The IOT is a paradigm where the objects of our daily use would be equipped with the technology of sensing, identifying, networking as well as communicating among themselves as well as to the users in order to accomplish certain objectives(Agarwal, 2014). The following article reports about some of the fantastic projects going on, which would ease the work of humans and will provide a more efficient system. This article also highlights the inherent challenges of using the technology in our day to day activities.
Monitoring Of Garbage System :
Maintaining The Appropriate Moisture Level In Fields.
Street Light Maintenance
The system monitors these bins and reports about the garbage level that got collected in the bins through a web page. For this purpose, this system makes use of ultrasonic sensors that are placed in those bins to detect the level of garbage and to compare it with the depth of the bin. It makes use of AVR family micro controller, Wi-Fi modem to send data, a buzzer and LCD screen. It gets power by the help of a transformer of 12V. LCD is used to display the garbage level in those bins. At the same time, a web page built is used to show the status of the system to that user who is monitoring it. This web page provides a graphical view of the bins and highlights the amount of garbage collected in a different color to show the garbage level that got collected. A buzzer is put on by the system when the garbage level crosses the set limit.
The project IOT Garbage Monitoring system is an innovative system that will help in keeping the cities cleaner. Hence this system assists to keep the city neat by reporting about the level of garbages of those bins by giving a graphical view via IOT based system(IOT Garbage Monitoring System Project, NevonProjects, 2017).
However, the system faces the common challenge of compatibility and longevity, connectivity and intelligence analysis and actions. The IOT is supposed to last long, and hence the standardization of equipment used is necessary to prevent the system from being obsolete. At the same time, intelligence analysis and actions present a challenge in the situation of data flaws(IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 2017).
The system uses wifi, Arduino Uno board to send the signals to control and connect to the website. The system enables the user to modify and view the status of moisture and motor. The moisture level can be checked from a remote distance and can be altered in a desired manner. It enables the farmer to operate the water-motor from a distant area and will thus increase productivity as well as would stop the degradation of land and water resources(IOT Irrigation Monitoring & Controller System, NevonProjects, 2017).
Farmers work on the large area of land to produce different varieties of crops. It is always not possible for a single person to keep track of the entire farm area at all the times. At times it may be possible that a given tract of land gets more water which may lead to waterlogging, or it may get far less or nil water at all which may lead to the arid soil. In both of the situation, the crops may get affected adversely, and the farmer might suffer losses(Dlodlo, 2017). An IOT based solution can be used to solve the above-mentioned problem, which can monitor
and control the supply of water in order to maintain the perfect level of moisture as well as assuring the judicious use of water resources.
However, the system faces the challenges of its compatibility over a vast area having different requirement of water. The connectivity will remain a major issue, and would need deployment of extra hardware and will thus enhance the complexities. The other factors like its longevity will also remain a major challenge, and therefore standardization of equipment is of utmost importance because the lot things are meant to serve for a longer period even if the original manufacturers stop production(Dickson, 2016).
The proposed system consists of smart street lights that have the ability to sense the external light and automatically adjust the intensity of light as desired according to the external environment. In this system, each unit has the load sensing functionality which would help it to detect any fault in the system. It automatically flags that light, and the data is sent over to the IOT monitoring system, which then fixes it. In this system, there is the use of IOTGecko development platform for the online system and Kotecki API to send data and view it online. The system uses wifi module, at mega 328 micro controllers, rectifier, regulator, power supply, street lights, a light sensor as the main hardware whereas programming language C and Arduino compiler are the principal software in use.
An IOT based street light system can be helpful in controlling and monitoring effectively. It will ensure consumption monitoring, low consumption of power instant detection of faulty lights and light dimming according to external conditions. The proposed system also enables the user controlling and monitoring the system to predict the daily consumption by the intensity of light as well as monthly requirement.
The above system may face the challenge of data flaws due to the failure of intelligence analysis and requisite action. It may also face issues like security of the system from other anti-social elements. At the same time, the issue of longevity remains and therefore requires the use of standard products, such that the system doesn’t become obsolete with time(Narayanan, 2017).
The IoT promises to make the lives of people better by automation and augmentation. However, at present, it also faces some challenges. It needs proper attention to make this an enduring technology.
Dickson, B. (2016). 4 Major Technical Challenges Facing IoT Developers — SitePoint. SitePoint.
Dlodlo, N. (2017). The internet of things in agriculture for sustainable rural development - IEEE Xplore Document.
Narayanan, k. (2017). Addressing The Challenges Facing IoT Adoption | 2017-01-15 | Microwave Journal
Anagnostopoulos, T. (2015). IOT Garbage Monitoring System Project
IOT Irrigation Monitoring & Controller System NevonProjects. (2017).
IOT Streetlight Controller System | NevonProjects. (2015.
Agarwal, a. (2014). The Internet of Things—A survey of topics and trends.
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