the assignment based on the “International tourism system”, it could be stated that tourism system actually acts a web generally in which each part is noticed to have been inter connected with the generating regions of tourism system. The changes over the tourism system are basically influenced by the various forms of tourist experiences and this helps in developing new routes and perspectives thus making certain form of significant changes over the varied components of the tourism system (Steinbrink, 2014). The international tourist systems are estimated to throw significant impact over the social, economical, political and cultural environment of the destinations from which the systems are basically introduced. Actually, the generating region and the destination are estimated to be the most prime focus of the international tourism system that trough significant impact over the communities and environments bringing in cultural changes and establishing socio- economic developments.

 

References-

Benur, A. M., & Bramwell, B. (2015). Tourism product development and product diversification in destinations. Tourism Management, 50, 213-224.

Clift, S., & Page, S. (2015). Health and the International Tourist (Routledge Revivals). Routledge.

Conlin, M. V., & Bird, G. R. (Eds.). (2014). Railway heritage and tourism: global perspectives (Vol. 37). Channel View Publications.

Dickinson, J. E., Ghali, K., Cherrett, T., Speed, C., Davies, N., & Norgate, S. (2014). Tourism and the smartphone app: Capabilities, emerging practice and scope in the travel domain. Current Issues in Tourism, 17(1), 84-101.

Eagles, P. F. (2014). Research priorities in park tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 22(4), 528-549.

Espiner, S., & Becken, S. (2014). Tourist towns on the edge: Conceptualising vulnerability and resilience in a protected area tourism system. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 22(4), 646-665.

Hall, M. C., & Page, S. J. (2014). The geography of tourism and recreation: Environment, place and space. Routledge.

Hopeniene, R., Railiene, G., & Kazlauskiene, E. (2015). Potential of virtual organizing of tourism business system actors. Engineering Economics, 63(4).

Jaguaribe, B. (2014). Rio de Janeiro: Urban Life Through the Eyes of the City. Routledge.

 Mason, P. (2015). Tourism impacts, planning and management. Routledge.

Mowforth, M., & Munt, I. (2015). Tourism and sustainability: Development, globalisation and new tourism in the third world. Routledge.

Navickas, V., & Malakauskaite, A. (2015). The possibilities for the identification and evaluation of tourism sector competitiveness factors. Engineering Economics, 61(1).

Page, S. J. (2014). Tourism management. Routledge.

 Pai, P. F., Hung, K. C., & Lin, K. P. (2014). Tourism demand forecasting using novel hybrid system. Expert Systems with Applications, 41(8), 3691-3702.

Pegas, F. D. V., & Castley, J. G. (2014). Ecotourism as a conservation tool and its adoption by private protected areas in Brazil. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 22(4), 604-625.

Peng, B., Song, H., & Crouch, G. I. (2014). A meta-analysis of international tourism demand forecasting and implications for practice. Tourism Management, 45, 181-193.

Rosselló-Nadal, J. (2014). How to evaluate the effects of climate change on tourism. Tourism Management, 42, 334-340.

Sharpley, R., & Telfer, D. J. (Eds.). (2014). Tourism and development: concepts and issues (Vol. 63). Channel View Publications.

Steinbrink, M. (2014). Festifavelisation: mega-events, slums and strategic city-staging–the example of Rio de Janeiro. DIE ERDE–Journal of the Geographical Society of Berlin, 144(2), 129-145.

 Tribe, J. (2015). The economics of recreation, leisure and tourism. Routledge.

Westin, F. F., dos Santos, M. A., & Martins, I. D. (2014). Hydropower expansion and analysis of the use of strategic and integrated environmental assessment tools in Brazil. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 37, 750-761.

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