Introduction to the problem:
IoT is being utilized by various developing cities which is associated with providing a mode of interaction that is easy to use and is accessible by everyone living in the cities. The rapid advances of the IoT along with the artificial intelligence has boosted the market of smart cities (Zanella et al., 2014). In today’s world many cities are armed with various technologies which are used for the purpose of increasing the various services in the city like the transportation, healthcare and many more.
The most important challenge that is faced by the smart cities are the security challenges. Due to the reason that the IoT smart cities are associated with providing internet connectivity to various kind of devices which makes the security face a critical challenge. It is seen that 70% of the IoT devices used by the smart cities are at risk due to sufficient vulnerabilities which includes the insufficient authorization, inadequate amount of protections to the software and many more (Theodoridis, Mylonas, & Chatzigiannakis, 2013). This vulnerabilities are associated with instigating various kind of threats or attacks which leads different kind of issues related to the security and privacy.
Another challenging factor is the interoperability which refers to the capability that two different devices and devices are having while communicating with one another, during the process of exchanging information (Perera et al., 2014). A very vital role is played by interoperability in the smart cities while providing connectivity amongst the devices that are operating inside the smart cities with the different communication technologies.
Followed by this is the problem related to low-power and low-cost communication. The IoT devices are small in size and are assisted by various kind of sensors. So as to make sure that this devices are working properly there must exist a continuous power source which initially leads to significant amount of challenges related to the life span of the battery and the cost as well (Vlacheas et al., 2013).
The data produced by the various devices being used inside the cities are huge in amount and are of different type. This is initially responsible for the problem related to big data analytics. The big data analytics acts as one of the major challenge faced by the IoT based smart cities. Billions of devices are added to the network by the smart cities. All this devices would be working properly if proper connectivity is provided to them so as to produce significant amount of information (Sanchez et al., 2014). Ensuring connectivity inside a smart city is a very challenging task which might be including the providing of low connectivity to the devices which are having high mobility, challenges in the connectivity transition from the device or from the network, and lastly the challenges faced while massive deployment of devices are being done in the absence of proper connectivity.
Structure of the report:
Purpose: In this section the major aim of the report would be discussed. The major aim of this report is to discuss about the usage of the IoT in smart cities.
Scope: The scope of this paper is to analyze the various kind of problems that are faced by the IoT while being implemented in the smart city domain. Besides this paper also discusses about the previous works that has been done regarding the IoT technology.
Technologies: The technology that is going to be analyzed in this paper is the Internet of Things
Literature Review: This section discusses about the various works that has been done with this technology and how this technology have been used so as to make the smart city become more efficient and tackle the various kind of challenges.
Annotated Bibliography: in this section the major understandings of the literature review is provided. This is mainly done so as to proceed with the further research regarding this technology.
Research Findings: In this section of the paper the most appropriate methodology is selected so as to eliminate the various kind of problems and make the technology work in a more efficient way.
Recommendations: This sections of the report consists of further recommendations that can be adopted so as to make the technology become more efficient.
Conclusion: The conclusion section would be summarizing the entire paper which would be consisting of the overview of the various problems, the previous works that has been conducted, selection of the appropriate methodology so as to eliminate the problems and lastly the recommendations.
Perera, C., Zaslavsky, A., Christen, P., & Georgakopoulos, D. (2014). Sensing as a service model for smart cities supported by internet of things. Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies, 25(1), 81-93.
Sanchez, L., Muñoz, L., Galache, J. A., Sotres, P., Santana, J. R., Gutierrez, V., ... & Pfisterer, D. (2014). SmartSantander: IoT experimentation over a smart city testbed. Computer Networks, 61, 217-238.
Theodoridis, E., Mylonas, G., & Chatzigiannakis, I. (2013, July). Developing an iot smart city framework. In Information, intelligence, systems and applications (iisa), 2013 fourth international conference on (pp. 1-6). IEEE.
Vlacheas, P., Giaffreda, R., Stavroulaki, V., Kelaidonis, D., Foteinos, V., Poulios, G., ... & Moessner, K. (2013). Enabling smart cities through a cognitive management framework for the internet of things. IEEE communications magazine, 51(6), 102-111.
Zanella, A., Bui, N., Castellani, A., Vangelista, L., & Zorzi, M. (2014). Internet of things for smart cities. IEEE Internet of Things journal, 1(1), 22-32