Information technology (IT) is the use of computers or any other devices in a connected network to make, design or process all sorts of electronic tasks. The use of IT is done in the companies or organizations which his involved in the making of technically related tasks (Alhawari et al., 2013). However, the commercial use of IT surpasses the various computer technologies and telephones. The basic involvement of IT is the presence of hardware, software and network.
Career is an important aspect in the lives of people. It helps to determine the way of success of the individuals concerned. IT is an important aspect in the career as well as in the companies or organizations involved. IT is a broad aspect and the presence of various domains helps a student-pursuing career in IT know the challenges involved. IT has three fields, which includes hardware, software and network. These are the main core aspects of an IT department and students can apply to each one of them, as the scope for growth is very high.
The IT department helps a business in many ways. The communication between the various aspects is deployed in a much fast manner. It also helps in communication between the business aspects without the need to stay together. The efficiency of the operation involved is also streamlined by the presence of IT operations (Laudon et al., 2012). The use of IT operations helps to provide a competitive advantage as the integration of the technologies in the business makes the business more appealing to the customers. In addition, the cost for infrastructure is also reduced as the economy is greatly enhanced for a company reducing the need for frequent manual checks.
The first recent IT technologies are the internet of things. This enables the presence of various applications, which facilitates the communication with each other via the internet to reduce the need for manual access (Liu & Wang, 2014). The second technology is the artificial intelligence where the use of robots is done to increase the interaction among objects. The last technology to be discussed is the cloud computing where the presence of cloud resources are done which removes the presence and control of hardware.
The enterprise architecture is used to provide a blueprint, which denotes the operating structure, and the framework of the organization involved (Laudon et al., 2012). The use of this enterprise is done to know the present and the future objectives of the company or organization involved. Microsoft provides the various enterprise solutions, which includes the business perspective, information perspective, application perspective and the technology perspective.
The IT is a variable part of a company and the need to secure it is a major point of concern for the concerned individual. The risks are to be mitigated as the presence of threats can lead to fatal damages to the operations of the company or organizations involved (Schwalbe, 2015). The general risks are the hardware or software failures, malware or virus infection. However, the criminal threats are the hacker and fraud problems and the breach associated with them in the network.
Alhawari, S., Karadsheh, L., Talet, A. N., & Mansour, E. (2012). Knowledge-based risk management framework for information technology project. International Journal of Information Management, 32(1), 50-65.
Laudon, K. C., Laudon, J. P., Brabston, M. E., Chaney, M., Hawkins, L., & Gaskin, S. (2012). Management Information Systems: Managing the Digital Firm, Seventh Canadian Edition (7th. Pearson.
Liu, S., & Wang, L. (2014). Understanding the impact of risks on performance in internal and outsourced information technology projects: The role of strategic importance. International Journal of Project Management, 32(8), 1494-1510.
Schwalbe, K. (2015). Information technology project management. Cengage Learning.