According to The Atlantic.com in their article, “Hacking the brain”, it is being mentioned that in today’s world people are very attracted to the concept of the perfect brain. Perfectibility is the central theme of discussion (Koebler, 2017). However, many ethical issues have arisen due to the development of these technologies. The basic notion of the people is that presently only 10 percent of the brain is used by a person with maximum capability. But, the people want to use more of their brain. So, technologies are being developed, and people are trying to implement newer methods so that, the human brain could be manipulated. For all these processes the information stored in a human brain has to be retrieved.
Ritalin is already available to the humans (Kodama et al., 2017) . It is only used for treating, Narcolepsy and ADHD (Kanbayasi et al., 2016). It is also used by, writers and test takers in recent times. The drug if taken in a controlled can improve concentration; enhance the memory power of the people and can also increase the level of motivation in an individual. In addition to this, there is Donepezil, helps in the treatment of Alzheimer (Lombardo et al., 2016). However, excepting these drugs there has been a development of the “smart pill”, which boost the IQ of any human being by 10 points easily (Sharpe, 2014). In addition to all these, engineers and scientists have developed the idea of using electric current to change brain functions. The tDCS. This process involves an application of a small amount of current to the scalp so that it can modulate the brain activities. Another process is, installing electrodes deep inside the brain. The simulation is proven to be a useful treatment for the Parkinson disease (Ostrem et al., 2014). In the process, the surgeon inserts the electrodes deep into the brain. Additionally, there has been the invention of chips that could be implanted into the brain directly. These chips within a few seconds or milliseconds can retrieve any kind of information for the brain. But this gives rise Tom the main ethical issue that people are concerned with. That is the privacy of individuals will be hampered as no information will not inaccessible for anyone anymore.
The main ethical issue that people are concerned with the development of the brain hacking technologies are:
- The people will lose their privacy because all the secrets that keep deep inside their brain will now be displayed in front of everybody.
- Very confidential information about security and government related issues, of all the countries will be available to everyone who has a chip installed in their brain.
Many unethical issues also arose from this.
- The people developing these technologies are not yet sure about the side effects of these chips.
- The people also do not want to undergo surgery that will be performed on their brain for the installation of these chips.
The primary stakeholders that will be suffering from these technologies are the people who would be installing these chips into their brain and the governments of various countries. Firstly the people will be affected as because their privacy will be confidential anymore. Secondly, the government of every country have much sensitive information about their security and various other policies hidden from the world; these technologies will be unveiling all the information in front the person who has the chip installed in their brain.
The main ethical issue is the unveiling of the private information in front of the whole world. This issue violates the classical theories of ethics. The only provides the information to the people who are installing these chips in their head. The individuals who cannot afford the cost of the surgery that they have to go through for the installation will not be benefited. In addition to this, the government of the countries will not be happy about the confidential information about the country being available to the world. Hence, the Utilitarianism theory is violated in this case. This technology cannot protect the privacy of people. Hence the deontology theory is also violated. The chip can get access to private information of the people without their consent. Hence this violates the virtue ethics theory also.
To resolve the issue, some steps can be taken. Firstly, some kind algorithm should be designed and installed in the chip for protecting very critical information. Secondly, the government should look make very confidential information about the country available from the internet.
The resolutions that should be taken, in respect to the issue, are crucial. Firstly, the people that are working on the development of the chips should also look into the security issues of the algorithm that they are designing. In addition to this, the governments should try and keep confidential information unavailable from the internet.
The best solution is to design the algorithms that, are installed in the chips in such a way that no kind of information will be made available on the internet without the consent of the owner of the information. This option is the best as because, if this sort of design is done in the algorithm then the people, as well as the governments, will not have to worry about the security of their information.
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