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Interoperability : Challenge Facing Internet Of Things

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Question:

Discuss about the Interoperability for Challenge Facing Internet of Things.
 
 

Answer:

Introduction

This report is based on concept of security and privacy in Internet of Things (IoT).  Internet of  Things is a term that refers to connection of devices to internet. There are multiple devices that are connected to Internet that includes home appliances, mobile devices, and medical equipments for monitoring patients and computers systems that are used at different workplaces and for education purpose. According to another definition of IoT, it is a network of inter-connected objects that is used for collection and exchange of data to different locations by using embedded sensors. With the enhancement of IoT, the conversation about this topic is increasing continuously at workplaces. IoT is not only a concept about how we live but it is about how we work. Whether usage of IoT is highly preferred to use in business organizations, but there are lots of complexities found around the IoT. Besides these complexities, some major issues are also found in IoT and these issues are concerned with security and privacy of Internet of Things. The purpose of making this report is to emphasize on these main issues of IoT and also provide some recommendations to resolve these issues. The major topics that we will cover here in this report are challenges, technologies, research questions and applications of IoT and its impact on real life of its users (Datafloq.com, 2017).

There is not only one industry that is related to IoT. Various industries such as retail, manufacturing, banks, logistics etc. are influenced with challenges of IoT that are discussed in next segment of report.

 

Challenges of Internet of Things

Following are some essential challenges of IoT that must be considered by its users.

  1. Privacy
  2. Security
  3. Development
  4. Standards

The maintenance of privacy has become a big challenge for developers of IoT. There are connected devices that are used for sending and receiving data over different networks in IoT. So there are various chances to violation of privacy of users’ data. It is matter of trust of users that they use IoT for their different purposes. That is why, it is duty of developers to maintain high level of privacy (Forbes.com, 2017). 

Security maintenance is also a challenging part of Internet of Things. The common security issues found in IoT are hacking, phishing, DDoS attacks and another virus attacks. These attacks put very harmful impact over databases, servers and other systems or devices that are connected with IoT and consists of huge amount of data of customers. The appropriate usage of advanced security techniques and tools is necessary to use by IoT developers (IoT Agenda, 2017).

IoT holds promise in various emerging economies to deliver effective social and economic benefits. But due to critical challenges of IoT in areas where lack of market readiness, policy requirements and technical skills are found, there development of IoT is less among IT users. It is a challenge for IoT to enhance its development in these areas (Meola, 2017).

Another challenging factor of IoT is lack of open practices and standards for devices that are connected with IoT. Indeed, every device that is connected with IoT has its own standards and specifications that may cause conflicts in networks while transferring of data. That is why it will be better to apply open practices and standards to Internet of Things for better communication and information sharing among people (Olavsrud, 2017).

 

Problem of Internet of Things

Besides above discussed challenges of IoT, there are also some problems found in IoT by its uses and that problems are listed as below:

  • One of the major problems of IoT is regarding nature of IoT. The devices connected with IoT consists of different data sets and also belong to different data streams. This thing causes some issues in Management of data (com, 2017).
  • Another identified problem in IoT is related to monitoring and tracking of devices. The applications of IoT are deep and wide in size and these are used at different workplaces that are virtually connected with IoT. Due to this, some problems are found in monitoring and tracking of hijacking of these devices that can be a big problem for IoT.

The relevant technologies of IoT are required to resolve problems and challenges of IoT regarding security and privacy of data. These technologies will help to maintain security and privacy of devices that are connected with IoT and data that is saved into these devices. Some relevant technologies for IoT are listed as below (Network World, 2017):

  • First relevant technology is for network security. As we know that huge amount of data is transferred over IoT through devices that are connected with it through networks. The security of these networks is important to maintain by using network monitoring tools such as Wireshark (Prophet Thinking, 2017).
  • Another relevant technology that will be beneficial to use by IoT is authentication for maintaining security. The authentication of devices that are connected with IoT is required, so that no unauthorized access can be implemented. It is also important to maintain security and privacy of multiple users who are transferring and receiving data through IoT devices (Roe, 2017). In this case, biometrics, digital certificate techniques can be used (com, 2017).
  • Encryption technique is also a relevant technology that can be used by developers of IoT to proper security. It is a technique to transfer data over network in unreadable format that is hard to understand by hackers. It is one of the best ways to maintain internet security (Mitchell, 2017).
 

Applications of Technologies

The relevant technologies of IoT that are used for security and privacy purposes have several applications areas. All those business organizations and other workplaces where IoT is used to perform different business activities, there these relevant applications can be used.

The term Internet of Things (IoT) is cleared to all IT users. But still there are some points that are required to clear to users. After research on this topic, we got following research questions and with these research questions IT users wants to get clarification about these queries.

Question 1: What is interesting use of IoT?

Answer: According to analysis, we got to know that the most interesting and significant use of IoT is use of sensors that can be used to sense infective awareness in cities.

Question 2: Which factor enhances the benefits of IoT?

Answer: The most important factor of IoT that enhances its benefits is interoperability. This factor of interoperability is required to create programming of devices and sensors that have possibility of full connected experience.

Issues of IoT discussed in Report

The main issues of IoT that are discussed in report are related to its security, privacy, development and standards. These issues are required to monitor and control by IoT developers by doing all potential efforts. Besides this information about issues of IoT, another important information that we would like to discuss here in this report is about data breaching that is occurred due to cyber-attack. With the frequent use of IoT devices, physical inaccuracy is found in these devices and it further leads to lack of security and privacy of data i.e. data breaching. Besides this, issues of repetition of accessing data and high risk of security also occur (Forbes.com, 2017).

In above segments of this report, all essential issues regarding IoT are discussed in detail. But an important issue is left to discuss in this report and that important issue is regarding storage issue. The issue of storage of data is not a small issue because multiple devices are connected with IoT. If data of all devices that are connected with IoT, will not be stored properly then issue of lack of security and privacy can occur. With the increment in connected devices to IoT, this problem is also increasing. In this case, to handle this issue, some policies are made by IoT developers regarding storage of data online. According to this policy, it is necessary to decide that what type of information is required to store on IoT devices and for how long. In this way, only important information will be stored on IoT devices for a specific period of time (McKinsey & Company, 2017).

 

Effect of discussed issues and their applications on Real Life

IoT has big influence over real life of its customers because they store their large amount of data on devices that are connected with IoT. In this report, we have already discussed about issues and challenges of IoT and these are directly put influence on data of users. Data breaching, hacking, phishing etc. are common issues that can damage users’ data that is sent and received over network. Therefore, it is priority of IoT developers to be careful about these issues and keep promise to provide error free issues service to users.

After this whole discussion about IoT, we got to know that IoT is an advanced term of Information Technology that has already become popular among people worldwide due to its unique features to manage huge amount of data of different devices. Therefore, business organizations should use this technology for better Management of business data. But in this report, we have also emphasized on security issues of IoT and another challenges. These things are important to keep in mind while using any IoT service. The developers should be aware about new security technology that can be used for handling above discussed IoT issues and problems. Any service of information technology is concerned with issues of security and privacy of data and in this case techniques like cryptography, network monitoring and use of anti-virus and firewall etc. will be helpful.

 

References

Olavsrud, T. (2017). 5 Key Challenges Facing the Industrial Internet of Things. CIO. Retrieved 4 May 2017, from https://www.cio.com/article/2872574/it-industry/5-key-challenges-facing-the-industrial-internet-of-things.html

Datamation.com. (2017). The Internet of Things: 7 Challenges - Datamation. Retrieved 4 May 2017, from https://www.datamation.com/data-center/the-internet-of-things-7-challenges.html

Mitchell, R. (2017). 5 challenges of the Internet of Things | APNIC Blog. APNIC Blog. Retrieved 4 May 2017, from https://blog.apnic.net/2015/10/20/5-challenges-of-the-internet-of-things/

Prophet Thinking. (2017). Interoperability: The Challenge Facing the Internet of Things | Altimeter. Retrieved 4 May 2017, from https://www.prophet.com/thinking/2014/02/interoperability-the-challenge-facing-the-internet-of-things/

McKinsey & Company. (2017). The Internet of Things: Five critical questions. Retrieved 4 May 2017, from https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/high-tech/our-insights/the-internet-of-things-five-critical-questions

Datamation.com.(2017). The Internet of Things: 7 Challenges - Datamation. Retrieved 4 May 2017, from https://www.datamation.com/data-center/the-internet-of-things-7-challenges.html

Forbes.com. (2017). Forbes Welcome. Retrieved 4 May 2017, from https://www.forbes.com/sites/gilpress/2017/03/20/6-hot-internet-of-things-iot-security-technologies/#480bac6e1b49

Roe, D. (2017). 7 Big Problems with the Internet of Things. CMSWire.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017, from https://www.cmswire.com/cms/internet-of-things/7-big-problems-with-the-internet-of-things-024571.php

Network World. (2017). Preparing for the Age of IoT. Retrieved 4 May 2017, from https://www.networkworld.com/article/3026315/internet-of-things/6-critical-issues-facing-the-internet-of-things.html

IoT Agenda. (2017). What is Internet of Things (IoT)? - Definition from WhatIs.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017, from https://internetofthingsagenda.techtarget.com/definition/Internet-of-Things-IoT

Meola, A. (2017). What is the Internet of Things (IoT)?. Business Insider. Retrieved 4 May 2017, from https://www.businessinsider.com/what-is-the-internet-of-things-definition-2016-8?IR=T

Datafloq.com. (2017). Three Major Challenges for the Internet of Things. Retrieved 4 May 2017, from https://datafloq.com/read/three-major-challenges-internet-of-things/83

Forbes.com. (2017). A Simple Explanation Of 'The Internet Of Things'. Retrieved 7 May 2017, from https://www.forbes.com/sites/jacobmorgan/2014/05/13/simple-explanation-internet-things-that-anyone-can-understand/#24a46e421d09

McKinsey & Company. (2017). The Internet of Things. Retrieved 7 May 2017, from https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/high-tech/our-insights/the-internet-of-things

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