Discuss about the systems thinking is Critical in developing solutions to Sustainability Challenges.
Sustainability is a widely used term by the businesses across the globe. The underlying idea behind sustainability is to meet the common needs to consider and act beyond time. The recognition and trendiness of sustainability has already permitted in managing progress required for global sustainable development. In order to gain a sustainable approach it is evident to capture inter-connected, compound sustainability challenge in a practical and solution-based approach (Pandey and Kumar, 2016).
Systems’ thinking is a trans-disciplinary framework used for maintaining interrelationships rather than things. This is a systematic approach deliberately been used for seeing patterns of change rather than static snapshots. Consequently, a system thinker frames a problem over time, as a substitute to focus on meticulous events. System thinking approach is useful in dealing with the problem of sustainability. Nowadays system thinking has been used by various academician and practitioners. The approach was found by Professor Jay forrestr in 1956(Haines, 2016).
The core principle behind the concept is to develop a plan to conceptualize and act towards the systematic integration of socio-environmental and economic magnitude of sustainability. According to this approach the provision for leveraging management intricacies are relative to other methods. This also entails the entire depiction and appreciative context whilst concurrently appreciating connections between levels (Kerzner, 2013).
The research paper examine the wicked problem in isolation. All these problems are a part of a vast system of consistent network and therefore systems thinking approach is crucial in figuring solutions for such problems. It is difficult for an individual to analyse few of its parts because one cannot understand the behaviour of a system. Further the report evaluates the role of systems thinking in Fracking (Coal-Seam Gas extraction) in Australia. The rationale is to draw attention to one of the wicked problems particularly the pollution caused due to the process of Fracking. I personally agree with the statement that, ‘systems thinking is critical in developing solutions to sustainability challenges. This approach outlines systematic method to deal with the issue. A system thinker is the one who struggles to distinguish between the microscopic details through his trans-disciplinary approach (Dobson, 2007).
Fracking is used to develop the flow of gas from creation that is difficult to access due to profundity and rock composition. This technique is not employed for all coal seam gas deposits. However, the number is likely to go up in the future as well are drilled into spaces, where gas is not effortlessly extracted (How is coal seam gas extracted? 2017). The present gas crises are the primary example of how energy policy is been mishandled in Australia. In the latest statement given by the Australian Energy Operator, the gas industry has made a clear statement regarding the shortage of gas. The declining gas production may result in an increase in demand by GPG for supply of electricity in summers of 2018-19. This is putting a pressure on increasing gas exploration and eliminating the suspension on fracking that exists in Victoria and the Northern Territory (Rijke, 2016). A shortage in the gas supply is putting a pressure on increasing the gas supply. The shortage statistics conceal the detail that Australia is not distressed from a lack of gas. This is one of the odd things that are predicted for 2019. AEMO also remarked about the demand for gas in Australia has in reality fallen ever since 2012(Jericho, 2017).
Within the industry it has become important to implement an environmental strategy by developing strict laws. An Environmental strategy affect an organization and the products been produced by them. It is moreover important for the industry to develop sustainable growth. It is only possible if, proper measures are taken in developing goals. Majority of actions are important for implementing a sustainable plan. In order to match up with the environmental effectiveness, it is important to develop an efficient framework to match up with the expectations. The current industry requires trendiness to the concept of sustainability (Dincer and Rosen, 2012). It is already an important aspect in managing progress requisite for global sustainable development. The problem related to fracking has created a pressure over the Australian government. The focus is to develop sustainable concept and allowing a well-defined framework in dealing with the issues. System thinking is a future based approach. The focus is to deal with the ongoing issues and to find a suitable solution. Sustainability and environment growth is an important concept developed in the recent time. This approach has grown multi-folded creating a wide scope for development. The growth is only possible if actions are undertaken appropriately (Baumgartner and Korhonen, 2010.). In order to match up with the expectations and sustainability concept, the primary focus is to think systematically. Systematic thinking in sustainability has created avenues in order to maintain long-term goals for the purpose of environmental growth and development. System dynamic model is used to combine with the technology and environment. There is a continuous need to change the perspective in order o gain effectiveness. By combining technology it is easy to manage the ineffectiveness. The negative part of the loop can be ignored. The approach therefore considers an efficient approach in order to match up with the expectations. The environmental movement is important for avoiding ineffectiveness and including all the important dynamics in maintaining pace with the changing environment. The direct goal of using the technique is to maintain an effective relationship in the system by incorporating sustainable environmental factors. The core aspect of the process is to match up with the sustainable environmental goals and to develop a desired process. It is best viewed as an environment management process through which one can continuously view the changes in the environment (Rogers, Jalal and Boyd, 2012). Review can be done on an easy way by changing the internal and external factors. A Key principle is improved both the environment and the performance in order to develop economy. More priority needs to be given to managing the functions in the most appropriate way. By modelling the requirements it is easy to meet the necessary role and growing environmental dynamics in order to gain competency (Grin, Rotmans and Schot, 2010).
Environment sustainability is an important concept need to be managed in order to develop today’s business environment. The industrial problems are growing widely and a multi-disciplinary approach is all needed to match up with the expectations. The modelling is conceptualized as a way through which the process of sustainable growth and development is made. This model allow in gaining systematized knowledge in order to manage issues arising in the environment. System thinking frames problem in terms of behavior over time by focusing over a particular event. This approach is based on a macroscopic context by managing the sustainable challenges. Through this system it is possible to facilitate changes by reducing the confusion and the chaos. By determining the sustainable activities it is possible to facilitate effectiveness. Managing the sustainable growth and development is a tough task for the economy (Boudet, Clarke, Bugden, Maibach, Roser-Renouf, and Leiserowitz, 2014).
The wicked issue pertaining to sustainable growth and development is important to be managed. It is important to keep a balance in between the environment and economic development. Australia is expecting an increase in demand by GPG for energy production. The expansion of oil and gas industry has long-term impacts on the environment. The extraction process combines with dangerous chemicals that have a huge impact on the environment (Kovats, et al 2014). The process is controversial because the process has an ill impact on the air, water and soil. 4 percent of methane escapes into the atmosphere during the process of fracking. The ancillary components of the fracking process have an ill-impact on the environment. The pollutant caused during the process decreases the availability of clean air (Wilber, 2015). In such a situation it is evident to imply system thinking in order to manage the environment. Fracking has a long term impact and it can only be reduced if proper measures are undertaken by the government authorities. The process not only pollutes air but also contributes to water pollution. Water contamination is one of the serious issues faced due to the process of fracking. The process of system thinking must focus on developing inherent capabilities by opting for an alternate. In this way it will be possible to manage the situation in a proper way. The chemicals used in the process of fracking have a capacity to leak back. There is a need to develop a proper plan and procedure. This will help in meeting the results in a better way. The system thinking approach is important to focus on how one constituent of system will interact with the other constituent. System thinking is important for dealing with the complex issues. Te sustainability challenges find difficulty in adapting the established protocols. There is no unified approach or process to deal with the wicked problem. System thinking is useful for dealing with the problems by managing the crucial steps. It can be done by developing different set of skills and technological process for gaining sustainable result. This model involves: Framing the issue using dynamic thinking and system process, Building understanding using the operational framework and communicating it using emphatic thinking.
There is a need to involve system thinking approach in the course study of the higher education programme. By doing this, the student will be able to understand the problem and pluralistic vie of the world. The researcher needs to show the practical implication of the subject. In this way it will be easy for each and every individual to develop the mindset by incorporating system thinking. The world is facing serious climatic issues. The technical implication of the will allow in managing the serious issues. By developing an understanding of environmental issues at a junior level, it is possible for the student to find out an effective framework. There is a necessity of developing an informative environment to deal with the wicked problems. This will allow in managing the issues in a systematic way without any problem. The first dimension is related to management of a systematic changes taking place in the environment. The second dimension is related to establishment of relationship in between both the process. On the basis of overall analysis it is possible to generate knowledge and finding relationship between the elements. There is a necessity to develop a relation between the problem and the solution. This will allow in finding out the most suitable process to deal with the problem (Batley and Kookana, 2012).
There are certain arguments opposing the relevance of system thinking approach. On one hand the experts support the use of system thinking in dealing with the problems. On the other hand it is difficult for the officials to implement process. It is challenging for the Government Authorities. System thinking is applied to that process that does not have an effective solution. It is easy to work on a problem if the boundaries of the problem are decided (What is Fracking, 2013).
On the basis of above discussions it is clear that system thinking is an important approach in today’s changing global environment. The traditional method used for dealing with the problems is growing at a rapid rate. Government authorities and mine owners need to find out an effective framework to deal with the ongoing problem. Australian government has incorporated effective measures to deal with the problem. It is evident to manage the serious issue to reduce the future impact. The recognition and trendiness of sustainability has already permitted in managing progress required for global sustainable development
Batley, G.E. and Kookana, R.S., 2012. Environmental issues associated with coal seam gas recovery: managing the fracking boom. Environmental Chemistry, 9(5), pp.425-428.
Baumgartner, R.J. and Korhonen, J., 2010. Strategic thinking for sustainable development. Sustainable Development, 18(2), pp.71-75.
Boudet, H., Clarke, C., Bugden, D., Maibach, E., Roser-Renouf, C. and Leiserowitz, A., 2014. “Fracking” controversy and communication: Using national survey data to understand public perceptions of hydraulic fracturing. Energy Policy, 65, pp.57-67.
Dincer, I. and Rosen, M.A., 2012. Exergy: energy, environment and sustainable development. Newnes.
Dobson, A., 2007. Environmental citizenship: towards sustainable development. Sustainable development, 15(5), pp.276-285.
Grin, J., Rotmans, J. and Schot, J., 2010. Transitions to sustainable development: new directions in the study of long term transformative change. Routledge.
Haines, S., 2016. The systems thinking approach to strategic planning and management. CRC Press.
How is coal seam gas extracted?, 2017. Online. Available at: https://www.resourcesandenergy.nsw.gov.au/landholders-and-community/coal-seam-gas/the-facts/how-is-coal-seam-gas-extracted Accessed on: 26 August 2017
Jericho, G.2017. Fracking and coal seam gas is no solution to an energy crisis of our own making. Online. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/business/grogonomics/2017/mar/21/fracking-and-coal-seam-gas-is-no-solution-to-an-energy-crisis-of-our-own-making Accessed on: 26 August 2017
Kerzner, H., 2013. Project management: a systems approach to planning, scheduling, and controlling. John Wiley & Sons.
Kovats, S., Depledge, M., Haines, A., Fleming, L.E., Wilkinson, P., Shonkoff, S.B. and Scovronick, N., 2014. The health implications of fracking. The Lancet, 383(9919), p.757.
Pandey, A. and Kumar, A., 2016. System Thinking Approach to Deal with Sustainability Challenges. System, 29, p.30.
Rijke, K.2016. Australian gas: between a fracked rock and a socially hard place. Online. Available at: https://theconversation.com/australian-gas-between-a-fracked-rock-and-a-socially-hard-place-74932 Accessed on: 26 August 2017
Rogers, P.P., Jalal, K.F. and Boyd, J.A., 2012. An introduction to sustainable development. Earthscan.
What is Fracking, 2013 Online. Available at: https://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2013/12/04/3861669.htm Accessed on: 26 August 2017
Wilber, T., 2015. Under the surface: Fracking, fortunes, and the fate of the Marcellus Shale.