Discuss about the Informatics 3D Printing.
Informatics is a process of informatics processing and also includes science and engineering that is associated with information systems. In is an applied branch of information science. There are several advancements and enhancements that have been done in the area of informatics. One of the additions in the series of latest additions is 3D printing. It is a process in which three dimensional objects are created which makes use of computer controlled material layers for the formation of the object. The report covers the information on 3D printing and the concepts that are associated with it.
3D Printing – Additive Manufacturing
3D printing is also commonly referred as additive manufacturing. It is because of the reason that the electronic data sources as additive manufacturing files are used in this case. Three dimensional objects are created using these electronic data sources along with computer controlled layers of materials. These materials are used for the creation of the objects by adding the material layer by layer. Computer aided design (CAD) model is also used for 3D printing. Additive Manufacturing is an umbrella term that came into existence in 2000. With the development of evolved senses, 3D printing began to be referred as additive manufacturing (Livescience, 2017). There are several processes and categories that come under additive manufacturing and these include binder jetting, material extrusion, sheer lamination and power bed fusion.
These categories and processes are also used in the process of 3D printing and manufacturing. In this process, binder material is used on the power bed by making use of inkjet printer. Additive manufacturing is a term that is used in a broader sense to describe the details of 3D printing.
3D Printing – Production Level
Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) is a technology which is used behind the execution of the process of 3D printing. This is the reason that these forms of printing processes are most suitable for low volumes of production.
FDM technology is similar to the high-end industrial counterparts in which material extrusion and layered deposition of the materials take place. The capabilities of the printers however differ. There are two categories of FDM as industrial and desktop FDM. The standard accuracy in both the cases are around 0.15% and 1% respectively. The higher accuracy in case of industrial FDM is because of the reason of increased control of processing parameters in the process of printing (Varotsis, 2017).
PLA and ABS are the two categories of materials that are most commonly used for the purpose of printing. These materials can be used for various printing applications, such as, prototyping, fir and function along with the low level production volumes.
Industrial 3D printers that make use of industrial FDM have the low and medium production levels. However, in the case of desktop 3D printers that make use of desktop FDM have the low production levels. The difference in the capability and production levels between the industrial FDM and desktop FDM is because of the reason of difference in accuracy, material utilized, maximum build envelope and minimum wall thickness. The printing envelope in case of the industrial printers is larger as compared to the desktop printers. This can allow the simultaneously printing of one or more models.
There are also additional features that are present in industrial FDM that include reliability and repeatability. This is also one of the reason behind better production levels and volumes for 3D printers making use of industrial FDM. The same parts and objects can be produced and created time and again. The calibration level is better in the case of desktop FDM printers.
Situations in which 3D Printing is more valuable
3D Printing is more valuable in many cases and situations. These cases and situations are as listed below.
- This form of printing is used when the time to market that is required is less. This is because the development of the ideas can be done quickly by making use of 3D printing. This provides the companies with competitive edge and advantage.
- The companies that are startups and are new in the market have limited budget and funds. These firms wish to have the printing mechanisms that are relatively low on costs. This can be made possible by using 3D printing techniques as the production runs and mold test used in the case of traditional manufacturing are more expensive.
- 3D printing is also valuable in the industries, such as, medical, dental, fashion and jewelry world. This is because of the reason that custom fits can be made possible with the aid of this printing mechanism and technology(Openbiomedical, 2015).
- The applications and business processes that include increased use of communication and interaction need such tools and pictures that are visually appealing and attractive. In such cases, 3D printing methods and mechanisms are preferred and prove to be more valuable.
Leading Research & Investment in 3D Printing
There is a lot of research work that is going on in the field of 3D printing. A lot many research and investment firms are carrying out various projects in this subject to come up with many innovations and latest applications.
- Automotive and industrial manufacturing firms are focus upon the methods and mechanisms for the consolidation of different components as an integrated unit. Production of spare parts and creation of production tooling is also being extensively researched. The method to create faster production cycles and prototyping is also being looked into (Abrams, 2016).
- Aerospace industries and firms are also researching on the possibilities in the area of 3D printing. Creation of the geometrical parts and processes that are otherwise not possible in the case of traditional manufacturing is being researched. Creation of the lighter parts so that the bulky nature of the equipment can be avoided is also being researched along with the control of density and stiffness.
- Healthcare and pharmaceutical industries are finding out the methods for advanced medical trainings with the use of 3D printers. Development of the custom orthopedic implants along with bio printing of live tissues and planning of medical surgeries using 3D printing is also being researched for the development and improvement of the state of health services(Curran, 2016).
- Retail industries are look for methods to create advanced design and products using the process of 3D printing. Printing of the repair and spare parts is also being looked in to with the aid of 3D printers and technologies.
- Fitness and sports industries are making protective gear with the aid of 3D printers that are high on demand in the market. Creation of the specific and particular geometrical shapes cannot be possible with the use of traditional practices and manufacturing processes.
3D Printing vs Traditional Manufacturing
3D printing has started to replace traditional manufacturing processes due to the advanced technologies and features that are used in the former process.
There are no special tools that are required to be included in the case of 3D printing which is not possible with traditional manufacturing processes. Due to this reason, a lot of time, effort and money is saved in the process of creation of the prototype. There can also be changes that may come up in terms of the design and customer expectations. These changes can be handled in a better manner using 3D printers. There is lesser material that is utilized in 3D printing processes as only material that gets utilized is in the extrusion process. The amount of waste that is generated and created by 3D printers is also lesser as compared to traditional manufacturing (Sculpteo, 2017).
3D printing can be made possible by making use of many different materials such as different metals along with the polymers. The number and type of material that can be used in this case is also higher in number as compared to the traditional manufacturing processes (Dong, 2017).
There can be many benefits that will be provided to the organizations and business units in terms of competitive edge and advantage. There will also be benefits that will be provided to the end users as their expectations will be met (Attaran, 2017).
Recommendations & Conclusion
It is recommended that the latest research mechanisms and methods are used in case of 3D printers for the enhancement of features and functionality. The efficiency and production levels will also improve with the use of these practices and operations. There are various situations in which 3D printers are more valuable, such as, medical, dental, fashion and jewelry world. This is because of the reason that custom fits can be made possible with the aid of this printing mechanism and technology. There are no special tools that are required to be included in the case of 3D printing which is not possible with traditional manufacturing processes. Due to this reason, a lot of time, effort and money is saved in the process of creation of the prototype.
There are several areas and sectors that 3D printers are being used and applied. These include practical objects along with commercial tools and applications. This has been possible due to the use of enhanced technology and the latest mechanisms that have been developed.
Abrams, M. (2016). Top 6 innovations in 3D Printing. Obtenido de https://www.asme.org/engineering-topics/articles/manufacturing-design/top-6-innovations-3d-printing
Attaran, M. (2017). The rise of 3-D printing: The advantages of additive manufacturing over traditional manufacturing. Business Horizons, 677-688.
Curran, C. (2016). The road ahead for 3D Printing. Obtenido de https://usblogs.pwc.com/emerging-technology/the-road-ahead-for-3d-printing/
Dong, L. (2017). 3D Printing vs. Traditional Flexible Technology: Implications for Operations Strategy. SSRN Electronic Journal.
Livescience. (2017). 3D Printing. Obtenido de https://www.livescience.com/topics/3d-printing
Openbiomedical. (2015). Medical Applications are Leading the Next Generation of 3D Printing Hype. Obtenido de https://www.openbiomedical.org/medical-applications-are-leading-the-next-generation-of-3d-printing-hype/
Sculpteo. (2017). Comparison between 3D Printing and Traditional Manufacturing Processes for Plastics . Obtenido de https://www.sculpteo.com/en/3d-printing/3d-printing-and-traditional-manufacturing-processes
Varotsis, A. (2017). Industrial FDM vs Desktop FDM. Obtenido de https://www.3dhubs.com/knowledge-base/industrial-fdm-vs-desktop-fdm