This project will investigate the changing nature of childhood. It will incorporate the cultural and historical differences associated with childhood and the research will investigate how children are protected from harm in society.
Students need to produce a PowerPoint presentation covering the following learning outcomes. To understand the current safeguarding procedures and legislation students need to research 1989 and 2004 Children Act. Students are also advised to incorporate child abuse case studies in their presentation.
Children Act 1989
- This act provides the framework that is legislative in nature for the protection of children in England.
- The key or vital principles that is included in the act are as follows:
- The paramount nature related to the welfare of the child
- The requirements and expectations around the existing duties related to the care of the children.
Children Act 2004
- It refines and strengthen the Children Act established in the year 1989 Act.
- This further helps in encouraging the partnership between the existing agencies and further creating more accountability.
- It helps in promoting the well-being s of the children and the young people.
- Arrangements are made to promote and safeguard child’s welfare.
Types, signs and symptoms:
- Child abuse is caused when someone harms a child body both physically and mentally;
- This creates a negative impact on the child’s health, body well-being and their development (Widom, Czaja and Dutton 2014).
- This means when someone hurts a child body, any kind of harm is abuse, this includes the following:
- Throwing object at the child.
- Holding child under water
- This involves activities like oral-genetical contact.
- Being involved in the sexual activities of adults
- Being touched or talked to in sexually explicit ways either directly or indirectly
- Exposure to child pornography or intercourse (Horwath and Tarr 2015)
- This may affect the injuring the self-esteem for child's and emotional well beings.
- It also includes emotional and verbal assaults.
- Such as ignoring, isolating or rejecting a child.
- This makes also the child very sick that requires medical attention (Herber et al. 2016).
- Mental disorder such as requiring adequate food, affection, education or medical care and supervision.
- This includes failure to provide proper shelter, affection education, towards the supervision, medical and educational care.
- This also involves failing to meet child's basic psychological needs
- Not providing sufficient food and shelter.
- Inadequate protection from danger.
- Not adequate medical care.
Effects of child abuse
Children's are at huge risks due to abuse.
The effects include:
Appropriate actions and responses
- It is important to report about the abused child.
- Continue to talk to the child affected
- Getting someone's perspectives
Responsibilities and roles of practitioners
- To promote and safeguard the children is every organization responsibility.
- Improving children understanding of risks. (Klevens et al. 2014)
Roles of Practitioners
- Raising public awareness related to the potential risks for children and young people.
- Developing safer services as well as opportunities related to employment. While those coming across children.
- Be alert to the risks imposed by potential abusers.
- Share to analyze information for the proper assessment of child's needs.
- Contribute to overall action needed for safeguarding and promoting child welfare.
- Working efficiently with parents to ensures child safety.
Roles of practitioners
- Identifying the potential or actual harm to the children.
- Analyzing concerns through effective assessment
- Discussing the matters concerning with managers in supervision.
Urgent medical attention
- The child while suffering from the injury must seek proper medical attention from the accidents (Macdonald 2016).
- The children social care should be informed.
- Besides pediatricians and duty consultant at the hospital.
Dealing with child disclosure
- Reassure that is alright to tell you (Dillon,Greenop and Hills 2016)
- Make a record of the details as soon as possible
- prevent impairment of children’s health or development
- protect children from maltreatment.
- ensure that children grow up in situations consistent with effective care and safety (Hallett 2015)
- enable all childrento have the best outcomes.
- Prevent inappropriate individuals functioning with children
- Promote safe training and challenge ineffective and unsafe practice (Parton 2016)
- Identify where there are grounds for concernabout a child’s welfare and take appropriate action
- Dillon, J., Greenop, D. and Hills, M., 2016. Participation in child protection: A small-scale qualitative study. QualitativeSocial Work, 15(1), pp.70-85.
- Hallett, S., 2015. ‘An Uncomfortable Comfortableness’:‘Care’, Child Protection and Child Sexual Exploitation. BritishJournal of social work, 46(7), pp.2137-2152.
- Herbert, A., Gonzalez-Izquierdo, A., McGhee, J., Li, L. and Gilbert, R., 2016. Time-trends in rates of hospital admission of adolescents for violent, self-inflicted or drug/alcohol-related injury in England and Scotland, 2005–11: population-based analysis. Journal of Public Health, 39(1), pp.65-73.
- Horwath, J. and Tarr, S., 2015. Child visibility in cases of chronic neglect: Implications for social work practice. The BritishJournal of Social Work, 45(5), pp.1379-1394.
- Klevens, J., Barnett, S.B.L., Florence, C. and Moore, D., 2015. Exploring policies for the reduction of child physical abuse and neglect. Child abuse & neglect, 40, pp.1-11.
- Maacdonald, G.S., 2016. Domestic Violence and Private Family Court Proceedings: Promoting Child Welfare or Promoting Contact?. Violence against women, 22(7), pp.832-852.
- Parton, N., 2016. The Contemporary Politics of Child Protection: Part Two (the BASPCAN Founder's Lecture 2015). ChildAbuse Review, 25(1), pp.9-16.
- Widom, C.S., Czaja, S. and Dutton, M.A., 2014. Child abuse and neglect and intimate partner violence victimization and perpetration: A prospective investigation. Child abuse & neglect, 38(4), pp.650-663.