Ericson’s psychological stages and interpretation:
In the first case of Jason, it seems that since an early age he lacks the interest for studying. According to Erik Eriksons stages of psychology, Jason lies in the stage of role confusion versus identity. This is the stage of Fidelity; the child belongs to the age group of fourteen years and at this stage they have a confusion that engraves their thought, this stage is critical for the teens to choose their identities and think about the way they should behave.
The second case of Brenda reflects her state of confusion regarding her career. This is more like having role confusion. At almost every stage she chose something that she found to be not her cup of tea. She almost tried different roles but the main thing she was missing is to identify her purpose. So her stage and state of psychology is more of role confusion. In making career choice she is very fickle.
In this case of Carrie a 36 year old woman, she is presently alone and divorced. It is clear that she needs love which is an indication of the stage six. This stage is about love where it deals with isolation or intimacy. When she was eighteen she had love but now she misses that love. She is at 38 and according to the psychological stage this state would last till forty years of age. Either she needs to find her ideal love or if that becomes hard then she would start focusing more on her career which is more about generativity and stagnation (Beyers and Seiffge-Krenke, 2010).
In case of Eric, a kindergarten student, he depends highly on the teacher’s instruction and guidance. He hesitates to participate in group activities. He has automatically developed a sense of inferiority which is generally done at the age between five and twelve. This stage is establishes Inferiority versus Industry. At this stage they are not firm about whether they could make it or not (Berzoff et al., 2008).
In this case of Anna, she is suffering from disorder of pervasive development. She is four years of age and her behavior indicates that of an autistic child. This is the stage of shame and doubt versus autonomy. At the first six months she was under the guidance and care of her mom. When her mom was found to have abnormal mental syndromes she lost that care. Moreover she had an abusive aunt who tortures her mentally and physically. So her development was interrupted with a bad environment. All she need is a proper care from her mother (Leuzinger-Bohleber, Canestri and Target, 2010).
Joe belongs to the fourth stage of psychology. This stage is about inferiority and social behavior. Though he is good in social interaction among his friends yet he does not want to enter into the world of competency. He is happy with his grades and state and has the complex of inferiority.
Her Karl a 78 year old person belongs to the eight stages where he is in despair and lacks social interaction. His near ones doesn’t prefer to visit him because he expresses his feeling about his life without meaning. So at his later adulthood he has despair more than integrity.
John is 36 years of age and is married. He is in the seventh stage of stagnation versus generativity. He lacks the interest to find time for his children’s and prefers to lead his life on his own way. He had failed to find a sense of purpose for contribution so he has a stagnant behavior towards his family than his career (Newman, Newman and Uttley, 2009).
Berzoff, J., Flanagan, L., Hertz, P. and Berzoff, J. (2008). Inside out and outside in. Lanham, Md.: Jason Aronson.
Beyers, W. and Seiffge-Krenke, I. (2010). Does Identity Precede Intimacy? Testing Erikson's Theory on Romantic Development in Emerging Adults of the 21st Century. Journal of Adolescent Research, 25(3), pp.387-415.
Leuzinger-Bohleber, M., Canestri, J. and Target, M. (2010). Early development and its disturbances. London: Karnac.
Newman, B., Newman, P. and Uttley, C. (2009). Development through life. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.