The aim of the following discourse is to make a fruitful review of a particular article and provide both positive and negative feedback regarding it. In order to accomplish the distinct purpose, the present paper would first summarize the chief aspects covered by the chosen article, which is “The contribution of the frontal lobe to the perception of speech”. It is to mention in this purpose that the article belongs to the “Journal of Neurolinguistics” and is written by the combine effort of Alessandro D’Ausilio, Luciano Fadiga and Laila Craighero.
Prior to provide positive and negative feedback regarding the article, it is essential to summarize the article at first. It has been understood after reading the article that the chief indication of the paper is that the motor system and specifically the frontal lobe holds a significant contribution in building percept regarding speech. It has been identified that in order to establish the purpose of proving the significance of frontal lobe in acquiring various perceptions of speech, the paper has cumulated empirical evidences (D'Ausilio et al., 2012). Following the particular aim of establishing importance of frontal lobe, the considered article has evaluated aspects as speech listening that activates the area of motor system and has elaborated the casual functions of the motor areas regarding speech perception. Most significantly, prior to delve deeply into the above-mentioned premises, it has been identified that in the introductory phase, the chosen article has addressed three major premises, which are relation between Broca and speech production and Broca system and speech perception. Alongside, the article has underlined the significant interaction among the frontal, temporal and parietal areas for procuring and providing chief functions of language ability (D'Ausilio eta l., 2012).
After reviewing the chief premises of discussion belonging to the considered article, it is significant to denote that the article has finally implied that motor systems are capable in changing speech discrimination. It has been further concluded by the article that several areas of Frontal Lobe, which are involved in making speech production, mainly influence the premise that concentrates on shaping speech perception (D'Ausilio et al., 2012). Most significantly, it has been understood from the article that the growing evidences, which are experimental indicate that perceptual regions are not capable alone in perceiving the sensory information, which are action related. Thus, the article firmly outlines that in order to acquire information regarding the action related sensory, the contribution of the motor system belonging to the frontal lobe is necessary.
Considering the conclusion as well as the fundamental premise of the article, it is to say that the context of the article is relevant as well as potentially informative. It is because the article coherently rejects the fact that there are huge differences between the ways languages are produced and the way they are perceived, which are claimed by the classical models. The claims and evidences cumulated and highlighted by the article are presented with impressive amount of discussion, therefore the authors have successfully engaged the readers into the discussion. On the other hand, it is to say that the points displayed by the article are worth acceptable as per the reason that frontal lobe involves most of the neurons, which are dopamine-sensitive (Ester et al., 2015). It is a known fact that dopamine system potentially selects and controls the sensory perceptions, which come directly from the thalamus (Pribram & Luria, 2013). Therefore, it should be contemplated that motor system of frontal lobe influences the speech perception activities. Most significantly, it is a proven fact that the frontal lobe plays an essential role in controlling memory also (Safavi et al., 2014). Therefore, considering all the above-mentioned scientific facts, it should be regarded that the article contains relevant and acceptable facts.
On the contradictory side, it is to say that as per the article has dealt with the contribution of frontal lobe in language perception the article could have given far more evidences of research works, which has been pursued previously upon the distinct premise. It is true that the article has mentioned several experiments and has noted experiences of several patients though they are few. It would have been much more interesting for the readers if in sections, where the authors have discussed about speech listening that activates the area of motor system, they could have enlisted some relevant evidences (Barbey et al., 2013). Most importantly, the article could have extended its discussion on the matter of the potential contribution of frontal lobe to the human memory.
Henceforth, from the above discourse it has been understood that the considered article is a relevant piece of information that successfully establish the fact that speech perceptions are influenced by the motor system of frontal lobe. However, according to the above discourse the article could have enlisted more evidences and a brief discussion on the contribution of frontal lobe to human memory.
Barbey, A. K., Koenigs, M., & Grafman, J. (2013). Dorsolateral prefrontal contributions to human working memory. Cortex, 49(5), 1195-1205.
D'Ausilio, A., Craighero, L., & Fadiga, L. (2012). The contribution of the frontal lobe to the perception of speech. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 25(5), 328-335.
Ester, E. F., Sprague, T. C., & Serences, J. T. (2015). Parietal and frontal cortex encode stimulus-specific mnemonic representations during visual working memory. Neuron, 87(4), 893-905.
Pribram, K. H., & Luria, A. R. (Eds.). (2013). Psychophysiology of the frontal lobes. Academic Press.
Safavi, S., Kapoor, V., Logothetis, N. K., & Panagiotaropoulos, T. I. (2014). Is the frontal lobe involved in conscious perception?.
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