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OSI Reference and TCP/IP Networking models are two commonly used networking models among network developers. OSI has a common and protocol free standard model that performs as a gateway of communication between end user and network. On another side, TCP/IP model is based on standard protocols on which internet is developed. Both network models can be used according to requirements of network users due to some differences among these network models. In next segment we will compare essential features of both models.
OSI Reference Model
TCP/IP Reference Model
This reference model follows vertical approach (SearchNetworking, 2017).
TCP/IP network model trails horizontal approach.
OSI reference model consists of problem of fitting the protocols into the model.
TCP/IP does not face this kind of problem because it does not fit protocols.
In this reference model, transport layer guarantees for appropriate delivery of packets (Studytonight.com, 2017).
The transport layer of TCP/IP does not take any assurance regarding transferring of data packets. But still TCP/IP network model is considered more reliable.
The separate presentation and session layers are used in OSI.
In TCP/IP network model does not have separate presentation and session layer.
OSI reference model has seven layers
TCP/IP network model has four layers.
OSI model is used as guidance tool and around this model networks are built.
TCP/IP is in a way of implementing OSI model.
The hidden protocols of OSI model can be replaced easily.
The protocols of TCP/IP network model are not easier to replace.
These are some important differences among OSI Reference Model and TCP/IP Networking model. At some places, OSI reference model can be considered better than TCP/IP networking model but still TCP/IP is reliable, secure and more useful than OSI reference model. Here are some pros of TCP/IP model that makes it more reliable than OSI reference model.
2. The main reason that TCP/IP network model is better than OSI reference model is that TCP/IP has introduced HTTP, SNMP, FTP and SMTP and due to this, TCP/IP network model is highly adapted in market. Besides this, TCP/IP is a layer based protocol but it does not use all layers of OSI reference model (Whatisnetworks.com, 2017). TCP/IP model is reliable to use and easy to understand. It makes network protocols easy to use for users as compare to OSI model. TCP/IP model has only four layers that are more useful than OSI seven layers. TCP/IP network model is advanced and various new technologies are based on this network model. Therefore, today most of the network users and developers prefer TCP/IP network model for developing most advanced technologies. TCP/IP network model has potential to define internet protocol suite that is also known as TCP/IP suite. The main protocols that make TCP/IP suite are FTP, UDP, SMTP and SNMP and Telnet etc. Most of the new protocols are used by TCP/IP network model (Nelson, 2017).
SearchNetworking. (2017). What is the difference between TCP/IP model and OSI model?. Retrieved 16 March 2017, from https://searchnetworking.techtarget.com/answer/What-is-the-difference-between-OSI-model-and-TCP-IP-other-than-the-number-of-layers
Studytonight.com.(2017). Difference between OSI Reference Model and TCP/IP Reference Model | Computer Network Tutorial | Studytonight. Retrieved 16 March 2017, from https://www.studytonight.com/computer-networks/comparison-osi-tcp-model
Nelson, P. (2017). Why TCP/IP is on the way out. Network World. Retrieved 16 March 2017, from https://www.networkworld.com/article/2459286/why-tcp/ip-is-on-the-way-out/why-tcp/why-tcp/ip-is-on-the-way-out.html
Whatisnetworks.com.(2017). Which Is The Best Osi And Tcp/ip ModelWhat Is Network | What is Network. Retrieved 16 March 2017, from https://www.whatisnetworks.com/tag/which-is-the-best-osi-and-tcpip-model/
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